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-BER, 193 

Volume 37 Number 1^ 

eRe+urn Postage Guaranteed 





Where in all the World Can You Find Such Another 

CHRISTMAS PRESENT 

For that son away from home ; that girl teaching ; for that lad in the CCC Camp ; 
for Dad or Mother; for that family of boys and girls who cannot afford a magazine; for 
that library in your home town — 

as The IMPROVEMENT ERA 

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— spiritual uplift — a wholesomeness which should attend Christian living. 

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Volume 38, mailed monthly as the magazines come from the press, ^2. 




pHE IMPROVEMENT ERA, 
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Getitlelnen: Inclosed please findTmoney order or check fca 

for which please send this number, or- 

ft'olume, of "The Improvemetit Era" to 

, whose address is 

tH imdefstand that a Christmas Card will accompany mjrgifr. 

Sincerely, 

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Address of Donor 




'What a lovely 
gift — twelve 
gifts, really!" 




^# 





Heber J. Grant, Editor 
Harrison R. Merrill, 

Managing Editor 

Elsie Talmage Brandley, 

Associate Editor 

Organ of the Priesthood Quo- 
rums, Mutual Improvement 
Associations and Department 
of Education 

Published monthly by the 

GENERAL BOARDS OF THE 

MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT 

ASSOCIATIONS 

Melvin J. Ballard, General Mgr. 
Clarissa A. Beesley, Associate Mgr. 
O. B. Peterson, Business Mgr. 

EXECUTIVE AND EDITORIAL 

OFFICES: 
SO North Main Street, Salt Lake 

City, Utah 
Copyright, 1932, hy the Young Men's 
Mutual Improvement Assc/ciation 
Corporation of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints, All 
rights reserved. Subscription price, 
$2.00 a year, in advance; zoc Single 
Copy. 

Entered at the Post Office, Salt 
Lake City, Utah, as second-class 
matter. Acceptance for mailing at 
soecial rate of postage provided for 
in section 1103, Act of October, 
1917, authorized July 2, 1918. 




CODE 




QlljriatmajS 

"PHIS is a Christmas card 
to all of our subscribers. 
We hope all will like it. 
Remember you can make it 
your own Christmas Card 
to some loved one, friend 
or acquaintance by follow- 
ing out the instructions on 
the inside cover page. 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Volume 37 



DECEMBER, 1934 



Number 1 2 



EDITORIALS 

Who Finds Christmas? E. T. B. 736 

Are You Having Your "Eras" Bound? 736 

Sunday Evening on Temple Square 737 

Changes in Church Officials 737 

The Dcseret News Receives Recognition 737 



To All M. I. A 
The Trial of Jesus 



ARTICLES 

Workers — Greetings The 



M. I. 



A. Executit^s 

Jesse Udall 

The Poetic Quality in the Writings of Joseph F. Smith /. jB. Ball 

The Long Winding Trail President Anthony W. Ivins 

In His Name -' V/endell O. Rich 

Let's Talk About Personality Mildred Baker 



The Savior of Nacozari 

Frontispiece 

The Cover 



-Thomas Cottam Romney 



708 
714 
717 
722 
726 
730 
731 
733 
721 



FICTION 



The White Wings of Christmas —-Anna W. McNiel 718 

A Christmas Tree for Susan Macgot Spande Seal 724 

A Romance of Two Cities — Serial, Part II Dorothy Ctapp Robinson 728 



POETRY 



The Lights of Christmas__Cc/f on Culmsee 707 

Christmas Christie Lund 721 

Ode to Personality --WiWrecf Tanner Petit 730 

A Regiment of Stars in Bivouac-5. Palson 735 

December Rena Stotenburg Travais 735 

Mother's Things Bess Foster Smith 735 



The Love of Christ Grace Zenor Pratt 

Christmas Gifts Rachel G. Taylor 

What Does He Think? -A. S. Johanesson 

Evolution (A Mother to Her Son) . 

Jeannette M. Morrell 

Song For My Little One G. Hendrickson 



735 
735 
735 

757 
758 



DEPARTMENTS 



Lights and Shadows on the Screen 738 

Music 739 

Melchizcdek Priesthood 740 

Ward Teaching 741 

Aaronic Priesthood 742 

Mutual Messages 744 

Community Activity 745 

Em and Publicity 746 

Adults 747 



Seniors 748 

M Men-Gleaners 749 

Gleaner Girls 750 

M Men 751 

Junior Girls 752 

Vanguards . 753 

Scouts 75 4 

Bee-Hive Girls 755 

Your Page and Ours Inside Back Cover 



A MAGAZINE FOR EVERY MEMBER OF THE FAMILY 







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3 



THE LIGHTS OF 

CHRISTMAS 

By CARLTON CULMSEE 



nPURNING the yellow scroll of history, 

I saw that the most precious gifts to man 
Have come from poor men. Bosoms thinly clad 
Can feel the bitter wind of the world's need. 
And there are earnest souls who are ashamed 
That they can give the needy ones about them 
So little food and clothing; so they search 
Their hearts with the thin fingers of their longing 
And sometimes bring forth strangely finer things. 

My mother gave me much, but over all 

I hold the love of Christmas that she fostered, 

Christmas in deeper meaning. 

First she lit 
The little crimson candle of a baby's 
Primitive glee with jolly Yuletide lilts, 
Colors, and lights. Next with the tale of Christ 
She kindled the white taper of young awe. 





And then one empty Christmas-time, her sadness 
At having nothing for the ones she loved — 
A sorrow almost covered with a smile 
And words of hope — she made me sec a gleam 
Of something that I should have seen before: 
That folks in threadbare garments hold the power 
Of doing splendid deeds and giving greatly, 
As Jesus proved long centuries ago. 

That gleam has brightened to reveal a world 
More rich and potent, with a sunrise flush 
Of promise. 

Likely I shall never gather 
A heap of heavy gold, but I believe 
That some day I may reach an inner vein 
Of some strong metal for the tools of men 
Who work the roadways to the high plateau. 



To All M. I. A. Workers 

GREETINGS 

From the M. I. A. Executive Officers of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 



/^r\EACE I leave with you, my peace I give unto you; not as the 
Jj world givethf give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, 
neither let it be afraid J' 

Nearly two thousand years ago Jesus Christ, the Lord, the 
Savior of the world, spoke thus to his disciples gathered in an upper 



room. 



To those who believed fully in His majesty and power, that 
message of good cheer is still filled with peaceful assurance. The 
world may be at war; other men may tear at each other's throats, 
but if, in our hearts, we have an abiding love for God and His 
children we can forgive — we can understand and be at peace. 

At this Christmas time we rejoice that we have confidence in 
His eternal goodness. Jesus is the Christ; He has spoken in our 
day and at the head of His work stand three, the First Presidency 
of the Church, ready and willing to carry on His work. 

Not long ago we celebrated with the Saints in all the world the 
birthday of our President, Heber J. Grant. He has lived a long 
life devoted to the Gospel. During all of his seventy-eight years 
he has gone forth in all the world preaching the Glad Tidings of 
Great Joy that God is good and has not left His children without 
witness in these days. For sixteen years he has stood at the helm 
of this Church guiding its destiny with a sure and certain hand 
with his eyes fixed upon the word of the Lord which has served as 
compass and guide — a Liahona of unfailing power. 

With a trust that has been beautiful to behold, President 
Grant has walked steadily forward. At his side stand two sturdy 
men of learning possessed of the qualities of leadership, full of faith 



















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and eager to serve. These three, supported and sustained by the 
other general authorities, by the hundreds of thousands of Latter- 
day Saints throughout the world, and by the inspiration of our 
Heavenly Father, will lead us into peace. 

We rejoice in the progress that has been made by the world. 
We see upon every hand evidences that the teachings of the Master 
are finding root in human hearts. Though there are still countless 
problems to solve, we have faith that the Guide who walked in 
Galilee has left solutions when men learn to apply them, and has 
appointed inspired leaders to assist men to understand. 

We are pleased with the progress which has been made by the 
Mutual Improvement Association. Our young people in all parts 
of the world have found wholesome activity and an opportunity to 
serve. They have drawn into their socials and parties as well as 
into their classes thousands of young men and women in search of a 
pure, spiritual atmosphere and of wholesome, clean entertainment. 
Truly the leaven has been hidden in the measure of meal throughout 
the world and joyful are the words of praise which come to us. 

May the Mutual Improvement Association do its utmost to 
make the coming holiday season all that the Master would have it. 
Let us remember that in as much as we do it unto the least of these 
His children we are doing it unto Him. All who follow in His 
footsteps will find a peace and joy that will pass understanding, for 
peace is found in the soul not in outward things. Joy springs from 
the heart, not from worldly possessions or fame or power. 

M. I. A. organizations are charged with the responsibility of 
directing the social and cultural activities of their particular wards 
and branches. It is our hope that these young people, under the 
counsel and advice of the Bishopric, will plan and foster a program 
which will be satisfying on account of its excellence. The Church 
is reaching a cultural maturity and all of our activities should 
reflect that maturity. 

We favor high grade dances and socials on a ward and stake 
basis. We are eager to see our young people enjoying themselves 
everywhere, especially when that enjoyment can be accompanied by 
activities which will give them grace and culture of body, of mind, 
and spirit. Ours is a joyous Gospel, a social Gospel — the plan 
inaugurated by the Master who loved to visit with His friends and 
converse with them on social as well as on spiritual subjects. He 



l'^a¥!1Si|33 







was present at the wedding feast; he banqueted with his friends; 
He visited at the homes of those whom He loved and who loved 
Him. We would be glad to have our people follow in His foot- 
steps, but we should like them always to deport themselves as if He 
were present with them. Thousands followed Him attracted by 
His sparkling conversation, His marvelous stories, His ease and 
grace. 

The holiday season should be one of joy. It celebrates the birth 
of Him who gave to the world its greatest gift and its loftiest ideals. 
Truly it should be a time of thanksgiving. 

The season also marks the birth of the Prophet Joseph Smith 
through whom the Gospel in its purity and fulness was restored. 
He became a true follower of the Savior laying the foundations 
once again for peace and happiness on earth and hope in an after 
life. He also emphasized the importance of social activity and 
made plans for wholesome and uplifting entertainment which have 
been followed by all of his successors in the First Presidency of the 
Church. 

Wc trust that our M. I. A. workers in all the world will enjoy 
the coming Christmas holiday season; that conditions will make it 
possible for you to feel in your hearts the benign influence of the 
spirit of the Master and of traditional Christmas. To you we send 
greetings praying the Lord to guide and protect and build you up 
in your most holy faith. 

God has spoken from the heavens in our day; He has estab- 
lished His kingdom upon the earth never more to be thrown down 
or given to another people; He has placed at its head leaders through 
whom He can make known His will, and we are happy to bear 
testimony to their worth and their works. May God bless and keep 
us all and fill our hearts with brotherly kindness for all men. 

George Albert Smith, 
Richard R. Lyman, 
Melvin J. Ballard, 

Y. M . M. J. A. SMperintendency. 



Ruth May Fox, 
Lucy Grant Cannon, 
Clarissa A. Beesley, 

Y,W. M. /. A. Presidency. 




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714 



The TRIAL of 
., JESUS 



JESSE UDALL 



IN this day when sensational 
trials are daily heralded on the 
front page of all great news- 
papers, it perhaps would be proper 
to review briefly the salient facts 
connected with the most memorable 
trial in all history, the great legal 
tragedy that resulted in the death of 
our Lord and Master. 

The substance of the law applic- 
able in cases where persons were 
placed on trial for their lives in that 
day and age may be stated as fol- 
lows: The fundamental law, of 
course, in all Hebrew history was 
the Ten Commandments proclaim- 
ed by Moses. These had been en- 
larged and amplified during the 
centuries following their establish- 
ment and certain rules governing 
in the trial of capital cases had 
been clearly and definitely fixed as 
a part of the law. For instance, no 
man could be convicted of a capital 
offense on less than the testimony 
of two witnesses to the same overt 
act; or without the right to employ 
counsel or have counsel appointed to 
defend the accused. One who had 
been accused could not be compelled 
to be a witness against himself and 
his voluntary confession, uncorrob- 
orated by other evidence, was not 
sufficient to sustain a conviction. 
The accused was presumed to be in- 
nocent until a final verdict of guilty 
was pronounced. The trial of a 
capital case could not be held in the 
night time, or on the Sabbath Day 
or on a Festal Day, nor could a 
sentence be pronounced or an exe- 
cution carried out on such days. 
Sentence of death could not be pro- 
nounced until the third day after 
the finding of guilty, and then only 
after a second vote of the great San- 



"Passion Week^' for nearly two thousand years has 
held its place as the climax week in the history of man- 
kind. During that period the central figure in earth 
life was undergoing his most cruel testing^ but praise be 
to the Father^ He bore up heroically and sealed His 
testimony with His blood. In this article Attorney 
JJdall reviews the legality of the most famous trial in 
Christian history. 



hedrin resulting the same as the 
first. Witnesses who were about 
to testify in a capital case were ad- 
monished by the presiding Judge 
in the following words: "It is not 
conjecture, or whatever public 
rumor has brought to thee, that we 
ask thee ; consider the great respon- 
sibility that rests upon thee; that 
we are not occupied by an affair, 
like the case of pecuniary interest, 
in which the injury may be re- 
paired. If thou causest the con- 
demnation of a person unjustly ac- 
cused, his blood, and the blood of 
all the posterity of him, of whom 
thou wilt have deprived the earth, 
will fall upon thee. God will de- 
mand of thee an account, as He de- 
manded of Cain an account of the 
blood of Abel. Speak." 

Every precaution was taken to 
guard the rights of the accused, it 
being an axiom of the law that it 
was the duty of the Court to save 
and not destroy human lives. The 
tests applied to the Judges, prose- 
cuting officers and accusing wit- 
nesses as to capacity and impar- 
tiality were most rigid. In fact, it 
was a criminal code so explicit, so 
humane and fair that in many ways 
it surpassed our present enlight- 
ened jurisprudence. 

The Court before whom Jesus 
was haled after His arrest was the 
great Sanhedrin. The origin of 
this Court has been ascribed to 
Moses under the direction of the 



Almighty to "Gather unto me 
seventy of the elders of Israel, 
whom thou knowest to be the 
elders of the people, and officers 
over them; and bring them unto 
the tabernacle of the congregation, 
that they may stand there with 
thee." 

This body was made up of two 
presiding officers, a religious cham- 
ber of 23 Priests; a law chamber of 
23 Scribes and a popular chamber 
of 23 Elders and this no doubt is 
the Court referred to by the Master 
when He said to His disciples that 
He "must go into Jerusalem, and 
suffer many things of the elders and 
chief priests and scribes, and be 
killed." 

PRISONERS brought before this 
Court were first arraigned by 
having charges read in open Court 
by the auditor, such charges being 
based on accusations made before 
a proper officer by one familiar 
with the facts. At the close of the 
case one of the Judges summarized 
the evidence, spectators were re- 
moved from the Court Room and 
the Judges proceeded to ballot. 
Twenty-three Judges constituted a 
quorum and it required a majority 
of two or more of the quorum as- 
sembled to convict. No announce- 
ment of conviction could then be 
made until a second hearing on the 
case was held, which had to be at 
least one day after the first hearing 














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THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 



and had to result the same 
as the first in order to have 
a conviction stand. 

The record of the ar- 
rest, trial, conviction and 
execution of Jesus is con- 
tained in the Four Gos- 
pels. The truth and ful- 
ness of this record cannot 
be questioned when tested 
by the rules of evidence 
accepted the world over. 
"It is a familiar rule of 
evidence that all ancient 
writings, whether docu- 
mentary or otherwise, 
coming from the proper 
repository, are presumed 
to be genuine, and are ad- 
missible as proof of the 
facts to which they relate 
without direct proof of 
their authenticity." 
Grcenleaf on Evidence, 
Section 510. The facts 
pertaining to the trial nar- 
rated in the Four Gos- 
pels fall clearly within the 
above rule and hereafter 
will be placed in quota- 
tion marks and will con- 
stitute the record of the 
case. • 

Some weeks before the 
great tragedy, the great 
Sanhedrin met with Jos- 
eph Caiaphas, presiding 
as High Priest. In ad- 
dressing the assembled 
Court he used the follow- 
ing language : ' 'Ye know 
nothing at all, nor con- 
sider that it is expedient 
for us, that one man 
should die for the people, 
and that the whole nation 
perish not," indicating 
that they were casting 
about to find a way to 
destroy the Master either 
legally or illegally. 

The result of the meeting was 
that it was necessary to take Jesus 
by subtlety or fraud and kill Him. 
Nicodemus opposed the action say- 
ing: "Doth our law judge any 
man, before it hear him, and know 
what he doeth?" However he was 
promptly silenced when the balance 
of the Court almost in one voice 
said to him, "Art thou also of 
Galilee?" 

The council did not condemn 
Him at this time, but did issue a 
fiat that He should be put to death 
whether guilty or innocent. This 
fact soon became quite generally 
known and no doubt Jesus was in- 




formed of it, as He then went into 
retirement for a few weeks, in pre- 
paration for the final ordeal. In 
the meantime His enemies offered a 
reward to anyone disclosing his 
whereabouts and the record reveals 
that they "consulted that they 
might take Jesus by subtlety or 
fraud and kill him." 

During the closing days of 
March, 33 A. D., and immediately 
prior to the fatal passover, which 
was held during the first week in 
April of that year, Jesus again 
makes an appearance. Great streams 
of people were moving toward 
Jerusalem and it is believed by good 
authority that as many as three 



"CROWN OF THORNS," BY GUIDO RENI 

million people attended the cele- 
bration this particular year. 

Jesus and His disciples coming to 
Jerusalem for the occasion arrived 
at Bethany, a village near Jeru- 
salem, on Friday evening, just one 
week before His death. He went 
to the home of Simon, whom He 
had cleansed of leprosy. On the 
evening of the next day, the Jewish 
Sabbath, a supper was given in His 
honor, at which time He rebuked 
Judas for protesting against what 
he pretended was a lavish use of 
ointment. Judas left the supper 

(Continued on page 756) 



By 

I. B. BALL 



717 



m 




The Poetic Quality 
the Writings of 

SMITH 



RELIGION is related to poetry 
as life is related to art. Re- 
ligion is life, the life of God 
in the soul of man. . . . Poetry 
is an interpretation of life. . , . 
There is poetry that is not religious, 
and there is religion that has but 
little to do with poetry, but the 
greatest poetry is always that which 
sets forth the facts of the religious 
life," says Washington Gladden. 

The true poet and the true pro- 
phet are imbued with much of the 
same spirit, as Apostle Orson F. 
Whitney loved to attest. Words- 
worth taught the pre-existence as 
did Lowell in words as clear, 
though not so well known as 
Wordsworth's. Tennyson fore- 
told the coming of the aircraft of 
our day. 

There is much that is poetic in 
the writings that have come to the 
world through Joseph Smith. And 
there was not only a prophetic en- 
dowment in the ancestry of the 
Prophet, but in his close relatives 
there has appeared the poetic gift. 
The late poet-laureate of Califor- 
nia, Ina Coolbrith, is now known 
to have been the Prophet's niece, 
being the daughter of Sylvester 
Smith. David Smith, son of the 
Prophet, wrote words and melody 
to that haunting composition, 
"The Unknown Grave." 

Listen to these phrases from the 
eighty-eighth section of the Doc- 
trine and Covenants: 

The earth rolls upon her wings. 

And the sun giveth his light by day. 

And the moon giveth her light by night, 

And the stars also give their light 

As they roll on their wings in their glory, 

In the midst of the power of God. 

Unto what shall I liken these kingdoms. 

That ye may understand? 

Behold, all these are kingdoms. 

And any man who has seen any or the least 

of these, 
Hath seem God moving in his majesty and 

power. 




THE PROPHET JOSEPH SMITH 

Compare this with the beautiful 
Nineteenth Psalm, and I think the 
simple words of the Prophet do 
not lose by the comparison, al- 
though he was unlettered while the 
Psalm is the work in translation 
of scholars. 

The heavens declare the glory of God; 

And the firmament showeth his handiwork. 

Day unto day uttereth speech, 

Night unto night sheweth knowledge. 

There is no speech nor language 

Where their voice is not heard; 

Their line is gone out through all the earth, 

And their words to the ends of the world. 

It is noteworthy that both the 
Psalmist and the Prophet were 
moved poetically by the theme 
of the starry heavens, for Stevenson 
speaks of "their serene and glad- 
some influence on the mind. The 
greater part of poetry is about the 
stars; and justly so, for they are 




themselves the most classical of 
poets." 

And for an example of the gift 
to pack great thoughts into small 
spaces, but in majestic symmetry 
and perfect order let the reader con- 
sider the last two verses of the 
memorable one-hundred-twenty- 
first section: 

Let thy bowels also be full of charity to- 
wards all men. 

And to the household of faith, 

And let virtue garnish thy thoughts un- 
ceasingly; 

Then shall thy confidence wax strong in 
the presence of God, 

And the doctrine of the priesthood shall 
distill upon thy soul 

As the dews of heaven. 

The Holy Ghost shall be thy constant 

companion, 
And thy sceptre an unchanging sceptre of 

righteousness and truth, 
And thy dominion shall be an everlasting 

dominion. 
And without compulsory means it shall 

flow unto thee 
Forever and forever. 

That phrase, "and without com- 
pulsory means it shall flow unto 
thee forever and forever" reminds 
one of "Waiting" by John Bur- 
roughs: 

Serene, I fold my hands and wait. 
Nor care for wind nor tide nor sea; 
I rave no more 'gainst time nor fate. 
For lo! my own shall come to me 

What matter if I stand alone? 
I wait with joy the coming years; 
My heart shall reap what it has sown. 
And garner up its fruit of tears. 

The stars come nightly to the sky; 
The tidal wave unto the sea; 
Nor time, nor space, nor deep, nor high. 
Can keep my own away from me. 

Surely it is profitable to contem- 
plate the beauty of expression and 
the sublimity of conceptions that 
were original with the Inspiration 
that rested upon the American 
Prophet, Joseph Smith. 



718 



WHITE WI 



By^ ANNA W. McNEIL 



Grandma Westlin was a dear old lady whose 
heart-strings had entwined around her little homey 
a fact that her wealthy granddaughter and pros- 
perous grandson could not appreciate until Christ- 
m>as came. Then a little girl^ a little boy^ a doll 
and some incidents brought Santa Claus. 




G 



R A N D M A 
WESTLIN had often heard and 
used the expression: "a square peg 
in a round hole,'- or "a round peg 
in a square hole," little dreaming 
that these descriptions would ever 
apply to herself. Then, one day, 
things happened with terrible sud- 
denness and her well-ordered little 
world dissolved into chaos. Grand- 
ma, sitting dazed and numb, did 
not know how to cope with the 
new state of affairs. Grandpa had 
seemed so strong and well in spite 
of his years, that the thought of an 
all-alone future had nevei: occurred 
to her. 

"Grandma had better make her 
home with us," suggested prosper- 
ous John Westlin to his wife. "She 
wouldn't be a bit of trouble — you 
would hardly know she was in the 
house. Nobody else in the family is 
in a position to take her, and I owe 
her a debt that can't be repaid for 
all that she did for me as a boy." 

"If only she won't sit and brood 
all day;, I couldn't stand that," an- 
ticipated Mrs. Westlin, dismally. 
"And about the housework — she 
simply mustn't be underfoot." 

"She won't be underfoot— -she 
isn't that kind; and I'll guarantee 
that she won't brood," promised 
he. "Grandma is naturally a 
cheerful soul and she won't be like 
this after the shock wears off. She 
can't go on living all by herself at 
her age." 

"No, of course not," agreed Mrs. 
Westlin, with some show of hearti- 
ness. She too had memories of 
Grandma's kindness. 

So the arrangements were made 



before Grandma real- 
ized what they were 
all about and the next 
few days found her 
transplanted from the 
peaceful Southern vil- 
lage where she had 
spent her seventy-five 
useful years to a 
strictly modern city 
apartment. Grandma 
had often grieved 
over a tree that had 
been uprooted by a 
storm; its boughs still 
clinging tenaciously 
to a thread of life and 
its leaves bravely put- 
ting forth their green. 
How like to her own 
experience, she reflect- 
ed; but then, she 
mustn't be gloomy. 
How good John and 
his wife were to pro- 
vide a home for her 
and how appreciative 
she must be. There 
was so much she could 
still do for them — 
her sight was good 
and her fingers nim- 
ble.^ 

"This is your 
room, Grandma," an- 
nounced Mrs. West- 
lin, ushering her into 
a beautifully appointed chamber, fearfully 






"HOW MUCH WILL THE CLOTHES 
COST?" HE ASKED. HE COUNTED OUT 
A FEW HOARDED PENNIES. "WILL 
IT BE MORE THAN THAT? THERE'S 
COAL AND EATS TO BUY AND MAYBE 
YOU WON'T THINK THIS IS ENOUGH." 



'Now, you are not expected to do 
a thing, you know, only to make 
yourself comfortable and be as 
happy as you can, under the cir- 
cumstances." 

Grandma looked about a little 



It wasn't the cheery 



coziness she had been accustomed 
to, and from the sixth-floor win- 
dow the street below yawned like- 
a chasm. But she faced her tall 
grand-daughter-in-law with a gal- 
lant spirit. 



NGS OF 



719 



Illustrated by 

N. J. COTTERELL 



CHRISTMAS 




/; 




ifflj- 



-J 



"It's good 
of you, Wini- 
fred, to do all 
this for me and 
you mustn't 
spoil me by 
letting me set 
around. I want 
to earn my 
board and 
keep," she ven- 
tured. 

Mrs. West- 
lin, thinking 
of her hus- 
band's five-fig- 
u r e income, 
registered de- 
termined pro- 
test. "Oh, no. 
Grandma! If 
you care for 
your own 
room that is 
quite all you 
can do. We 
have all kinds 
of electrical ap- 
pliances, s o 
that the house- 
work is no 
drudgery, and 
our maid is 
very compe- 
t e n t. No — 
really — !" She 
lifted a depre- 
cating hand as 
she closed the 
door, warding 
off further 
speech on 
Grandma's 
part and leav- 
ing her to her 
own devices. 

Nevertheless, 
the first meal 
over, Grandma 
produced a 
crisp, gingham 
apron and 



stepped gingerly over the waxed 
floors towards the kitchen. 

"I'm all ready to do the dishes, 
dearie," she said, brightly. "Now, 
just tell me where you keep the 
dishpan and the wipers and then 
I'll always know." She peered 
about in vain. 

"We have no dishpan. We 
have an electrical dishwasher." Mrs. 
Westlin indicated the device. "You 
might just as well take your apron 
off. Grandma, for there's absolutely 
nothing you can do." 

No one was in the habit of dis- 
puting that particular tone in Mrs. 
Westlin's voice, but Grandma was 
intent upon being useful. "There's 
the darning!" she exclaimed. "Now 
you find me all your stockings and 
all of John's socks, and let me look 
them over. I'll mend them so you 
will surely think they are brand 
new." 

"We never wear mended hose. 
Grandma, if you think you can't 
be comfortable and contented here, 
there's the Old Ladies' Home!" 

At the threat of an institution, 
the place above all that Grandma 
dreaded, the "appleblow" as 
Grandpa had fondly called it, faded 
from her cheeks and she suddenly 
felt weak and tired and old. Mrs. 
Westlin, seeing the effect, repented 
her remark. "Come, Grandma," 
she suggested, trying to make 
amends. "You want to take a nap, 
don't you? Here's a flower for you 
to take up to your room." She 
chose a huge, feathery chrysan- 
themum from a cluster in a tall 
vase. 

Grandma accepted it thankfully. 
She was too tactful to say that she 
never took a nap in the daytime. 
She untied her apron, folded it 
carefully and laid it away. Then 
she went to the window, seemingly 
gazing at the activities in the street 
but in reality, seeing nothing. 
There had been chrysanthemums in 



720 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER, 1934 



her garden every fall — not like this 
gorgeous one to be sure, but little 
brave lavendar and white blooms 
that year by year defied the frost 
because Grandma protected them 
at night so carefully. Somehow 
they seemed more friendly than this 
and she liked them better. But 
now — "Why, I'm a prisoner, just 
as much a prisoner as if I was in 
jail, and who will take care of my 
flowers!" she exclaimed aloud. 

After that, Grand- 
ma did not offer to assist with the 
housework. She 
appeared at meals 
her bright, pleasant 
self — -and then 
went to her lonely 
room where she in- 
vented a diversion 
that consisted of 
thinking what 
would be going on 
every hour of the 
day if she were 
back in her old 
• home. She knew 
which of the 
neighbors would 
be running in at 
different times; 
who would want 
to borrow; who 
would ask for a 
recipe ; who was 
working for some 
of the church 
interests and 
needed her 
help ; who 
had a ticket 
to sell; who 
would call 
out, "Want 
anything at 
the store, to- 
day, Grandma?" — who would 
stop with the mail; and how the 
children homeward bound from 
school, would congregate about 
the porch while she generously 
handed out freshly made cookies 
and doughnuts. At last, even this 
palled, because Grandma became 
frankly homesick. Yet, what to 
do, she didn't know. A family 
had taken possession of the house. 
She could not reconcile herself to 
boarding elsewhere in the village, 
because the thought of home meant 
doing the things she liked. 

"I know what!" Inspiration 
came to her. "I'll sew!" But sew 
what? Then she was seized with 
a happy idea. Back in the village 
days, Grandma had clothed dozens 



of dolls, not only for her little 
friends, but for the various "Bar- 
rels" which from time to time were 
packed by the church workers for 
missionary centers at home and 
abroad. She had a bag of "pieces" 
which represented many an odd and 
end of dress materials and trim- 
mings, and this she had brought 
with her. 

"The women all seem to be so 
busy in this city," mused Grandma, 
judging by what she had seen and 
heard in the Westlin household, 
"that I don't believe they think of 






NEXT MORNING GRANDMA SCANNED THE 
ADVERTISING COLUMNS OF THE DAILY 
NEWS AS WAS HER CUSTOM, EVER SINCE 
HER OWN PROFITABLE ADVERTISEMENT 
HAD APPEARED. SOMETHING STOOD OUT 
ON THE CLOSELY PRINTED PAGE IN LET- 
TERS THAT SEEMED TO HER AN INCH 
HIGH. 



such a thing as making doll dresses 
for their children. The flimsy 
clothes that the boughten dolls 
wear can't last long, the way chil- 
dren handle them; and when I was 
a little girl, I wanted my dolls to 
have plenty of changes." She in- 
dulged in a rare smile thinking of 
the contrast between the now and 
then, in dolls and their costumes, 
as in everything else. 

One idea suggested another, and 
Grandma, for want of something 



to pass the time, had become an in- 
veterate newspaper reader. For the 
first time in her life, she composed 
an advertisement. Her fingers held 
the pencil stiffly and she made many 
erasures before it was written to 
her satisfaction, but she was pleased 
with the result. 

"Mrs. Santa Glaus would like 
to make clothes for dolls. Busy 
mothers, please notice." Then fol- 
lowed her name, naively set down 
as "Grandma" Westlin, and her 
address. She especially liked the 
thought of "Mrs." Santa Glaus. 

Mrs. WESTLIN was 
touring the state in the interests of 
a political measure affecting women 
workers, and Grandma felt that the 
time was ripe for her venture. 
Somewhat tremblingly, she showed 
her advertisement to John, and ex- 
plained her purpose. "The time 
hangs so heavy on my hands, 
John," she said, 
pathetically,, 
"that I've just 
got to do some- 
thing, whether 
your wife likes it 
or not. Even if 
she does make me 
go to the Old 
Ladies' Home!" 
Her voice broke. 

"You won't 
have to go there, 
Grandma — don' t 
worry," he told 
her, reassuringly. 
He turned back 
the pages of mem- 
ory and saw him- 
self, a boy, visit- 
ing his grandpar- 
ents in their vil- 
lage home, 
never been able 
for him! How 
and cooked and 
and made every 
moment of his stay the happiest 
possible. She had gone, a quaint 
little figure, to his college com- 
mencement and wept with joy and 
pride when he had received his 
diploma. 

There were certain yellowing 
clippings in Grandma's Bible. 
They told of advancement that 
had come to him in more than one 
line, and Grandma exulted, not 
alone because of the honor to the 
old family name, but because she, 
worshipping, had always known 
that John was worthy of, and 
(Continued on page 732) 



Grandma had 
to do enough 
she had fussed 
waited on him. 



721 




The Cover 

ON the cover at this Christmas 
tide we present our readers 
with an enwreathed photo- 
graph of "The Golden- toned Mis- 
sionary." 

We call it missionary, for during 
the sixty-seven years of its life it 
has carried the message of the Gos- 
pel in music to millions of people — 
for years to those who went daily 
to the Great Tabernacle to hear it, 
to those who came by thousands 
from far and near to our general 
conference, and, since radio has be- 
come universal, to millions on this 
and other continents over the air. 
It is one missionary that has always good music," said President Young dition was made to the organ when 



THE SALT LAKE TABERNACLE ORGAN 



been gratefully received and which 
has never been maligned or misun- 
derstood. 

It seems that the Lord prepared 
the way for this grand old musical 
instrument, for back in the early 
fifties Joseph H. Ridges, an English 
carpenter who had learned to build 
pipe organs, away off in Australia 
heard the "glad tidings" and came, 
with a small pipe organ of his own 
make, to Utah. In 1856 — Jan- 
uary — he was set to work upon the 
Great Organ for the Tabernacle, 
by President Brigham Young. 
The pines of south- 
ern Utah were 
declared to be the 
best for use in the 
organ, consequently 
thousands of feet of 
lumber in the form 
of unsawed logs 
were brought by ox 
team to "The City 
of the Saints," 
where approximate- 
ly 1 00 men were em- 
ployed upon the or- 
gan's construction. 

Besides thousands 
of feet of pine lum- 
ber, hundreds of 
buffalo and beef 
hides went into the 
organ, or the residue 
therefrom, in the 
form of glue which 
was made in Salt 
Lake City. 

The grand organ 
was dedicated in Oc- 
tober, 1887. "We 
can't preach the Gos- 
pel, unless we have 



The 



con- 



upon one occasion to his choir the string organ was added, 
leader — George Careless. "I am instrument as it stands today 
waiting patiently for the organ to tains 2,648 pipes, 
be finished, then we can sing the Though it is not now the larg- 
Gospel into the hearts of the peo- est organ in the world, it is one of 
pie." Since 1867 the old organ, the best known and best loved in- 
alone and accompanied by the struments that was ever made. It 
Tabernacle Choir, has been doing is said that its tonal quality, either 



-singing the Gospel into 
of the people of many 



just that— 
the hearts 
lands. 

The original Ridges 
been revised, 
brought up to 
since 1867. In 



organ has 

improved, and 

date several times 

1915 the latest ad- 




OIliriatmaH 

By 
CHRISTIE LUND 



QHRISTMAS! But not the Christmas it will be 

When the Christ -child's message shall be understood; 
When men shall walk uprightly and shall see 
The dawn of universal brotherhood. 

Christmas! But not the Christmas of the dream 
He offered to the world — the dream of peace, 

Of fellowship — the star's white gleam 

Lighting men's souls to glory and release. 

Christmas! Let every heart with pity break 
For our blindness, and let each knee bend 

In reverent prayer to ask for Christ's sweet sake 

That our wars, our hatreds and our greeds shall end. 



on account of its excellent construc- 
tion largely of Utah wood— much 
foreign wood has been added in 
recent years — -or on account of the 
assistance given it by the Great 
Tabernacle, is second to none in 
tonal quality. 

Six master organ- 
ists have added to 
the fame of the be- 
loved instrument — 
Joseph J. Daynes, 
John J. McClellan, 
Edward P. Kimball, 
Tracy Y. Cannon, 
Alexander Schrein- 
er, and Frank W. 
Asper. Several 
younger organists 
are already begin- 
ning to win acclaim 
at the historic con- 
sole. 

As a Christmas 
token to all of our 
subscribers, this 
number of The Im- 
provement Era, lov- 
ingly prepared in 
special color, has 
been inclosed in this 
cover and sent out 
hoping that it will 
carry with it the 
spirit of "The 
Golden-Toned Mis- 
sionary." 




LONG 



By 



ANTHONY W. IVINS ABOUT 5S YEARS AGO 



Address Delivered at the 
Utah State Agricultural 
College Alumni Banquet, 
on the Evening of June 2, 
1934, in the Library 
Building, 



nFTER this introduc- 
tion I feel more em- 
barrassed than be- 
fore. I have been embarrassed all 
day. As I drove up from home 
this evening I found myself un- 
consciously humming, "Home on 
the Range," and when we reached 
the building from the outside we 
could hear the students and Alumni 
singing, "There's a Long, Long 
Trail." 

It took me back to my early life, 
and I remembered the long winding 
trail which I have followed during 
the eighty-two years that I have 
lived. 

Fifty-eight years ago today I was 
traveling through the White 
Mountains in Arizona with four 
other men. The country was in- 
fested with Apaches who were on 
the warpath at that time, and con- 
stant vigilance and care were neces- 
sary. I was mighty glad when we 
reached the north side of those 
mountains among Indians who 
were more friendly. 

I think as I look back, it has 
been a long, long trail, this life of 
mine, but always leading me to- 
wards the land of my dreams. It 
has been a long, long night of wait- 
ing, but I find my dreams coming 
true, and I am still walking down 
this long, long trail with you, you 
who are present tonight. 

John D. Baldwin in his book, 
"Ancient America," tells us that 
Columbus came late. Another 
thing that he says is that America 
grew up alone. I thought when I 
read it of the parallel in my own 
life. I have come very late into this 



PRES. ANTHONY W. IVINS 



It is a long, winding trail from Toms River, New Jersey, to Salt Lake 
City, to Utah's Dixie, to Mexico and back again to Salt Lake City; from the little 
country school house and a few months' schooling to a Doctor's Degree from one 
of the great educational institutions of the nation; from the wee son of a convert 
to Apostle and First Counselor in the First Presidency of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints; from cowboy to financier; yet, the late President 
Anthony W. Ivins traveled it. He possessed two strong staffs and acquired one. 
He had courage in his right hand and an innate honesty in his left — the kind of 
honesty which goes deep to the very center of the heart, making him intellectually 
as well as "money" honest. Later in life he acquired a wife. She became a real 
staff to him, walking with him ever shoulder to shoulder down the long, long 
trail. The degree. Doctor of Laws {LI. D.) was. conferred upon President Ivins 
by The Utah State Agricultural College last June. 




723 



WINDING TRAIL 





PRESIDENT IVINS BEtNG CONGRATULATED UPON 
RECE;IVING his degree, by secretary WAL- 
LACE, U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

association of Alumni of the Utah 
State Agricultural College, as 
Columbus came late to America. 
On the other hand I am not late, 
because I think that no other person 
has been admitted to this society at 
my age, so that I am the first as 
well as the last. 



■pHERE is still a long trail before 
us, all of us; and it is not as 
distinctly and well defined as some 
might wish it to be, and yet, as I 
have always done, I and other men 
still look hopefully forward and 
expect a better and happier life. In 
future years I expect to be walking 
down that long trail with you good 
people who are present tonight; 
and in the life to come that is my 
aspiration, my hope, my desire. 

I want to say that while my life 
has been spent very much alone, I 
have had since that fifty-eight years 
ago — and it was soon after that 
that I was married — a companion 



with me who has followed 
these devious ways and 
hardships without com- 
plaint. I just want to say 
to you young men here: 
You will never know what 
real life is until you have 
such a wife to go with you 
as you travel down the 
path of life. 

I have been wondering 
since I came in, which of all 
my accomplishments and 
different vocations from 
which I have graduated en- 
titled me to have the honor 
which has come to me to- 
day. I know that among 
them I am a graduate cook 
and dishwasher. On this 
long trail among the In- 
dians, there were nine 
months that we did not 
sleep in a bed, so far as I 
remember, that was not 
carried on a horse. I was 
never sheltered by a tent 
during the winter. And 
during that period of time 
I prepared food for the 
party, one of whom was 
the late J. Z. Stewart of Logan. 
The food, while not always pre- 
pared perhaps according to the most 
modern method in domestic science, 
served its purpose very well. I am 
sure that some of you here tonight 
would have enjoyed the venison 
steak as I often broiled it, or the 
good trout that I had caught and 
fried, had you been there. I think 
I could have won your admiration 
for my cooking. 

I graduated as a tailor also on 
that trip. My trousers were worn 
out, and there 
was no avail- 
able way , to 
obtain more. I 
took a canvas 
pack cover that 
we had, spread 
it out on the 
ground, ripped 
up the old 
trousers and 
laid them on 
the canvas, and 
with my knife 



cut out a pattern, then sewed it to- 
gether. It made a very serviceable 
pair of trousers. 

When I recall that kind of tailor- 
ing I am reminded of the story of 
the young mother, who for the first 
time made a pair of trousers for her 
little boy. The neighbor asked her 
how she got along with it, and she 
replied that there was one thing 
she didn't like: when she saw John- 
ny coming down the street she 
couldn't tell whether he was com- 
ing home or going the other way. 

I have, among other things 
been a great traveler. I have been 
with Bartlett and Perry to the 
North Pole, with Scott and those 
who were with him to the South 
Pole, and again with Amundsen 
and Byrd to the same place. I have 
been around Cape Horn with 
Magellan, and around the Cape of 
Good Hope with that wonderful 
navigator, Vasco de Cama. I have 
been over the long Labrador trail 
with Dillon Wallace, up the Am- 
azon and down the Orinoco with 
Caspar Whitney. I have been 
through the intermountain country 
with Kit Carson, Jim Bridger, and 
others of the explorers who have 
left history behind them. I have 
been in every country in the world. 
I have sailed on its seas and down 
its rivers. I have become acquainted 
with the politics, in a way, of all 
countries. All of this I have done 
in books. 

I was too busy to go far from 
home and hadn't the money to go 
with had I so desired. I have shod 

(Continued on page 763) 



THE TYPE OF RIG PRESIDENT IVINS USED ALONG 
THE WINDING TRAIL. HE IS DRIVING. 




724 



fl Christmas Tree 

for SUSAN 



D, 



EAR Lena," Susan 
wrote, "I know you won't mind 
if I ask you to make other plans 
for Christmas this year. 

"Ellen has been ill, and I am 
unusually busy with my school 
work, so we aren't planning the 
usual Christmas festivities. All of 
you have given up so many really 
interesting affairs each year just to 
come up here that you'll appreciate 
a chance to go somewhere else. . ," 

She wrote three more letters and 
addressed them all in her square, 
childish, handwriting. 

It was. five o'clock and almost 
dark, and the postofRce was two 
miles away, but Susan knew if she 
kept, the, letters until morning she 
would not send them at ,ay . She 
pu lied up a ■ heavy , , rough - neck 
sweater over her navy blue dress 
and thrust ; the, letters into her 
pocket.,, She went through the 
kitchen to tell Ellen, the house- 
keeper; where she was going. 

The air was^ crisp and cold;; 
there was more than a suggestion 
of snow in the sting of the wind 
against her cheeks, and in the som- 
bre grey clouds. Susan looked up 
at the tall pines etched against the 
greyness. A wild exultant thrill 
purged through her, as it always 
did at the coming of a storm at 
The Highlands. 

That was Ann's name for their 
old home aftd it suited the place 
magnificently. A rambling farm- 
house with fireplaces and big rooms, 
its situation on the crest of a hill 
overlooking Hartwell was unique. 
The tall pine trees surrounding the 
house gave it a wild, primitive as- 
pect. The first glimpse of The 
Highlands was always a shock 
after you had seen the pretty, com- 
monplace little town of Hartwell. 

At the postofRce Susan Sherrill 
hesitated, then thrust the four let- 
ters into the box and ran. 

'Tt's what they all want," she 
assured herself fiercely. "They 



just come up here because it's the 
thing to do. They don't really en- 
joy it." 

She blinked hard to keep back the 
tears and walked very fast, with her 
head down and her hands plunged 
deep in her sweater pockets. 



Ellen wiped her floury hands on 
her apron and looked at Susan with 
shrewd eyes. 

"It'll be a grand time, I'm 
thinkin', and you eatin' your heart 
out with lonesomeness for the four 
o' them." 




It was dark when she reached 
The Highlands, and the promise of 
snow had been fulfilled; large 
flakes whirled and spun in the 
wind. Susan ran into the kitchen, 
her eyes shining and the olive pallor 
of her skin warmed to a rich color 
by her vigorous walk. 

"There'll be no fuss and bother 
and hard work this Christmas, 
Ellen," she told the housekeeper. 
"I've written all of them not to 
come. Think what a grand time 
we'll have, just the two of us." 



"Not at all, Ellen," said Susan 
lightly. "Sure, an' why should I 
be after pinin' to hear Ann tell me 
in that languid drawl of hers that 
my furniture's junk, and I'm old- 
fashioned," she concluded in El- 
len's own brogue. 

"Yes, an' Robert, too," said El- 
len with spirit. He'd be after turn- 
in' me out of my own kitchen to 



725 



By MARGOT SPANDE BEAL 



let a fancy cateress run things. Me 
that's been here thirty years." 

"Then there's Elizabeth and her 
ardent suitors," said Susan laugh- 
ing. "She thinks I'm 
crazy to stay in a 
town where there 
aren't any men." 

"And Lynn Lane," | 

Ellea added with rich 
scorn. "Her that 
gives up a good name 
like Lena Shcrrill to 
call herself by the 
likes of that, and in- 



sults a body when she's asked to 
sing." 

"Lynn," said Sue with dig- 
nity, "sings in Grand Opera. She 
may not be a star yet, 
"" '"""'"*^). but she refuses to de- 
"! base her art by sing- 
ing at church soci- 
ables." She dropped 



her pretense of dignity and laughed 
infectiously. "Come on, Ellen, 
let's eat in the kitchen tonight. 
You and I aren't grand New York- 
ers and I'm half starved." 

OUSAN was very busy 
all during December. Winter had 
come with an air of finality and 
(Continued on page 760) 




WITH A FLASH OF UNDERSTANDING SUE 
DIVINED THAT ANN WASN'T PERFECTLY 

HAPPY. 

"I'M SO TIRED. I HAD TO COME HOME 

FOR A REST OR GO TO PIECES." 



By 

WENDELL O. 
RICH 




FIFTY years of unselfish service 
to fellowman. This is the 
proud record completed by 
the Latter-day Saint people in the 
Logan Temple. More than five 
million ordinances have been com- 
pleted within its walls since their 
erection half a century ago. The 
splendid thing about this great 
work is that by far the greatest 
share is that which has been done 
by proxy for those who have 
passed beyond. This is not a work 
of self-centered interest but of faith 
and love, more often than not 
touched with sacrifice. 

Wholly in accord with the spirit 
of the work, the celebration of the 
fiftieth anniversary of the Temple 
did not find a temporary cessation 
of the work. Instead, twenty-four 
thousand more ordinances were per- 
formed by the visiting saints. The 
deep significance and unrivaled 
beauty of the pageant depicting the 
history of the Temple carried home 
to the visiting thousands the won- 
der of the work performed within 
its walls. The crowning event 
to the visitors, after they had spent 
the day in the temple, came as they 
left the evening performance of the 
pageant. With the significance of 
the temple work freshly impressed 
upon their minds by the beautiful 
pageantry, they came out into the 
night to find the Temple bathed in 




AN UNUSUAL VIEW OF 
THE LOGAN TEMPLE 



a flood of light from cornerstone to 
utmost tower. It was a sight which 
few who attended will ever forget. 
The people of the Latter-day 
Saint Church are just beginning to 
realize the responsibility which 
rests upon them. More and more 
are finding some time during the 
year to do work for their dead. 
Records of the temples show that in 
the last few years the work is in- 
creasing by leaps and bounds. In 



the Logan Temple, at the com- 
pletion of its first fifty years the 
following gratifying results are 
shown : 

1884-1893 — First ten ycars-__ 468,043 
1894-190 3 — Second ten years.. 245,375 
1904-1913 — Third ten years.. 455,340 
1914-1923 — Fourthtcnycars-.1.513,290 
1924-1933 — Fifth ten years-.. .2.771,995 
Total work for the first fifty 
years 



5.454.043 

In every type of work done there 



727 



IN HIS NAME 

Last summer Saints from> all over the inter -mountain region gathered in 
Logan to celebrate the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Building of the Logan Tem-ple. 
At that tifne many of the general authorities of the Church including President 
Grant and President Ivins attended. Thousands ^^went through'''^ the sacred edi- 
fice doing work for their departed dead. The following article gives the record 
of the work done during the half century which has just passed. 



has been an encouraging increase. 
Large companies are always going 
through and often the night ses- 
sions are swelled to the limit. Rec- 
ords for the last four years show 
this increase. 

1930 1931 

Baptisms 98,467 101.812 

Ordinations 33,206 33,839 

Endowments 74,053 74,654 

Scalings 45.887 49,298 

Total 251,613 259,603 




THE TEMPLE AT NIGHT DUR- 
ING THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY 
CELEBRATION 



1932 1933 

Baptisms 107.270 159,412 

Ordinations 37,971 52,000 

Endowments 85,587 116,508 

Sealings 55,568 67,615 

Total 285.396 396,535 

The thousands who crowded 
the tabernacle during the week of 
the pageant are an indication of the 
interest which is developing in the 
work. Many of the older 
people are spending a ma- ' 
jor part of their time in 
temple work and genealog- 
ical research. Nor is the in- 
crease confined to the older 
people alone. The gene- 
alogical classes through- 



out the Church are showing a 
larger and larger proportion of 
younger members. There is some- 
thing about the work which makes 
it inspirational and satisfying to 
both old and young. 

It is inspiring to walk upon the 
temple grounds beneath the shadow 
of its walls. There is a feeling 
about the stately grandeur of the 
House of God symbolic of the work 
performed here in his name. But 
if you really wish to catch the spirit 
of temple work, you will find it in 
the faces of those who serve here 
who have walked the paths of God 
and found them good. 




"DAY DIES IN GLORY LIKE A 
SONG" 




728 



There is some inexplicable charm 
about the thought of civilization 
of other peoples and other days. 
Out of the Book of Mormon his- 
tory inevitably has come imagin- 
ative creative writing; love-stories 
have been woven of the threads of 
romance suggested in its pages; 
poetry is to be found there; phil- 
osophy is present in abundance. 
Mrs. Robinson hds written this 
story, building it upon the ideal- 
ism and sincerity of the people of 
Book of Mormon times. 

CHAPTER II 



Zena had 



M, 



.EANWHILE. 
!:iurried toward home. 
Crossing the square where stood the 
Great Temple, she stopped to gaze 
at the wonder of its workmanship. 
To her, its sanctity was oversha- 
dowed by the glaring insolence of 
Noah's tower near by. Always 
that tower loomed in the back- 
ground of her thoughts as a dragon 
of oppression. Reaching, grasp- 
ing, lashing, it had under King 
Noah, goaded her people into 
slavery. What mattered it now if 
the Master Hand had changed, the 
monster remained the same and was 
surely if slowly, crushing the life 
blood from them. How long, she 
wondered, could they endure it? 
From among the shadows, the 
weird cry of a hoot owl broke the 
stillness and with an audible sigh, 
she turned. 

Long, lean fingers closed over 
her arm and a long lean face 
shrouded in a black hood drew 
close. 

"Too much talk with the La- 
manite makes thy return late, 
Fair One." She spoke in a high 
whining tone. 

"Old Witch, who told thee I 
spake with the Lamanite?" Zena 
demanded. 

"The ears of Bithna are keen. 
They hear the secrets of God and 
men." 

"Bithna!" Zena said sharply. 
"Thou knowest that none save it be 
His Holy Prophets know God's 
secrets. Grandfather says witches 
are idolaters and he that giveth 
money for witchcraft shall perish." 

"Then surely," the old Crone 
chuckled, "the sons of Lehi shall 
live forever. This day have I taken 
but one leah of silver. Only one 
leah," she whined in the tone of 
one asking alms. 

"But how much gold or corn, 




DOROTHY CLAPP 
ROBINSON 



Old Witch?" Zena asked suspi- 
ciously. A dry chuckle was her 
only answer so she continued, 
"Dost thou go my way?" 

"Aye. I would that thou 
shouldst be safe in Jared's keeping 
this night." 

"Why?" demanded Zena. 

"For the Sons and Daughters of 
Lehi there is danger in every 
shadow," was the evasive answer. 
"Stay by him who would protect 
thee. There be evil abroad." 

"How dost thou know?" Zena 
asked again. 

The old woman resumed her 
whining tone. 

"The ears of Bithna are keen. 
They hear the secrets of God and 
men." 

Zena drew away, "Bithna, 



thou sayest that which is not true." 
"Bithna hath said," reiterated 
the witch smoothly. Then sud- 
denly she slipped away and min- 
gled with the shadows. 

Zena hastened to her home. It 
stood fronting the street, a spacious 
building. Its hard stony exterior 
softened by a profusion of shrubs 
and flowering vines. Within its 
walls had once shone the limelight 
of Nephite society, but now it 
was little used. In one part lived 
Zena and her aged grandparents 
alone, except for an old servant 
who had been with them in the 
days of their affluence. At her sum- 
mons, the massive door swung 
back and she passed inside. 

A stranger would have stopped 
to exclaim over the chiseled paint- 



MANC 



OF 



729 



TWO CITIES 




HIS BOLD BLACK EYES WANDERED TO THE CUR- 
TAIN BEHIND WHICH ZENA AND HER GRAND- 
MOTHER HAD FLED. . . "JARED IS A WEAKLING. 
HE LETS HIS WOMEN RULE HIM." JARED DID 
NOT ANSWER, BUT HIS HAND STILL POINTED 
TO THE DOOR. 



ings and intricate mosaics covering 
the walls; at the gorgeously tiled 
floors touched here and there with 
rugs of velvety texture and striking 
colors; at the number and beauty 
of statues scattered about; at the 
stuffed birds of tropical plumage, 
and silken tapestries that hung pro- 
fusely and intrigued the wonder 
as to what lay behind them; but 
Zena had grown up in this house 



K>3MH>. 



and just now was 
blind to its splen- 
dors. She passed 
into a small rec- 
tangular room. 
Two pairs of eyes 
looked lovingly 
at her as she en- 
tered. Putting 
down her basket 
she knelt before 



the patriarch who half reclined on 
a couch, and kissed the hand heM 
out to her. For the grandmother 
she had a warm embrace. 

"Dear child," the old lady 
crooned softly, "your coming is 
late. I was near distracted." 

The girl laughed lightly. "Waste 
no tears on me. My eyes are keen 
and my feet swift." 

"Ah, but your arm is not 
strong," the grandmother rebuked 
her, "and your basket is scarce half 
filled. Could you find nothing?" 

ZiENA had thrown 
aside the scarf and she tossed her 
head in anger. 

(Continued on page 764) 



ILLUSTRATIONS BY FIELDING K. SMITH 




730 



Let's Talk 
About 

Personal! tu 






By MILDRED BAKER 

// people'^ s minds were transparent^ many 
problem^s could be settled with ease and fi- 
nality. Inasmuch as such is not the case^ 
various methods of study and observation m^ust be adopted^ that greater understanding and 
sympathy and tolerance be developed. Headers of the Era have indicated unusual interest in 
and appreciation for the series by Mrs. Baker ^ now approaching its conclusion. 




PART V 

IF you have successfully ascended 
the three broad steps of mental, 
emotional and physical adjust- 
ment in the development of your 
personality, you will have devel- 
oped a definite momentum which 
will carry you onward and 
make the going easier from 
this point. You who have 
come this far on your jour- 
ney will have arrived upon 
a wide plateau from whence 
you can see, stretching out 
before you, an ever broad- 
ening vista leading to your 
goal. There are no more 
steps to climb. From now 
on the ascent is gradual ; an 
almost imperceptible but 
steady rise, a sort of 
"growing out," a reaching 
up, an evolution or emer- 
gence, if you will, of 
growth and development 
based on a firm foundation 
of mental, emotional and 
physical soundness. Life 
and the living of it will 
take on a new and ever in- 
creasing interest. 

Life is a series of adjust- 
ments and readjustments 
and social adjustments, 
which we shall discuss in 
this article. These evolve 
from the proper function- 



ing of the three major phases of our 
personality which have been dis- 
cussed previously. Since we are hu- 
man beings and must live out our 
lives in the society of other human 
beings, an ability to "get along" 
amicably with others is indeed a 
happy faculty. It gives us such a 



ODE TO PERSONALITY 



WHAT is it 
Makes my heart stand still 
And then rush on to catch its beat? 
Is it your eyes, or just your smile, 
Or the cadence of your voice so sweet? 
I wonder — 

What is it 

Sets my soul on fire 
Like gazing at the "Blue Boy's" face 
With myriad lights that stay my breath? 
Is it your charm, your poise, your grace? 
I wonder — 

What is it 

Thrills me through and through 
Like a perfect poem or symphony 
And urges me to seek the heights? 
Is this just personality? 
I wonder — ■ 

But this I know 

That like a poem or painting rare 
Or strain of music so sublime 
You lift my soul to realms unknown — 
Is it a taste of things divine? 
I wonder — 

By MILDRED TANNER PETTIT 



definite feeling of comfortable well 
being. But it does more than that. 
It enriches us. It stimulates us. 
It pays rich dividends by uncover- 
ing a wealth and depth of beauty 
and fineness in others that remains 
an influence in our lives forever. 
Being well adjusted socially, 
means reaching out to 
others, being genuinely 
interested in the success 
and well being of others, 
solicitous of their good, 
their happiness and their 
progress, sympathetically 
helpful. It means being 
a friend in very deed and 
being a friend, makes 
friends. Social adjustment, 
in its broadest sense, is a 
gradual process, begun as 
soon as we, as children, as- 
sume our first relationships. 
We soon learn that we are 
members of a group and 
that certain rules and regu- 
lations which apply to the 
group, apply to us as indi- 
viduals. We can under- 
stand, very early in life, 
that we are no exception to 
the rule and can readily 
learn to follow cheerfully, 
a well planned and exe- 
cuted regime. As early as 
two weeks of age, we 
should begin to understand 
our relation to the family 
(Continued on page 766) 



■^^^^^ 






By THOMAS 
COTTAM 
ROMNEY 

Principal L. D. S. Institute, 
U. S. A. C, Logan 




Tne 

Savior 



of 
NACOZARI 



o 



NE hundred and 
fifty miles from Douglas, Arizona, 
in the state of Sonora nestles deep 
in a canyon the city of Nacozari, 
one of the important mining camps 
in Northern Mexico. It was built 
by the Montezuma Copper Com- 
pany, a branch of the Phelps- 
Dodge Company, as a center for 
their extensive mining interests 
throughout a large area in North- 
ern Sonora. Here they built one 
of the finest concentrating plants 
in the world to process the ore from 
several mines, conveyed there by 
the company's system of railroads. 
When I was there more than 
twenty years ago there were about 
two thousand inhabitants made up 
chiefly of Mexicans and Americans 
most of whom were in the employ 
of the company. Like many 
others I went there to retrieve a 
small fortune lost in mine specula- 



tions and found employment in the 
building line. The majority of 
the houses at Nacozari were com- 
pany built and company owned 
and to the credit of the company 
be it said, they paid their employees 
well. 

In 1908T was acting foreman for 
the company in the construction of 
their buildings and as such, was 
on my way from a row of tenement 
houses under construction to the 
planing mill when I observed a 
train of cars winding its way over 
the circuitous route leading up the 
steep acclivity east of town. There 
was nothing unusual about such an 
event, for trains were constantly 
going back and forth from the 
mines, except that in this instance 
the train seemed to be on fire. I 
watched it with interest and with 
considerable curiosity until the last 
car had passed over the summit of 



GREAT BEADS OF PERSPIRATION PRO- 
TRUDED FROM EVERY PORE AND WITH A 
HEAVY GROAN HE OPENED WIDE THE 
THROTTLE AND THE TRAIN SPED ON. 



the hill when almost immediately 
there occurred the most terrific ex- 
plosion that I had ever witnessed. 
The force of the concussion was so 
violent that it seemed to me my 
head would be blown from my 
shoulders and as if by instinct I 
found my hands locked over the 
top of my head to keep it from 
being blown into space. 

After the shock was over I went 
at top speed to the summit of the 
hill to discover if I might, what 
had happened. The sight I beheld 
beggars description and like Ban- 
quo's ghost, it haunts me still. 
The first tragic scene in the picture 
was a dead man lying on his back 
with the warm blood from his 
body flowing down the hill in a 
small rivulet. Passing on I ob- 
served that the warehouse which 
had stood by the side of the track 
had been so completely demolished 
that not one particle of evidence re- 
mained to confirm the fact that 
such a building had ever existed. 
(Continued on page 768) 



732 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 



The White Wings 
of Christmas 

(Continued from page 720) 
^ ^ 

would receive, the best. With his 
wife out of hearing he praised 
Grandma in a way that delighted 
her beyond expression, and he fur- 
thermore promised to see that the 
advertisement was duly inserted in 
the morning paper. She was satis- 
fied because "the word of a Westlin 
was as good as his bond." Keyed 
to the highest pitch with anticipa- 
tion, she emptied the bag of 
"pieces" on her bed, sorted them 
out, and even threaded a paper of 
needles to save time when the real 
operations should begin. Before 
Mrs. Westlin returned, her little 
business of being "Mrs. Santa 
Glaus" was so well under way that 
no amount of protest would stop 
it. For John put down a decisive 
foot against interference with the 
old lady. Hour by hour the shin- 
ing needles flew in and out and 
little garments took form like 
magic. 

One of the delighted mothers 
slipped a five-dollar bill in Grand- 
ma's hand. "I insist on your tak- 
ing it," she said. "I can't sew to 
save my life, and my little girl has 
been simply crazy for a new outfit 
for her favorite doll. She loves 
this particular doll above anything 
else and its clothes were in fraz- 
zles." She looked with approval 
at the neat little wardrobe that the 
patient fingers had wrought. "No 
this isn't one penny too much. It 
is well worth it." 

Five dollars ! Grandma blinked 
at the bill and touched it unbe- 
lievingly. What should she do 
with it? Of all the. uses that oc- 
curred to her, which would be the 
best? Or should she divide it 
among several causes? 

Interrupting her 

unaccustomed line of financial 
thought, the doorbell rang insist- 
ently, and the maid, displeased, 
ushered a small boy into Grand- 
ma's presence. He was clean but 
threadbare, and his hands were 
blue with cold. 

"Are you the lady what calls 
herself Missus Santy Glaus?" he 
asked. "I read yer ad and I 
brought yer this doll to fix up for 
my kid sister. She's lame." 

He deposited a bundle in Grand- 
ma's lap. She unrolled layers of 
newspaper and discovered a doll — 



an evident aristocrat among dolls 
— in spite of the fact that one arm 
and one leg were missing and that 
she was sadly rumpled. Little 
frozen clumps of ashes clung to her 
and smears of coal disfigured her 
face. But she had curly bobbed hair 
and flirty blue eyes with long 
lashes, and her initial cost had 
probably been large. 

Grandma surveyed doll and boy 
with interest. "Where did you 
get this?" she inquired. 

"Out'n the ashbarrel over there." 
He indicated the direction with a 
jerk of his thumb. "I hunt in the 
ashbarrels ev'ry night. Lady. 
Sometimes I find things to take 
home to my sister. She can't walk 
and she's always askin' for a doll. 
But this didn't have no clothes on 
so I brought it to you to git drest." 

"How did you know about 
me?" pursued Grandma, kindly. 

"My mother is advertisin' for 
work and I was lookin' over the 
want ads to see if hers was in. 
That's how I come across yours." 

"Have you a father?" 

"My father is dead and my 
mother goes out washin' and 
cleanin'." 

"Has your little sister always 
been lame?" 

"No'm. She was just like any 
other little girl 'til that sickness 
went around three or four years 
ago that left so many kids lame. 
But she don't seem to mind, Jennie 
don't. She makes up stories for 
herself, just as if she was readin', 
and she sings to herself, for com- 
p'ny. She's nine years old," he 
volunteered. "The neighbors like 
her and sometimes they come and 
set with her while Ma and me are 
workin'. I sell newspapers. I'm 
only twelve and you have to be a 
lot older to get a real job. If I 
could earn enough money. Lady, 
my mother would never have to 
go out to work. I'd see to that." 

"I know you would," said 
Grandma, with approval. She knew 
exactly what she would do in a 
case like this if she were in her own 
home with her own kitchen at her 
disposal. But in the home of an- 
other! "Day after tomorrow's 
Christmas," she meditated aloud. 
"I'll have to work quick. Well, 
sonny, you be sure and come back 
tomorrow night and the doll will 
be all ready for your little sister.'' 

"How much will the clothes 
cost?" he asked. He counted out 
a few hoarded pennies. "Will it 
be more than that? There's coal 



and eats to buy and maybe you 
won't think this is enough." 

"It's enough," said Grandma. 
His face shone so that her heart 
glowed responsively. 

Surely no doll was ever dressed 
with more loving care. The 
choicest remnant in the bag of 
"pieces" was a bit of pink calico, 
and Grandma cut into it happily. 
Little lengths of white muslin and 
edging were transformed into ap- 
parel of which any doll might well 
be proud, and the pink calico made 
such a gay little dress that it would 
bring cheer into the grayest sur- 
roundings. 

Grandma next turned her atten- 
tion to the making of an arm and 
a leg. Tightly rolled cotton and 
cloth answered the purpose and 
Grandma attached them to the 
doll's body with pride. She 
brushed the tangled hair strand by 
strand and restored the soiled face 
to its original cleanliness. Her ef- 
forts were repaid by a doll so irre- 
sistible that she cuddled it as if she 
were seven years old instead of 
seventy-five. Eagerly, she told the 
story to her grandson, enjoying 
his interests at sight of the rejuve- 
nated doll. "And that, John," 
she said, indicating the pink calico, 
"is a piece of the dress your own 
father wore when he was two years 
old and having his first picture 
taken. It laid in a chest in the 
attic for years — seemed as if I was 
too choice of it to ever use it. Then 
thought I, what's the use of keep- 
ing it, and I tucked it right into 
my bag of pieces. And how glad 
I am that I did. I can hardly wait 
for that boy to come back." 

In EXT morning 
Grandma scanned the advertising 
columns of The Daily News as was 
her custom, ever since her own 
profiable advertisement had ap- 
peared. Something stood out on 
the closely printed page in letters 
that seemed to her an inch high. 

"Little girl is grieving for favor- 
ite doll, thrown into ashbarrel by 
mistake. Five dollars reward if 
returned." 

"This very doll!" gasped 
Grandma. And here it was all 
ready for a little cripple who had 
never owned a doll and was pray- 
ing that Santa Glaus would bring 
her one. 

"My five dollars and the five 
dollars reward," reasoned Grandma 
— "why, we'll have some kind of 
a Christmas for her after all. ]But 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER, 1934 



733 



land alive! I'll have to get a doll 
with a boughten dress. And mercy 
me, hovt^ will I ever get around in 
the stores in the Christmas rush?" 

The house was deserted, for 
John did not come home at noon, 
the maid had received permission 
to do a personal errand, and Mrs. 
Westlin was investigating cases 
that had come to the attention of 
the charity committee of her club. 
Grandma felt that she ought not to 
delay, and that since it was not far 
to the address of the grieving little 
girl, she should essay the trip alone. 
She did not know where to find 
wrappings, so she clasped the doll 
in its gay pink calico against her 
best black coat, and started bravely 
forth. The kindly policeman on 
duty at the busy corner gave her 
the required directions, and halted 
the traffic. Many a passerby turned 
and smiled in friendly fashion at 
the sight, sensing something of 
more than usual interest in the 
intent old lady, picking her steps so 
carefully, and snuggling a bobbed- 
haired doll to her breast. 

What happened was rather a 
jumble to Grandma. She ascended 
the brown stone steps of an im- 
posing residence, and rang the en- 
trance bell. The door opened and 
she entered a great room with an 
open fireplace. There were soft 
lights and "oh — these people must 
live in the lap of luxury," she 
thought. A child's delighted cry 
rang out, and a little girl with 
curls like burnished gold, hurled 
herself into Grandma's arms and 
took her and the doll together in 
an embrace that almost took 
Grandma's breath away. 

Then there was the story to tell 
to an interested group who wanted 
to learn all about Mrs. Santa Glaus, 
the "bag of pieces," the newsboy 
who found the doll in an ashcan, 
and the little crippled girl. In the 
center of the group stood the happy 
little mother, with her restored 
treasure, hugging her doll, and 
waiting her turn to tell how the 
new nursemaid, thinking it was of 
no value because it was minus an 
arm and a leg, and likewise cloth- 
ing (its dress was being laundered 
for Christmas) , had tossed the 
cherished doll into the ashes; and 
how badly she felt when she 
learned that it was the one loved 
above all others. When she hur- 
ried to find it, it was gone. 

iHERE is no eloquence 
like that which comes from the 



Frontispiece 

"The Journey of the Wise Men" 

By J. LEO FAIRBANKS 

Head of the Art Department Oregon 

State College 

T LEO FAIRBANKS, son of the pio- 
J ■ neer Utah artist, J. B. Fairbanks, was 
well known in Utah before he accepted a 
position as head of the art department of 
the Oregon State College, Corvallis, Ore- 
gon. A brother of Avard Fairbanks, di- 
rector of art for the L. D. S. exhibit in the 
Century of Progress Exposition, Chicago, 
Professor Fairbanks assisted materially 
with that exhibit by furnishing the paint- 
ings and the stained -glass windows. 

The frontispiece this month is appropri- 
ate for Christmas, It shows the Wise 
Men on their way to seek the new King, 
Christ the Lord. 

Professor Fairbanks says: "The pic- 
ture represents the Wise Men approaching 
the City of Bethlehem to which strangers 
were directed by the heavenly symbol. As 
the lights of Jerusalem became visible, the 
men argued among themselves that the 
new King must be born in the City of the 
King; therefore, the great city should be 
their destination. The§ turned in that 
direction only to End that their worldly 
wisdom had led them astray. After all, 
they had to go to the small city to which 
they were originally directed. 'To Follow 
Divine Direction Even the Wisest Men 
Must Surrender Their Human Wisdom 
to God's Will.' This is the inscription 
that goes with the picture." 



heart and Grandma did not seem 
like a plain old lady in black, tell- 
ing a story that had largely to do 
with a piece of pink calico that had 
once been her baby boy's dress. It 
was as if the Spirit of Christmas 
itself was speaking, and every 
hearer warmed to the appeal. 

The little girl and her mother 
and father bundled Grandma into 
a big, luxurious automobile and 
insisted on taking her on a shop- 
ping trip that knew no limitations. 
If Grandma became tired she did 
not realize it in the least, for the 
simple reason that she was too 
happy to sense fatigue. 

They did not stop at buying 
one doll — or two — or three; they 
added warm bedding and clothing, 
and a Christmas tree with shining 
ornaments; books, toys, and even 
a plant with red flowers. Grand- 
ma was finally persuaded into go- 
ing to her room to rest, with the 
assurance that the others would 
call for her in the evening, to de- 
liver the gifts in person. The 
wealthy father of the little girl 
took all the more interest because 
he was on the friendliest of terms 
with John Westlin. 



At the time appointed, the small 
newsboy came, quivering with 
hope. "Is the doll all drest?" he 
asked, and peered about, vainly 
looking for it, 

"Not the doll you found but 
another, just as nice," said Grand- 
ma, and she opened the dresser 
drawer and heaped his arms with 
dolls large and small. 

"Gee!" he exclaimed, and 
"Gee!" again. "Oh, I say. Lady!" 
— and then words failed and he 
could only stare first at the precious 
armful and then at Grandma until 
his eyes blurred over with tears of 

joy. 

"Well, you know I'm Mrs. 
Santa Claus," said Grandma, 
briskly, getting into her hat and 
coat, for the autom<?bile was at the 
door. "Now come and show me 
where you live, and we will give 
your little sister a Christmas that 
is a Christmas! And me one, 
too," she added under her breath, 
for the Christmas atmosphere in 
the Westlin household was an ex- 
tremely rarified one. Grandma 
had learned long years before, that 
Christmas has very little to do with 
the giving of gifts but very much, 
with the giving of self. 

The neighbors stared when the 
handsome car rolled into their 
narrow street. The gifts were 
carried upstairs by many willing 
hands and placed outside the door 
until it was discovered that the 
crippled girl was soundly asleep. 
An empty stocking was pinned 
where Santa Claus could not fail 
to see it, for she was sure that he 
would find the way to her some- 
time even if he never had before. 

There was nothing in the room 
outside of bare necessities. "But 
it's clean — oh, scrupulously 
clean!" thought Grandma, look- 
ing about with the satisfaction of 
an expert housekeeper, as she went 
on tiptoes, placing the gifts. 

The tree was set up and quickly, 
deftly trimmed. It sparkled as if 
it understood. A warm comfort- 
able blanket was thrown over the 
bed and pretty new clothing ar- 
ranged where the lame girl's unbe- 
lieving eyes would see it the first 
thing on Christmas morning. 

As they left, after a long, satis- 
fied look, the Little Rich Girl tug- 
ged at Grandma's arm. "You be- 
lieve in Santa Claus, don't you?" 
she asked, blue eyes wide in her 
own happy faith. 

"Bless your heart, I always have 
believed in him and I always will," 



734 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 



assured Grandma, folding her close. 

"Then, what do you want Santa 
to bring you for Christmas the 
very most of all?" 

"If I whisper, you must never 
tell a soul in this world," cau- 
tioned Grandma, "for even Santa 
Glaus can't give me my heart's de- 
sire. But when you see him, just 
say to him for me that the thing 
that Grandma wants most, is to 
have her old home back again." 

"Where is your old home. 
Grandma?" Somehow the Little 
Girl felt like crying without 
knowing why. 

"It's back in the country, dear, 
many and many a mile from here — 
a little white house with green 
blinds. In summer, there's the 
loveliest garden!" Grandma, tak- 
ing her by the hand, added detail 
after detail, because it was so sel- 
dom these days that anyone seemed 
interested in her affairs. 

Jr OR hours, the Little 
Girl pondered the tale that Grand- 
ma told. She had given her prom- 
ise not to tell "a soul in this 
world," but she was not quite sure 
if Santa Glaus answered that de- 
scription or not. She finally ap- 
pealed to her father. 

"Daddy, is Santa Glaus 'a soul 
in this world'?" she inquired. 
"Because if he is not, I must write 
a letter to him." 

"No, you couldn't exactly call 
him 'a soul in this world,' for 
Santa Glaus is surely not like the 
rest of us. When you speak of a 
'soul in this world' you mean peo- 
ple," he answered, understand- 
ingly. "So now write your letter." 

Patiently the little girl toiled, 
unwilling to ask for help in com- 
position or spelling for fear that 
she would have to divulge Grand- 
ma's confidence. So it came about 
that on Christmas Day her father 
called on John Westlin to explain 
the circumstances, and put a letter 
addressed to Santa Glaus in his 
hands. 

"Dear Santa Glaus," he read. 
"This is for Grandma. She is not 
truly my grandmother but she is 
everybody's grandmother. She 
said I must not tell a soul in this 
world only you, but Daddy says 
you are not a soul in this world, 
but she wants you to give her back 
her old home. It is a white house 
ever so far back in the country, 
and she cried when she told me 
about it, she was very happy there. 
I don't think she is happy now but 



she did not say so, so please dear 
Santa Glaus, give it back to her, 
please, please do." 

"What am I to do?" said John 
Westlin, deeply affected. "I didn't 
realize that Grandma was miser- 
able. After all, it's cruelty, in spite 
of our best intentions, to uproot 
old people from their homes. I 
only thought that Grandma ought 
not to be living by herself at her 
age. I might have known that she 
would be better off where she 
knows everybody and could do as 
she pleased." 

"This is only a suggestion," of- 
fered his friend, "and you may not 
want to consider it, but let me tell 
you the story of last night. It 
would be an ideal place for those 
two children and their widowed 
mother and the woman could look 
out from Grandma and spare her 
the heavy part of the work. We 
can investigate the case and make 
sure it is worthy. Personally, I 
cannot doubt, that it is." 

On Christmas night dinner was 
served in the Westlin home with 
ceremony. Grandma dressed in 
her best black silk with white fichu 
and cameo pin, dutifully ate in 
silence, because she was present only 
in body; her spirit being back in 
the old home living over again 
the rollicking Christmas days of 
other years. There had been a 
formal exchange of gifts. 

Grandma got back 

to her room a bit stumblingly. She 
wouldn't dictate to Providence, but 
perhaps the Good Lord might 
mercifully let her spend her next 
Christmas with Grandpa. Was he 
somewhere beyond those glittering 
starways? Did he miss her too, 
this Christmas night? She spread 
the curtains wide and the great 
planet of evening swung into vis- 
ion. So must the Star of Beth- 
lehem have looked. Her heart 
thrilled to the Creator's shining 
message and her whole being was 
flooded with peace. 

"I guess I'll get me to bed, now," 
she thought. "God's in His heaven; 
it's all right." 

On the pillow lay an envelope 
with a gay Christmas seal. It was 
addressed to Grandma and she 
opened it wonderingly, looking for 
the signature first of all. When she 
read "Santa Claus" she gave a 
tremulous little laugh. 

Her hands shook so that she had 
difficulty in reading the strong, 
masculine handwriting that said: 



"Grandma : Your wish has been 
made known to me. Your little 
white home with green blinds, 
away back in the country is wait- 
ing for you to come back to it. 
I can't take you there in my sleigh 
drawn by my reindeer, much as I 
would like to; but my messenger 
has bought a railroad ticket that 
will take you there just as soon as 
you are ready to start." 
"Your friend, 

"Santa Claus." 

Grandma read the 
letter over and over again before 
she fully comprehended its mean- 
ing. Then she gave a quavering 
little scream, that John Westlin, 
waiting outside her door, heard 
with a gulp in his throat. He 
hurried into the room and Grand- 
ma threw herself into his arms, 
laughing and crying all in one 
breath. "What do you think?" 
she exclaimed, her old happy self 
again. "God has said Merry 
Christmas to me!" 

In the meantime, a second letter 
was in the hands of the little girl, 
and it too, was signed "Santa 
Claus." "Oh, Daddy," she cried, 
"what does this part of it mean?" 
And he, with a volume of Eugene 
Field's poems on his knees, turned 
the pages and found the lines: 

"You are too young to know it now. 
But sometime you will know." 

This was the message: 
"Dear Little Girl: 

"Did you know that Christmas 
is not just one day in the year? It 
is every day, because the real Christ- 
mas is in your heart. Whenever 
you do anything for anybody be- 
cause you love them, you have 
heard the echo of the angels' song 
of peace and goodwill. Those who 
listen will always hear the rustle of 
the white wings of Christmas. May 
the beautiful Christmas Spirit abide 
with you always. 

"And to make you very happy 
indeed, Santa Claus has bought 
Grandma's old home and she is 
going back to stay there as long as 
she lives. The little lame girl and 
her mother and brother will make 
their home with Grandma too, and 
by another Christmas the little 
lame girl will be strong and well. 

"I am glad that you wrote me 
that letter. It will be our secret 
and we will not tell 'a soul in this 
world.* 

"Your friend, now and always, 
"Santa Claus." 




piiP«Siipiiri 



'S?'T"™!«f 



,2wu.^ ^^^^^&l^^^^i«„^ ^,i„^ sT^ 



A Regiment of Stars in 
Bivouac 

By Solveig Paulson 

TOO closely wrapped with vast unan- 
swered truths 
Of tortured Fate and human lack, 
I looked into a midnight sky and saw 
A regiment of stars, in bivouac. 

And as I looked upon that burning mul- 
titude 

Of luminous far worlds in aged serenity. 
Eternal whys fell shattered from my lips, 

It is enough to live — Peace cradled me. 



^(V'f^^^fr— 



T)ecember 

By Rena Stotenburgh Traocus 

"DLUSTER and blow, and pelt us with 
■'-' snow, 

Then we'll be sure to remember; 
Tingle our feet, and spray us with sleet, 

That's what you came for — December. 
Bring on your gales, and let them be flails 

Beating the shelterless spaces; 
Darken the night, and take your delight 

In flinging your frost in our faces; 
You are so bold, come on with your cold. 

Give us a month to remember; 
Blizzard and blast, and rage to the last; 

Then, you arc done for — December. 



Mother^s Things 

By Bess Foster Smith 

WHEN mother passed, it seemed to fall 
to me 
To help divide her sacred souvenirs. 
They marveled that I opened box and 

drawer. 
To lay them out without a sign of tears. 

And when they spoke ahead for this and 

that, 
Or thought another had a larger share. 
Again they raised their weeping eyes at me 
Because, I guess, they thought I did not 

care. 

But there are things I want that mother 

had: 
That love that passeth all and will endure, 
That power to find content in little things. 
That steadfastness that makes things hoped 

for sure. 

Oh it was I who had the selfish wish — 
And though I guess they thought me very 

odd, 
I wanted all the things that mother had — 
Those priceless things — that she had got 

from God. 





w 



The Love of Christ 

By Grace Zenor Pratt 

E loved so many things, both you and 
I, so long ago. 
Among those things, a picture which 
we shared, a masterpiece — 



T^ha C^hrivt \\\r T-Tr^flTm^Ti- 






sweet. 
So clear, that face; exquisite like a 
dream; 
The eyes deep wells of tenderness. I seem 
To see you now, as with bowed head 
You stood, all reverent. A prayer heart- 
felt, unsaid. 

We loved so many things, just you and I, 
so long ago. 
A strain of music with a fire divine, 
A poem with a thought of god-like grace. 

And I see the rapture of your face — 
We loved so many things, just you and I. 
The sweets of earth, the good, the best and 
true 
When you were near, and I the world 
to you. 

The Christ, by Hoffman, hangs in honored 
place. 
The face serene; but pity for our blind- 
ness seems to glow 
From those deep eyes; the wisdom of the 
years 
Dissolves misunderstanding, calms our 
fears. 
We loved so many things, and this is why 
The years have made us richer — you 
and I. 



Which Was the Best 

Poem of the 

Volume? 

/Contributors of poetry to 

the pages of "The Improve- 
ment Era" are undoubtedly- 
aware that at the close of the 
volume judges go over all of the 
poetic contributions of the year 
and decide which, in their judg- 
ments, are the three best. The 
winners will be announced in a 
later number of the magazine. 
Watch for them. 

You have now seen all of the 
poetry for this year. You may 
also choose the winners. We 
shall be glad to have our readers 
write to us giving their choices. 



Christmas Gifts 

By Rachel G. Taylor 

NO pomp or glory of men 
That first birthday— 
But a gift of heavenly song 
Falling on night's calm air 
And lowly shepherds seeking the place 
Where the Christ Child lay. 

Ending the quest of the guiding star 

At a humble stable door. 

The wise men came 

From eastern lands 

Laying their gifts 

On a straw-strewn floor. 

Every year when Christmas comes 
With shining baubles gay trees we trim- 
On topmost tip 
Bright tinsel stars. 

Gifts for loved ones weighting each limb — 
What of our birthday gift for Him? 

What Does He Think? 

By Mrs. A. S. Johannesson 

WHAT does He think, these latter days. 
About our human castaways? 
***** 

With purse-proud heart and unctuous air 
The "Godly" fill the House of Prayer 
To worship, with punctilious care, 
The lowly Nazarene. 

A golden-throated organ swells. 
And lilies nod their satin bells. 
While snowy-surpliced cleric tells 

Of Him — the Nazarene. 

Outside — where Winter broods and gloats 
In broken shoes and threadbare coats. 
His children — deep in sob- racked throats 
Cry, "Help us, Nazarene!" 

Where would He be, these latter days, 
If once again He trod our ways 
And saw these tragic castaways — 
The tender Nazarene? 

Think you His simple heart would crave 
From alabaster urn to lave 
His converts, in a lofty nave — 

The humble Nazarene? 

"Do you not think that now, as then. 
He'd salvage souls of hapless men 
And feed the hungry hordes again — 
The loving Nazarene? 

And what would His disciples do? 
All genuflect, in padded pew. 
Giving but vain lip-service to 

The Christ — the Nazarene? 

"Sell all the worldly goods thou hast 
To feed the poor! And pray — and fast- — 
If thou with me thy lot would cast!" 

Thus spake the Nazarene. 
Yet— 

With frozen heart and pious air. 
The "Godly" fill His temple fair, 
Addressing, with a printed prayer, 

The heart-sick Nazarene. 



mju^ 





Who Finds Christmas? 

TVTEAR the end of every year a period of festivity 
occurs and toward it is turned the attention of 
the entire Christian world. Christmas! The 
time when all the family, some friends, some ac- 
quaintances and a few relatives must be remem- 
bered with a card, call or gift; the time when 
merchants begin to compute their returns on ad- 
vertising and clever window-displays; the time 
when many measure the warmth of others' feel- 
ing by the value of their gifts. It is the ending of 
the old year, but from it is to arise the beginning 
of the new. 

Almost buried under mountains of holly, plum 
pudding, stockings full of fruit and nuts, neckties 
and hankies, indigestible confections, delight over 
unexpected evidences of love and friendship and 
disappointment over expected ones — who finds 
Christmas? Some there arc who, undaunted by 
the formidable array of trimmings and impedi- 
menta, experience Christmas in all its loveliness. 
For Christmas should never be just a day — but 
the beauty of life and living and hope of the here- 
after boiled down into a day. It should be much 
feeling experienced in a few hours; a wealth of 
hope and faith and belief, with or without the 
carols and organ music and solemn dignity of 
cathedral or chapel. 

In order really to find Christmas, one must first 
find keen consciousness of the senses to which 
Christmas appeals, and thanksgiving for those 
senses. Eyes are a part of the Christmas spirit — 
eyes with which to see the lights on snow, stars 
in the deep blue of sky; glad expectancy on faces 
of children and the red and green of emblems 
which color streets and homes. Noses are a part 
of it, too, sharing the spiciness emanating from 
strange homes, smelling the piney tang of the 
woods as trees give forth their fragrance, whiffing 
the fresh vigor of the winter wind as it whirls 
snow into the air. Taste — for the cranberry, the 
candy-cane, the nuts and raisins, and even the 
pine-needle plucked from the Christmas tree and 
thoughtlessly chewed — comes in for gratitude; 
touch — the furry warmth of the new coat-collar, 
the smooth gloss of the pages of the longed-for 
book, the chill kiss of frost on ruddy cheeks — 
without it where were this part of the holiday? 

But for finding Christmas one must have senses 
of the soul as well as of the body! Those who 
have them are they who find Christmas. 

Some there are who, seeing into the hearts of 
others, detect discouragement, doubt, loneliness, 
despair; give the word of cheer, the pressure of 
the hand, the lift of confidence which help both 
giver and recipient. Others touch the lives of the 
too-wealthy and self-satisfied and make them 
aware of the human needs awaiting their services. 
Many think through their own pattern of living 
and find there a black thread of carelessness, a 
brown one of lack of consideration, a too-bright 



one of emphasis on valueless trifles, and determine 
to make the fabric of the year-ahead one of greater 
harmony and beauty. 

Those who find Christmas give friendship to 
friends, love to their loved ones, fidelity to faith; 
they give thought not to gifts but to Him in whose 
honor gifts are given. They give timeless gifts 
which will not fade or rust or know disintegra- 
tion, for they are gifts of the spirit. Someone has 
said that to defend a person is to give him a little 
of your heart forever. The same applies to a 
principle of belief. Conversely, to fail to defend 
is to take from people and principles your heart. 

This Christmas comes at a time when the world 
is troubled concerning matters which once were 
unquestioned. While war, perhaps, is not ram- 
pant, neither is there peace on earth, for from the 
very souls of many people peace has fled. The find- 
ing of Christmas this year will depend upon the 
finding of peace and sharing it with others. Try, as 
a present for yourself and those who are on your 
list, to give a little of your heart to those people 
and beliefs who want your heart. Clarify your 
attitudes toward disturbing conditions; find an- 
swer to the problems uppermost in preventing 
peace from becoming your companion. Seek the 
comforting influence of One born in a manger that 
first Christmas; extend love to all His children; 
find renewed faith in His teachings. Then will 
you know that there is peace on earth; then will 
you find Christmas. — E. T. B. 

jflre You Having Your 
''Eras'' Bound? 

TF you are having your volume of The Improve- 
ment Era bound, a complete index of the volume 
will be furnished to you free upon request. Please 
order soon and inclose postage for the return of 
the index. 

We urge people to bind their volumes. They 
become valuable additions to a home library. We 
have many requests to reprint stories and poems 
from back volumes. We think it would be much 
better to preserve the volumes as the world moves 
on and the magazine wishes to keep up with the 
times. If you cannot aff^ord the binding right 
now, tie your magazines together and hold them 
until you can bind them, 

Some people wish that we might so arrange our 
advertising that it could be removed from the 
magazine at binding time. We cannot so arrange 
it, but if we could we would hesitate. Our re- 
searches among old volumes of newspapers and 
magazines have proved that often the advertise- 
ments throw great light upon past events. We 
even bind our covers with our magazines. 

Don't forget, if you are binding the magazine, 
you may have the index to the entire volume for 
the postage — about three cents. 





Sunday Evening on 
Temple Square 

r\N Sunday evening at 10:30 M. S. T., people 
all over America may bring their Day of Rest 
to a satisfying close by tuning in the Great Organ. 
"The Golden Toned Missionary," played by 
Frank W. Asper, the Church organist, accom- 
panied by Richard P. Condie, tenor, will bring 
peace to the soul even in a troubled world. For 
four years the great quartette — the Old Organ, 
Frank W. Asper, William Hardiman, violinist, 
and Earl J. Glade, manager of KSL, have given 
the nation messages of peace. Recently Mr. 
Hardiman, who has left Salt Lake City, has been 
replaced by Mr. Condie. KSL is on 1130 kilo- 
cycles. 

Changes in Church Officials 

ALTHOUGH practically every member of the 
Church has already heard of the changes which 
have taken place recently among the officials and 
general authorities of the Church, we are recording 
those changes here in order that there might be a 
record in this magazine. A complete biographical 
sketch of Elder A. A. Hinckley will appear later 
as the latest addition to our series — "Greatness in 
Men." 

Changes in the First Presidency 
Owing to the death of Elder Anthony W. 
Ivins, First Counselor in the First Presidency of 
the Church, Elder J. Reuben Clark, Jr., who had 
been serving as Second Counselor, was advanced to 
the position of First Counselor, and Elder David 
O. McKay, a member of the Council of the Twelve 
Apostles, was sustained as Second Counselor in 
the First Presidency. Elder J. Reuben Clark, Jr., 
was also sustained as a member of the Council of 
the Twelve Apostles. 

Changes in the Council of the Twelve 
To fill the vacancy left when Elder McKay was 
advanced to the First Presidency, Elder Alonzo 
A. Hinckley, President of the California Mission, 
was sustained as a member of the Council of the 
Twelve Apostles. 

Changes in the First Council of Seventy 
To fill the vacancy left in the Presidency of the 
First Council of Seventy, Elder Rufus K. Hardy 
was sustained to succeed President Charles H. 
Hart, deceased. 

The California Mission Presidency 
Elder Nicholas G. Smith, who, for several years 
has been acting patriarch of the Church, has been 
selected as President of the California Mission to 
succeed President Alonzo A. Hinckley, who has 
been sustained as an Apostle, 

The Deseret Sunday School Union Board 

Elder George D. Pyper, former Second Coun- 
selor in the Superintendency of the Deseret Sunday 



School Union Board, has been sustained as Gen- 
eral Superintendent of the Board and of the 
Sunday Schools in all the world to succeed Pres- 
ident David O. McKay, who has become a mem- 
ber of the First Presidency of the Church. Elder 
Stephen L. Richards, First Counselor in the Su- 
perintendency, was released and Superintendent 
Pyper selected as his counselors Elders Milton S. 
Bennion and George R. Hill. 

Elder Stephen L. Richards was released from 
the Superintendency in order that he might de- 
vote all of his time to his work as a member of the 
Council of the Twelve Apostles. It was stated 
that the duties of members of the Council of the 
Twelve have become so arduous that members 
have little time to devote to other matters. 

Change In Presidency of Genealogical 
Society of Utah 

Elder Joseph Fielding Smith, a member of the 
Council of the Twelve Apostles, has been sustain- 
ed as President of the Genealogical Society of 
Utah, succeeding President Anthony W. Ivins, 
who held that position up to the time of his death. 

All of these brethren are so well known to the 
membership of the Church that nothing more will 
be said of them at this time. Sketches of their 
lives will appear at a later date. 

The Deseret News Receives 
Recognition 

"y^HEN, owing to many causes, the Public 
Library of New York City was forced to 
reduce the number of newspapers which it keeps 
in its archives, only four papers published outside 
of New York City were retained on the list. The 
Deseret News was one of these. 

The Deseret News was established in June, 
1850, in Salt Lake City, and has been published 
continuously since that date. It began as a weekly, 
but as conditions changed it was made a daily. 
For some years it published both a weekly and a 
daily and at one time a semi-weekly and a daily. 
At present it is published daily except Sunday, 
with a magazine section and Church Supplement 
on Saturday. 

Since its beginning the News has more or less 
featured local and inter-mountain features, believ- 
ing that its readers were more interested in the 
affairs of this region than in syndicated articles 
purchased by the tons from syndicates. The de- 
cision of the New York Public library bears testi- 
mony to the soundness of the policy. The Deseret 
News has, in a unique way, been for eighty-four 
years the voice of this inter-mountain region and is 
highly deserving of the confidence imposed in it by 
what is undoubtedly one of the greatest libraries 
in the world. 

The four newspapers chosen for the archives of 
the library are The Deseret News, The Christian 
Science Monitor, The San Francisco Chronicle, 
and The Boston Transcript. 



738 



UGHTS and SHADOWS on the SCREEN 



Age of Innocence (R, K. O.) : 

Study of social-moral values of New 
York in the '80's. Story of love and 
sacrifice which gives much food for 
thought. Mature. 

Barretts of Wimpole Street 
(M. G. M.) : Brilliant screen version 
of the love story of Robert Browning 
and Elizabeth Barrett told with sub- 
tlety and good taste. Mature. 

Caravan (Fox) : Gypsy romance 
which sets feet to dancing and hearts 
to singing. Family. 

House of Rothschild (20th 

Century) : Superb production, with 
acting, setting, direction and emotional 
appeal fascinating. Family, 

Judge Priest (fox) : Will 
Rogers in the perfect story of post- 
war Kentucky. Family, and delightful. 

The Last Gentleman {20th 

Century) : Crisp, unique and refresh- 
ing, this Arliss picture combines gen- 
uine pathos and sentiment with some 
of the best humor of the season. Fam^ 
ily. 

One Night of Love (Colum.) : 
A musical production not to be missed. 
Both story and singing are lovely. 
Family. 

Queen Christina (M. G. M.) : 
Not exactly accurate historically, the 
picture still carries historical value. 
Except for one scene it is wholly lovely. 
Mature. 

Of Human Bondage (R. K.O.): 
Unforgettable performance, in which 
Englishman's bondage to cheap little 
waitress becomes tragically real. Ma- 
ture. 

Servant's Entrance (Fox) : 
Poor little rich girl masquerades as 
servant to prove her worth. Family. 

Treasure Island (Para.) : Full 
of blood and thunder, the picture 
carries much of the charm of the book. 
Family. 

Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage 
Patch (Para.) : Picture of tears and 
laughter will appeal as did the book 
to the Family. 

Viva Villa (M. G. M.): Power- 
fully vivid drama of Mexico which 
will thrill some and chili others. Ma- 
ture. 

The World Moves On (Fox) : 
Excellent portrayal which ties America 
into the World War and shows what 
war did to human and international 
relations. Family. 

All Men Are Enemies (Fox): 
A man's desire for freedom and romance 
in the Island of Capri frustrated by the 
war and convention. Those who are 
sensitive to beautiful emotional influ- 
ences will respond completely to this. 
Family. 

, As the Earth Turns (Warners) : 
Slow-moving, but full of pleasant, 
homely drama. Family. 



*VHE groups of organizations 
^ judging the pictures and pre- 
senting estimates representative 
of their united opinions are: 
Nat' I Daughters of the American 
Revolution; Nat' I Society New 
England Women; General Feder- 
ation Women's Clubs; Califor- 
nia Congress of Parents and 
Teachers; Nat'l Council Jewish 
Women; Women's University 
Club. Audience classifications 
indicate, roughly the following: 
Children — up to 14 years of age; 
Adolescents — up to 18 years; 
Young People — 18 to 25 years; 
Adults — above 25 years. The 
advice of the preview committees 
is, "Select your pictures. Go to 
those you know are of fine type. 
Stay away from those that you 
know are trashy or objectionable. 
Your admission ticket is a definite 
contribution toward setting stan- 
dards of production." 



Baby Takes a Bow (Fox) : A 
small star rises above a mediocre story- 
which combines slapstick, melodrama, 
underworld touches and sensationalism. 
Family. 

Blind Date (Colum.) : Modern 
Cinderella romance in which family 
scenes supply diverting comedy and 
appeal. Family. 

British Agent (Warners) : Ex- 
cellent portrayal, yet the play somehow 
lacks life. Mature. 




SHIRLEY TEMPLE IN "BRIGHT EYES" 



Jane Eyre (Monogram) : The 
old story well presented. Mature. 

Great Expectations (Univ.): 
A good story, well-told, and carrying 
an atmosphere of Dickens, without the 
confusion of too many characters. 
Family. 

We Live Again (United Art.): 
The compelling story of old Russia, 
with the death of a girl's soul and her 
resurrection, and that of a young 
prince, coming through renunciation 
and cleansing. Adults. 

What Every Woman Knows 
(M. G. M.)\ Delightful presentation 
of Barrie's play. Family. 

Anne of Green Gables (R. K. 

O.) : Simple story of the orphan girl 
adopted by a spinster and her slow- 
spoken brother and the wholesome ef- 
fect her quaint personality has upon 
them. Nice balance of humor and 
pathos. Family, 

Girl of the LimberLOST (Mon- 
ogram) : Acceptable story of a coun- 
try girl's battle for education and her 
triumph. Regrettably that part of the 
book which dealt with nature — 
moths, woods and birds — is almost 
ignored. Family. 

Bachelor of Arts (Fox) : Sin- 
cere, inspirational picture of college 
life, with the fine understanding of 
faculty men counteracting the com- 
munistic tendencies of a wealthy stu- 
dent. Family. 

The Curtain Falls (Chester- 
field) : A broken, penniless old ac- 
tress has one last fling at life, masquer- 
ading as a lady of wealth. Not par- 
ticularly important, but pleasing. Fam- 
ily. 

Fugitive Lady (Colum.) : A well- 
knit plot in which many parallel lines 
of action weave into a swift, interesting 
climax. Family. 

Outcast Lady (M. G.M.): The 
"Green Hat" has been cleaned up for 
the screen, and has lost nothing of its 
dramatic appeal thereby. It's a good 
story of a sister's gripping love for her 
brother, but it leaves one wondering, 
as did the book, whether people really 
act that way or not. Adults and 
Young People. 

There's Always Tomorrow 
(Univ.): A wholesome story of a 
family brought back to normal and 
saved from wreckage. Clean, cheer- 
ful and agreeable. Family. 

Wednesday's Child (R. K. O.) : 

The unfortunate boy, doomed to sor- 
row because he was born on Wednes- 
day, lives in a broken home, drawn two 
ways when his parents separate. From 
his hardened determination to live his 
own life he is rescued by his father. 
Adults and Young People. 




New Appointees on Music Committee 

T)RESIDENT HEBER J. GRANT has named six new members to serve 
on the Church Music Committee. Their names are; Bishop David 
A. Smith, Frank W. Asper, Gerrit de Jong, Lester Hinchcliff, Alfred H. 
Durham, and Sister Matilda W. Cahoon. 

In addition to these new appointees the organization is made up of 
the following: Melvin J. Ballard. Chairman; George D. Pyper, Secretary 
and First Assistant Chairman; Edward P. Kimball, 2nd Assistant Chair- 
mann Tracy Y. Cannon; Anthony C. Lund; Sisters Ida P. Beal and Evan- 
geline T. Beesley. 

A special committee is making a study of music conditions in the 
Church with a view to adjusting certain conflicts now existing and correct- 
ing other undesirable conditions which seem to be detrimental to sound 
progress in Church music. 

Subcommittees have been appointed on Choristers and Organists, liter- 
ature, Inter-Relations and Publication. 



Christfnas Messages in Song 

TT is most fitting that choirs and other 
singing organizations of the Church 
at this Christmas time should tell again 
the beautiful story in the most effective 
way that any story can be told, namely, 
to the accompaniment of a fine musical 
setting. I am sure that nothing can be 
more convincingly presented than a 
good message accompanied by music of 
a high order. Of course it is important 
that the story is worth being told. 

The first consideration on the part 
of our music directors should be to find 
a message that is in harmony with the 
restored gospel; the second consider- 
ation is to find a good musical setting. 
Of course we are very anxious to have 
both the good story and the good music 
go together. No matter how splendid 
the music, if the story has no merit the 



song will be more or less like a sound- 
ing brass or a tinkling cymbal. In the 
literature of the Church may always 
be found a text worthy to be told. 
And I am also happy to say that gen- 
erally this text is accompanied by a 
good musical setting. There is no serv- 
ice rendered by the workers of the 
Church more acceptable to the Lord 
and more pleasing to the people than 
the service performed by our choirs 
who spend so much time in preparation 
and then give the people a great uplift 
through their excellent presentations. 

I trust that the people throughout 
the whole Church will receive inspira- 
tion from the glorious music that will 
be presented at this Christmas-tide, and 
that our singing groups will prepare 
themselves to do the finest job they 
have ever done. The Lord bless them 



for this great missionary service they 
are performing! 

Sincerely your brother, 
Melvin J. Ballard. 

Chairman Church Music 
Committee. 

Christm^as Music 

■yHE members of the Church Music 
■*■ Committee are frequently asked to 
suggest appropriate hymns and an- 
thems for the Christmas season and in 
answer to these questions we suggest 
the following: 
Temple Anthems, Vol. H: 

"Gloria," by Mozart (Mixed). 
"Christmas Day," by Stephens 
(Ladies) . 
Deseret Anthems, Vol. L 

Arise, Shine for That Light is 
Come," Elvey (Mixed). 
Deseret Anthems, Vol. II: 

"Behold a Star Appcareth," — Rob- 
ertson (Mixed) . 
The above are for sale at the Deseret 
Book Co., 44 E. So. Temple St., 
Salt Lake City, Utah. 
The N and M Church Collection'. 
25 Christmas Carols and Choruses 

(Mixed), 12 Cents a copy. 
Standard Christmas Carols (Pub- 
lished by Lorenz) (Mixed 10c 
per copy), Ladies 15c copy, 15 
Carols. 
The last two collections on sale at 
Beesley Music Company, 61 So. 
Main, Salt Lake City, Utah, or at 
local music stores. 
L. D. S. Hymns: 

Nos. 241, 260, 304, 346. 
Deseret Songs: 28, 81, 102, 122, 
174, 214. 221. 



♦>- 



-•itx'^Vsi'- 



-<* 



THE" IRED CROSS REACHES INTO MILLIONS OF HOMES 



•yHE Red Cross — as a symbol of serv- 
■"• ice or a symbol of mercy — touches 
the lives of millions of Americans. 

In five years of economic depression 
and partial recovery Red Cross has 
given direct relief to one out of every 
five persons in the United States. 
These were victims of unemployment, 
drought, tornado, flood, earthquake 
and other catastrophes. 

An average of 100 disasters each 
year call for Red Cross aid to thou- 
sands of sufferers, who are given food, 
clothing, shelter, medical aid and help 
in regaining self-support. 

More than a million men and wom- 
en, boys and girls, wear the insignia 
of Red Cross Life Saving or First Aid. 
These safety services were taught this 



year to 70,000 men employed on fed- 
eral relief projects and to key men in 
every Civilian Conservation Camp. 

Each year a quarter million disabled 
ex-service men and dependents, and 
men in the regular Army, Navy and 
Marine Corps and their families receive 
the friendly assistance of the Red Cross 
worker. 

Red Cross public health nurses visit 
the sick in city and rural homes. They 
have aided at the birth of more than 
19,000 babies during the depression 
years and also made 1,289,000 visits 
to or in behalf of more than 100,000 
maternity cases. Thousands of children 
reached by these nurses, have had con- 
ditions of malnutriiton discovered and 
checked. 



In homes and in institutions the 
blind are furnished with braille litera- 
ture through the skill of Red Cross 
braille workers who print thousands of 
these books. 

Almost 7,000,000 school boys and 
girls, members of the Junior Red Cross, 
wear buttons with the motto "I Serve." 

To carry on this humanitarian work 
more than 100.000 men and women 
volunteer their services through the 
3,700 Chapters and 10.000 Red Cross 
branches which cover the nation. 

Four million men and women join 
the Red Cross as members every year. 
Their membership dues furnish the 
funds for Red Cross work. 



740 




Melchizedek Work to be 
in Bulletin 

•yHE work of the Melchizedek Priest- 
■*■ hood Quorums will be carried on 
largely through instructions which will 
be given in bulletins during 1935, 
Even more emphasis will be placed 
upon the monthly quorum meeting, 
but full instructions for each month 
will be given in the quarterlies which 
will be issued from time to time, 

A preview of the year's work will 
probably appear in these pages at a later 
date. 

Needed Qualifications For 

You and Me 

Missionaries — Seventies 

Wholeheartedness: Success in all that 
you do; diligence. 

Faith: Assurance, built upon convic- 
tion of the truth. 

Hope: Quality of good cheer; sun- 
shine of your soul. 

Charity: The sum of virtues; pure 
love of God; unselfishness. 

Virtue: Sum of desirable qualities; 
strength; patience; courage; love; 
self-control; endurance. 

Knowledge: Source of wisdom in all 
that you may teach. 

Temperance: Control in all things; 
speech, thought, emotions, appetite, 
relaxation, feelings. 

Patience: Forebearance; willing to 
give or take to endure. 

Brotherly Kindness: Brotherhood of 
man; One is your Master. 

Godliness: An ideal; an aspiration; 
to be like God; holiness. 

Humility: The sweetness of human 
nature; tolerance. 

Prayerfulness: Source of strength, 
wisdom, power, love; the only ac- 
cess unto God; soundness of your 
mind. 

Ambition: Not unholy; to achieve; 
honor for the truth. 

Industry: Ability to drive yourself; 
mental activity; doing tasks that may 
seem to you, distasteful. 

Persistence: Endurance; plans put 
over; qualities of the plodders; stick- 
to-it-iveness for the right. 

Dependability: Doing tasks assigned 
you; to be relied upon. 

Forcefulness: Self-reliance; control; 
plenty of reserve power. 

Self Confidence: Know your capabil- 
ities; conscious of your power to do, 
to succeed for righteousness. 

Friendliness: Appreciation of others; 
lean not too much on others; toler- 
ance is its right hand. 

Adaptability: Mental pliability; able 



to listen to other's plans; power to 
meet the situation. 
Tact: Ability to fit in; team work; 
always giving credit where it is due; 
harmonizing ability. 

The Seventies Manual 

■THE Seventies Manual, a study in 
■*■ outline of the "Basic Principles of 
Spiritual Progress," is now in the hands 
of all the seventies of the Church. The 
brochure, consisting of twelve well- 
written lessons, deals with the funda- 
mental principles by which we attain 
spiritual life, and is summarized in the 
preface as follows: 1. Finding God; 
2. Becoming Worthy of Him; 3. Com- 
ing into Union with Him; 4. Coming 
into Fellowship with Him; 5. Com- 
ing into Partnership with Him. The 
author in the first chapter takes up the 
meaning of religion, and establishes the 
truth that religion is to bring us to an 
understanding of God. It is the spir- 
itual power which connects our lives 
with God and His purposes. Then 
follow chapters on Salvation, The Mis- 
sion of the Savior, The First Principles 
of the Gospel: Faith, Repentance, and 
Baptism, and the Laying on of Hands 
for the Gift of the Holy Ghost. There 
are also chapters on the Kingdom of 
God and the Abundant Life together 
with other subjects which are In keep- 
ing with the title of the manual. While 
all these subjects arc and will always be 
the basic themes for Gospel study, the 
author has given a new approach to 
them. 

The unifying purpose of the study 
of the Gospel is a knowledge of the 
Kingdom of God, which is a real King- 
dom, with Christ our Lord at the Head 
as King of Kings. It is a Kingdom 
that can only be earned by obedience 
to the principles of eternal life that 
were taught by the Master. It is a 
place where spiritual power in the 
widest sense becomes the life of every 
one who attains unto the Kingdom, 
and the glory of It all lies in the fact 
that the beauty of the Kingdom Is in- 
creased by our living near to God, in 
humble service. 

The Seventies Manual like all out- 
lines should be a guide to an under- 
standing of the subjects considered. 
Prescribed lessons should not be given 
by rote, nor are they Intended to do 
the thinking for the student. The 
Manual Is a guide book, and is there- 
fore a help In understanding the sub- 
jects that are written about by the 
author. Every one of the seventies 
should remember that knowledge is 
making truth a part of his personality, 
and this Is done only as he thinks and 
relates the subject to his own life. 
Every brother who speaks should couch 



his thought in his own simple language. 
"Practice makes perfect." The oftener 
one can express one's thoughts, the 
more efficient one becomes In speaking. 

The student (every seventy is a stu- 
dent) should react to every lesson 
studied, for it deals with a realization 
and enrichment of life. Every lesson 
should put the student in a spiritual 
state of mind. Much of the subject 
matter may be forgotten, but the out- 
come of a Sunday's lesson must be a 
changed life from yesterday to a richer 
life of today. The student says with 
the prophet of old: "Here will I abide, 
and I will forever seek that which Is 
just and good." 

The treatment by the author of the 
Ordinances of the Gospel Is enlarging 
in thought. The writer Illustrates his 
themes with well chosen stories, but the 
reader must remember that In studying 
these ordinances the principles behind 
them are higher than the ordinances 
themselves. The life of religion is of 
first importance. Every quorum should 
have as good a teacher as is available. 
Teaching is an art and the teacher is 
an artist, for it Is he who has the power 
to stimulate an Interest in every lesson 
that Is assigned for study. The author 
carefully avoids all arguments, but 
encourages a free and open discussion 
on every subject, and every member of 
the class respects the opinion of every 
other one. The teacher carefully guides 
the discussion, and no expression or 
thought is considered as trivial. It is 
always the honest expression of an hon- 
est student. At the close of the hour, 
the teacher brings the points together, 
and summarizes the entire lesson in 
such a manner, that every seventy 
leaves the meeting with a vital truth 
of religion which becomes a guiding 
light and inspiring thought in his life. 

While the author of the manual 
mentions a great many writers, the 
average reader and student must not 
become confused, and feel disappointed 
If he does not understand every quo- 
tation or bit of philosophy that may 
be brought In to vivify the lessons. 
Try to obtain from every lesson one 
fine thought and weave it into your 
life as a personal impression, evoked 
by something that has been read or 
told In the meeting. 

The author of this brochure has no 
desire to impress upon the minds of 
others a slavish copy of the principles 
taught, but on the contrary, he hopes 
merely to make room for the answering 
contribution of his partners In the class 
and to Impress upon every brother the 
truth and glory of the divine prin- 
ciple that is given in every lesson. — 
Levi Edgar Young, First Council of 
Seventy. 



741 




Ward Teacher s Message, January, 1935 



Family Prayer 

"All things whatsoever ye shall ask in 
prayer, believing, ye shall receive," Matt. 
21:22, 

■pROM the dawn of history prayer 
has been one of man's greatest 
sources of comfort, solace, faith and 
power. 

In our Church both individual and 
family prayer have been -taught from 
the beginning. There has been no 
change in that teaching. Latter-day 
Saints are urged to engage in both 
secret and family prayer. 

In the revelations (see D. ^. C, 
Sec. 66, Revelation on Prayer, and 
Sec. 68, verses 28 and 33) it is made 
clear that members of the Church are 
to pray and to teach their children to 
pray. These instructions are given: 
"Pray unto the Lord, call upon His 
holy name." * * * "And they shall 
teach their children to pray and to 
walk uprightly before the Lord." * * 
"And a commandment I give unto 
them, that he that observeth not his 
prayers before the Lord in the season 
thereof, let him be had in remembrance 
before the judge of my people." 

In days like these, described a hun- 
dred years ago in prophecy as "the days 



Teaching in the 
Home 

QUDME Things Necessary: Among 
those duties are: 

To pray in secret, and with the com- 
panion appointed to labor with you. 

To get acquainted with those as- 
signed to your watchcare. 

To visit each family at least once a 
month, carrying the bishop's message, 
and giving such further advice, exhor- 
tation, counsel and comfort as the 
spirit shall give you utterance. 

Be where most needed in case of 
sickness, trouble or death among your 
little flock. 

If assistance of a temporal nature is 
required, make requisition and report 
fully the circumstances calling for it. 

Attendance at the monthly meetings 
of ward teachers to ascertain what is 
wanted by the bishopric under whom 
this work is done, and to make such 
report as shall be called for. 

To get imbued with the message to 
the ward, the topic for the month, and 
study the scriptures, to be able to 
properly carry and teach it. 

Make full and prompt written re- 
port of your activities and failures. 



to come," that family which engages 
in regular family prayer is unified, 
strengthened and fortified against temp- 
tation and trouble. Today in thou- 
sands of Latter-day Saint homes this 
important duty is discharged religiously 
and the blessings of the Lord are re- 
ceived. In other homes it has ceased. 
This is regrettable. 

What should we pray for? The 
Lord's Prayer answers that question. 
It is a model. The Savior said: "After 
this manner shall ye pray." Some may 
say, "Why should we pray audibly 
when the Lord can understand our very 
thoughts? If we were speaking di- 
rectly to Him would we not speak 
audibly?" 

Brigham Young said: "In our 
family circles let every heart be united 
with the one who takes the lead by 
being mouth before the Lord, and let 
every person mentally repeat the 
prayers and all unite in whatever is 
asked for, and the Lord will not with- 
hold, but will give to such persons the 
things which they ask for and rightly 
need." 

The principal objective of Ward 
Teaching suggested for January, 1935, 
is to bring about a revival of the prac- 
tice of family prayer in the homes of 
the Saints. 

^4 



Additional Suggestions for 

Ward Teachers 

(From Discourses of Brigham Young) 

TA7"HEN you get up in the morning, 
before you suffer yourselves to 
eat one mouthful of food, call your 
wife and children together, bow down 
before the Lord, ask him to forgive 
your sins, and protect you through the 
day, to preserve you from temptation 
and all evil, to guide your steps aright, 
that you may do something that day 
that shall be beneficial to the Kingdom 
of God on the earth. Have you time 
to do this? Elders, sisters, have you 
time to pray? 15:36. 

Say your prayers always before go- 
ing to work. Never forget that. A 
father — the head of the family — should 
never miss calling his family together 
and dedicating himself and them to the 
Lord of Hosts, asking the guidance 
and direction of His Holy Spirit to 
lead them through the day — that very 
day. Lead us this day, guide us this 
day, preserve us this day, save us from 
sinning against thee or any being in 
heaven or on earth this day! If we do 
this every day, the last day we live we 
will be prepared to enjoy a higher 
glory. 12:26L 



We may say that our work drives us 
and that we have not time to pray, 
hardly time to eat our breakfasts. Then 
let the breakfasts go, and pray; get 
down upon our knees and pray until 
we are filled with the spirit of peace. 
10:174. 

It matters not whether you or I feel 
like praying, when the time comes to 
pray, pray. If we do not feel like it, 
we should pray till we do. And if 
there is a heavy storm coming on and 
our hay is likely to be wet, let it come. 
You will find that those who wait till 
the Spirit bids them pray, will never 
pray much on this earth. Such people 
would come to meeting and look at 
each other and then when they had 
stayed as long as they felt inclined, 
address their brethren with — "Good- 
bye, I am going home," and then leave. 
But when the time comes to have 
prayers, let them be made, and there 
will be no danger. 13:155. 

There are times and places when all 
should vocally repeat the words spoken, 
but in our prayer meetings and in our 
family circles let every heart be united 
with the one who takes the lead by 
being mouth before the Lord, and let 
every person mentally repeat the 
prayers, and all unite in whatever is 
asked for, and the Lord will not with- 
hold, but will give to such persons the 
things which they ask for and rightly 
need. 3:53. 

If I could not master my mouth, 
I would my knees, and make them 
bend until my mouth would speak. 
"But the cattle are in the corn." Let 
them eat; you can attend to them when 
you have finished praying. Let the 
will of man be brought into subjection 
to the law of Christ — to all the ordi- 
nances of the house of God. What, in 
his darkness and depression? Yes; for 
that is the time to prove whether one 
is a friend of God, that the confidence 
of the Almighty may increase in His 
Son. We should so live that our con- 
fidence and faith may increase in Him. 
We must go further than that. Let us 
so live that the faith and confidence of 
our Heavenly Father may increase to- 
wards us, until He shall know that we 
will be true to Him under any and all 
circumstances and at all times. When 
in our darkness and temptation we arc 
found faithful to our duty, that in- 
creases the confidence of our God in 
us. He sees that we will be His serv- 
ants. 7:164. 

If the Devil says you cannot pray 
when you are angry, tell him it is none 
of his business, and pray until that 
species of insanity is dispelled and 
serenity is restored to the mind. 10: 

175, 

(Continued on page 749) 



742 







:a^. 



"j 










1. 

2. 
3. 



One Million Assignments to be filled by Aaronic Priesthood Members 
in 1935. Every ward to do its share. 

Every member of the Aaronic Priesthood to fill one or more assignments 
during the year. 

A campaign of clean living to be conducted in all Aaronic Priesthood 
quorums throughout the year. This will include clean thoughts, 
speech, actions, clean bodies and clean living in every respect. 



Three-Foint Program Gets 
Under Way January First 

/^NE of the most definite and import- 
^"^ ant steps in planning for progress 
is a definite objective — an aim — a mark 
to shoot at. The Aaronic Priesthood 
is to have a three-point program as its 
objective for 1935. This program 
covers all phases of quorum activity 
and in addition includes special mis- 
sionary activity and educational ob- 
jectives. 

The first objective centers about 
activity. The aim is to have members 
of the Church holding the Aaronic 
Priesthood fill one million assignments 
as quorum members in 1935. 

The second objective is missionary 
work. The aim is to induce every 
person in the Church holding the 
Aaronic Priesthood to fill at least one 
assignment during the year — to do at 
least one thing for the Church as a 
quorum member. 

The third objective is educational — 
to teach clean living, clean thoughts, 
clean speech, clean actions, clean bodies 
— all phases of clean living. 

To fill one million assignments in 
1935 will mean an increase of ap- 
proximately fifty percent. But it can 
be done. It is only a fraction of the 
assignments that would be filled if each 
member of the quorums would meet 
one-fourth of the standard set which 
is one assignment each week for every 
quorum member. One ward alone last 
year filled nearly 11,000 assignments. 
We should begin to organize imme- 
diately to be ready for January 1st 
with every ward ready to do its full 
share. 

To induce every member of the 
Aaronic Priesthood to fill one or more 
assignments will require efiicicnt or- 
ganization and planning and kindly, 
persistent follow-up. But it is very 
much worth while. It is the duty of 
every quorum to look after its mem- 
bers. This should be the first step in 
securing regular Church activity. 



To meet the serious situation facing 
our young people quorum supervisors 
should take advantage of every op- 
portunity to teach high standards. 
Church ideals and proper living. Clean 
living — clean thoughts, clean speech, 
clean actions, clean bodies and other 
phases of clean living — embodies most 
of the teachings of Church ideals. If 
we can implant in the hearts of our 
young men this fine, wholesome stan- 
dard of cleanliness, in all that it im- 
plies, we should not have many other 
things to worry about. At least it is 
one of the important »phases of Church 
teaching, including as it does morality, 
chastity, Word of Wisdom, abstaining 
from profanity, etc. 

Here is a definite program of objec- 
tives for every quorum. Here is a 
definite opportunity for every super- 
visor to make Priesthood quorum ac- 
tivity express itself in the life of every 
member. Now is the time to begin to 
prepare for its successful application in 
every ward in the Church. 

New Aaronic Priesthood 

Report System Now 

Functioning 

•yHE new Aaronic Priesthood report 
■*■ system which has been developed 
after months of study and consider- 
ation iis now in effect. Report books 
have been sent to all stakes covering 
the balance of 1934 and all of 1935. 
The reports are in triplicate, providing 
a copy for the bishopric and the 
Aaronic Priesthood committee in the 
ward and for the stake presidency and 
the stake committee in the stake. The 
third copy in each case remains in the 
book for permanent record. 

The ward report is to be made by 
the ward Aaronic Priesthood com- 
mittee with the chairman responsible 
for seeing that it is done. The stake 
report is to be made by the stake 
Aaronic Priesthood committee with the 
responsibility resting upon the chair- 



man. Stake and ward clerks arc not 
responsible for making the reports al- 
though their cooperation is necessary 
in compiling the section covering 
Aaronic Priesthood correlation com- 
mittee activities. Complete detailed 
information and instructions with sug- 
gestions for securing the required in- 
formation are printed in all books. 
The full scope of Aaronic Priesthood 
activities is covered in the one report 
which combines both the former 
Aaronic Priesthood quorum report and 
the Aaronic Priesthood correlation re- 
port. It also includes Adult Aaronic 
Priesthood activities. 

Pioneer Adult Aaronic 

Priesthood Group Holds 

Second Anniversary 

Program' 

•pHE Adult Aaronic Priesthood class 
■*• of the 28 th Ward in Salt Lake 
Stake, the pioneer group of the 
Church in this activity, celebrated its 
second successful year with an anni- 
versary program held recently. The 
group conducted the regular ward sac- 
rament meeting, providing the entire 
program from members of the class. 
Some of the interesting "highlights" of 
the program and the results of the class 
are these: 

This was the fourth sacrament 
meeting conducted by the group. The 
secretary who made the report has been 
a member of the Church only 18 
months and is now a Priest. The 
class was organized September 18, 
1932, with 5 members present. The 
present enrollment is 84. Only one 
regular weekly meeting has been missed 
in two years, which happened when 
Christmas day fell on Sunday. There 
have been 100 ordinations of Priests, 
Teachers and Decaons among members 
of the group. The class has been re- 
sponsible for ten baptisms into the 
Church. Fourteen members of the 
group have been made Elders, one 



1, 



One Million Assignments 
IN 1935. Every Ward to 
DO ITS Share. 



2, 



Every Aaronic Priest- 
hood Member to fill one 
OR MORE Assignments. 



3, 



All Leaders to Teach 
Clean Living — Thoughts 
— Speech — Actions. 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA, DECEMBER. 1934 



743 



of whom is now in the presidency 
of the Elders quorum. Three members 
are teachers in the Sunday School and 
one has been called to special work in 
the Aaronic Priesthood. Two mem- 
bers are now in the ward M. I. A. 
presidency and one is Scoutmaster. The 
group has given two parties, presented 
three one-act plays and conducted an 
outing excursion. A special entertain- 
ment was provided to assist the ward 
budget. Two supervisors and 20 
members of the class cover 10 blocks 
in ward teaching and have had 100% 
records for five months. 30 members 
are doing active committee work. Four 
members of the group have performed 
baptisms. 

Adult Aaronic Priesthood 
Lessons 

Prepared by Elder George W. Skid- 
more, Adult Aaronic Priesthood 
Supervisor, Logan Ninth Ward, 
Cache Stake 

(Continued from November) 

Lesson Twenty-Nine 

1. Certain Sacrifices Discontinued 
through the Atonement of Christ. 

2. The Last Supper. 

3. Establishment of Sacrament in 
this Dispensation. 

4. Words of Blessing of Sacrament 
revealed in Book of Mormon and in 
Doctrine and Covenants. 

5. Parts of the Ordinance — Break- 
ing Bread — Pouring water — ^Blessing 
— Passing. 

6. In Remembrance of What? 

7. Frequency. 

8. Who may officiate. 

9. Who may Partake. 

10. Blessings or Condemnations on 
Part of those who Partake. 

1 1 . How the Ordinance is misun- 
derstood and perverted. 

12. Encourage members of the class 
to attend Sacrament Meetings. 

References 

Articles of Faith by Talmage, Lec- 
ture 9, pages 175 to 183, with all 
Scriptural References contained therein. 
Compendium, pages 182 to 183. 

Lesson Thirty 

1. Review of Lessons Twenty-six, 
Twenty-seven, Twenty-eight and 
Twenty-nine. 

2. A short talk by a member of the 
class on the First Principles of the 
Gospel. 

(See to it that members of the class 
take part in the review. They have 
heard it all before in the class. Because 
of lack of preparation members cannot 
take much part when the various les- 
sons are first presented. These review 
lessons are especially intended for active 



participation on the part of the mem- 
bers. Do not allow the aids to monop- 
olize the time.) 

Lesson Thirty-One 

1. Read the Word of Wisdom in 
Full. 

2. Given by Revelation. 

3. For all Saints. 

4. A Principle with Promise. 

5. Why given. Evils and Designs 
in the Hearts of conspiring men. 

6. Strong Drink. 

7. Tobacco. 

8. Hot Drinks. 

9. Meat sparingly and in Famine 
and Cold. 

10. Herbs and Grains. 

1 1 . The Promises — Health — Wis- 
dom — Great Treasures — Run and not 
Weary — ^Walk and not Faint — De- 
stroying Angel to Pass by. 

(By this time the members of the 
class will be willing to listen to the 
Word of Wisdom.) 

References 

Doc. and Gov.. Sec. 89. Refer to 
Daniel and his three associates abstain- 
ing from rich foods and eating pulse. 

Lesson Thirty-Two 

1. Tithes Paid by Abraham and 
Jacob. 

2. Tithes in the Time of Moses. 

3. Israel Brought Tithes of all 
Things. 

4. Malachi Taught Tithing. 

5. Section 119, Doctrine and Cove- 
nants. 

6. Covenant of Joseph Smith and 
Oliver Cowdery on Tithing. 

7. They who Pay Tithing shall not 
be burned. 

8. Soul Happiness and Satisfaction 
comes to them who pay Tithing. 

9. Set the example and Teach Tith- 
ing to your children. 

(Lesson on Tithing has been pur- 
posely withheld until now.) 

References 

Gen. 14:20; 28:22; Deut. 14:22, 
23; II Chron. 31:5, 6; Malachi 3:8. 
Doc. and Gov., Sec 119; Journal of 
Discourses, Vol. I, page 5 1 ; Doc. and 
Gov.. Sec. 64:23, 24. Hist, of Church, 
Vol. 2, pages 174, 175; Vol. 4, page 
440. Gospel Doctrine, Chapter 13, 
pages 282 to 299. 

{To be Continued) 

Joseph Smithes Own Story 

Extracts from his History 
Written in 1838 

(Continued from November) 

"42. Again, he told me that when 
I got those plates of which he had 
spoken — for the time that they should 
be obtained was not yet fulifillcd — I 



should not show them to any person; 
neither the breastplate with the Urim 
and Thummim ; only to those to whom 
I should be commanded to show them; 
if I did I should be destroyed. While 
he was conversing with me about the 
plates, the vision was opened to my 
mind that I could see the place where 
the plates were deposited, and that so 
clearly and distinctly that I knew the 
place again when I visited it. 

"43. After this communication, I 
saw the light in the room begin to 
gather immediately around the person 
of him who had been speaking to me, 
and it continued to do so, until the 
room was again left dark, except just 
around him, when instantly I saw, as 
it were, a conduit open right up into 
heaven, and he ascended till he entirely 
disappeared, and the room was left as 
it had been before this heavenly light 
had made its appearance. 

"44. I lay musing on the singularity 
of the scene, and marveling greatly at 
what had been told to me by this extra- 
ordinary messenger; when, in the midst 
of my meditation, I suddenly discov- 
ered that my room was again beginning 
to get lighted, and in an instant, as it 
were, the same heavenly messenger was 
again by my bedside. 

"45. He commenced, and again re- 
lated the very same things which he had 
done at his first visit, without the least 
variation; which having done, he in- 
formed me of the great desolations by 
famine, sword, and pestilence, and that 
these grievous judgments would come 
on the earth in this generation. Hav- 
ing related these things, he again 
ascended as he had done before. 

"46. By this time, so deep were the 
impressions made on my mind, that 
sleep had fled from my eyes, and I lay 
overwhelmed in astonishment at what 
I had both seen and heard. But what 
was my surprise when again I beheld 
the same messenger at my bedside, and 
heard him rehearse or repeat over again 
to me the same things as before; and 
added a caution to me telling me that 
Satan would try to tempt me (in conse- 
quence of the indigent circumstances of 
my father's family) , to get the plates 
for the purpose of getting rich. This 
he forbade me, saying that I must have 
no other object in view in getting the 
plates but to glorify God, and must 
not be influenced by any other motive 
than that of building His kingdom; 
otherwise I could not get them. 

"47. After this third visit, he again 
ascended into heaven as before, and I 
was again left to ponder on the strange- 
ness of what I had just experienced; 
when almost immediately after the 
heavenly messenger had ascended from 
me for the third time, the cock crowed, 
and I f ound_ that day was approaching, 
so that our interviews must have oc- 
cupied the whole of the night. 

{To be Continued) 



744 



P% /-/^x V' 



General Superintendence 

Y. M. M. I. A. 

GEORGE ALBERT SMITH, 
RICHARD R. LYMAN, 
MELVIN J. BALLARD, 
OSCAR A. KIRKHAM 

Executive Secretary 




Send all Correspondence to Committees Direct to General Offices 



General Offices Y. M. M. I. A. 

SO NORTH MAIN STREET 
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 

General Offices Y. W. M. I. A. 

33 BISHOP'S BUILDING 
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 



General Presidency 

Y. W. M. I. A. 

RUTH MAY FOX, 

LUCY GRANT CANNON. 

CLARISSA A. BEESLEY, 

ELSIE HOGAN 

Executive Secretary 



1railllimniiuiiliniiliniMUiiiimnuHiiiiiliiiniiiiiuiiiniiiiHiiiiiiiriiiHiiiiniHimHmiiimiminnimiiniiiniiMimiiiiiii"iHnnimiiiiiiinHiniiiiiiiin»n 



Music Program 



•pHE following is the list of mixed 

■*• chorus music which was examined 

by the class in Conducting by Noble 

Cain which convened the week follow- 



ing the last June Conference. It is 
suggested that this list be thoroughly 
perused and that desirable numbers be 
chosen for mixed work to supplement 
other numbers which may have been 
chosen for the Stake Festival. 



Name 

Carol of the Russian 

Children 
Let Thy Blessed Spirit 

Open Our Eyes 
Chorus of Homage 
Song of the Winds 
The Glory Train 
Oh, Blest Are They 

The Mocking Bird 

-Ave Maria 

Hymn ro the Trinity 
I Sowed the Seeds of 

Love 
Music, When Soft 

Voices Die 
In the Luxembourg 

Gardens 
Junior A CapcUa 

Chorus Book 

A Capella Chorus 

Book 
Hoffman Choral Series 

The Red Book of Pro- 
gram Songs 

Calm Be Thy Sleep 

Communion Service in 
A Minor 

All in the April Eve- 
ning 

O Savior, Burst the 
Heavenly Bound 

Take, Oh! Thou Lips 
Away 

The Music of Life 



Composer 

Harvey B. Gaul 

TschesnokofF, P. 

Will C. McFarlane 
W. Gcricks 
Ernest F. Hawks 
Noble Cain 
Tschaikowsky-Cain 

American 

Arcadelt 

A. Gretchanlnoff 

G. T. Hoist 

Charles T. Herts 

Mannlng-RIegger 

O. Christiansen-Pitts 

Dr. Chrlstianscn-Cain 

Noble Cain 
Noble Cain 

Noble Cain 

A. Gretchaninoflf 

Tyman-Robertson 

Noble Cain 

Edward C. Moore 

Noble Cain 



Publisher 



(New 



(New 



G. Schirmer, Inc. 

York) 
J. Fischer ^ Bros. 

York) 
G. Schirmer, Inc. 
Boston Music Co. 
Gamble Hinged Music Co. 
Raymond A. Hoffman Co. 
Gamble Hinged Music Co. 

(Chicago) 
Raymond A. Hoffman Co. 

(Chicago) 
G. Schirmer, Inc. 
Raymond A. Hoffman Co. 
Curwcn, Inc. 

Gamble Hinged Music Co. 

G. Schirmer, Inc. 

Oliver Ditson Co. 

Oliver Ditson Co. 

Raymond A. Hoffman Co. 

Hall McCreary Co. 
(Chicago) 

Gamble Hinged Music Co. 

Raymond A. Hoffman Co. 

Curwen, Inc. 

Musical Research Society 
(Chicago) 

Gamble Hinged Music Co. 
G. Schirmer, Inc. 



No. 



6770 

4497 

7273 

574 

1007 

48 

3024 

63 

5503 

11 

61083 

1025 

7583 



972 
23 

60976 

3025 
9 

7759 



Correction for Music 

G. Schirmer was given as publisher 
for "Turn You to Me" and "Grant 
Me True Courage Lord," and it should 
be E. C. Schirmer. These are in the 
ladies' list. 

M. I. A. Conference 
in Holland 

"pROM across the sea comes an inter- 
esting report. "The Dutch M. L 
h, annual conference was held in Rot- 



terdam on June 7 to 11, with over a 
hundred and seventy young people at- 
tending and the contest finals being held 
in connection with the convention. 
The first evening marked the finals in 
debating for M Men and also finals in 
extemporaneous speaking for M Men. 
The session on the following afternoon 
was made especially interesting by the 
presence of Apostle and Mrs. Merrill 
who spoke to an audience of some four 
hundred people. On Saturday evening 
contests in singing for M Men, Gleaners 
and Bee-Hive Girls were held, as well 



as Bee-Hive retold story and Gleaner 
free-speech. On Sunday evening 
chorus finals were held, with marvelous 
demonstrations of musical ability and 
training. This meeting was the climax 
of the conference, the concluding event 
being the congregational singing of 
"Carry On," translated into Dutch; the 
attendance at this session exceeded five 
hundred. — Dale Curtis. 

Hyrum Stake Social 

PREPARATORY to their regular 
^ M. L A. opening the Stake Boards 
of Hyrum Stake entertained the Stake 
Presidency, Bishops of Wards, all Ward 
M. L A. officers and teachers and their 
partners at a lawn party in late August. 
The response and enjoyment indicated 
a successful and cooperative M. L A. 
season, according to a report sent in by 
Annie N. Baker, Y. W. President. 

Deseret Stake Institute 

irOR the third consecutive season the 
^ Y. W. M. L A. of Deseret Stake 
conducted a summer institute, dividing 
the Stake into three districts and hold- 
ing meetings in all three places. A pre- 
view of the year's program — Manuals, 
Appreciation Courses and Activities — • 
was given to one hundred forty-two 
ward officers. President Margaret Cal- 
lister reports this year's institute as the 
most successful so far. 

The Delta 1st Ward of the same 
stake entertained the retiring ofiicers 
of last season at a party which they 
considered highly successful, a hot din- 
ner being served to eighty-five people 
including the Bishopric and their wives, 
Stake Executive Officers and partners, 
and all officers of the Ward M. L A. 
with their partners. Albert Black, de- 
scribing the affair says: "A fine pro- 
gram of music and talks was given and 
the outgoing officers were presented 
with lovely gifts." An entirely new 
group of Y. W. workers was installed 
this season in this ward. 

Conjoint 'Program- 
For January 

C'EE M Men-Gleaner page for the 
January program. 



745 



coMMu N rrY ACT! vrrY 



Plays : 

A /"ANY inquiries have come to the 
^ ^ M. I. A. General Board offices 
for suggested lists of plays from which 
to choose suitable material for , use on 
the stage. A long list was published 
in the 1933-34 Supplement to the Ac- 
tivity Manual, and wards in which 
this Supplement is to be found will 
find it convenient to keep pages 53 to 
80 for reference; copies may be ob- 
tained at the M. I. A. offices; the fol- 
lowing is a brief list for those who have 
not the longer one. 

One-Act Royalty Plays. 

The Maker of Dreams— by AU- 

phant Down. 2 M. 1 F. ; Int. Pierrette 
and Pierrot find their love troubles smooth- 
ed away by the manufacture of dreams. 
French. 

The Clod — by Lewis Beach. 4 M. 1 
F. ; Int. One of the most effective one-act 
plays written. French. 

THE Finger of God — ^Wilde. 2 M. 

1 F. A strong play with a moral touch. 
Baker. 

Sam Average — Mackaye. 3 M. 1 F. 
An entrenchment setting, early Revolution. 
Dramatic. Baker. 

Spreading the News — By Lady 

Gregory. 7 M. 3 F. Scene the outskirts 
of a fair. Irish Comedy. An exaggerated 
story gets round that murder has been com- 
mitted. Laughable situations result. 
French. 

Miss Civilization — Comedy in one- 
act, by Richard Harding Davis. 4 M. 

1 F. One int. Time 30 minutes. Mod- 
ern. Two burglars break into the house 
of a millionaire. Miss Civilization, a mod- 
ern girl, contrives to amuse them until the 
police come and capture them. French, 

The Hour Glass — W. B. Yates. 4 
M. 2 F. 2 Children. Excellent allegory. 
French. 

Embers— George Middleton. 6 M. 2 
F. ; int. A drama showing the Influence 
of a woman on a famous man, and how 
he in turn was able to save her only son 
from destruction. French. 

Young America — Ballard and Frank- 
lin. 4 M. 1 F. ; 1 int. A court scene 
in which a woman wins her point and the 
custody of a delinquent boy and his dog. 
Very effective. French. 

Printer's Ink — By Orene Simmons. 
5 M. 1 F. Interior of a newspaper office. 
A strong serious comedy of what must go 
into print no matter whom it aflfccts. 
Row, Peterson Co. 

The Bracelet — Alfred Sutro. 3 M. 

5 F. ; Int. Serious drama of modern so- 
ciety. French. 

$2,000 Cash — By Nathan Chatterton. 

2 M. 2 F. Story showing a struggle for 
existence in a big city. A young married 
couple have had a run of bad luck. The 
sister, through her fiance, gets a run of 
good luck. An interesting story, dramat- 
ically told. Baker. 

The Valiant — By Holworthy Hall 
and Robert Middlemas. 5 M. 1 F. Dra- 
matic story of a boy who shields his 
identity to save his mother. French. 



One-Act Plays — Non-Royalty 

Birds of a Feather — Brandley. 
Domestic Comedy. 2 M. 2 F. A sketch 
which proves that nothing else matters 
when the right man comes along. Pub. 
by M. I. A. 

Not Quite Such a Goose— Comedy. 

2 M. 3 F.; 1 Int. Albert despises girls. 
But a remarkable change comes over him 
when his sister's friend appears on the 
scene. Characterization is good, dialogue 
bright and natural. Baker. 

The Wedding Presents — William 
Carson. Comedy. 2 M. 1 F. ; 1 Int. 
The thank-you letters of a recently married 
couple bring about complications when 
it is discovered the list has been lost. Who 
sent what provides the entertainment. 
Baker. 

Evening Dress — W. D. Howells. 2 
M. 3 F.; 1 Int.; Farce. One of the 
simplest and most amiable of the Howells 
farces. French. 

Early Frost — By Henry Bailey 
Stevens. 1 M. 2 F. ; kitchen interior. A 
play of courage and fortitude, showing a 
farmer and his family when beset by cares. 
Good enough to grace any bill of one- 
acters. Baker. 

The Whole Truth — Comedy, by 
L. B. West. 2 M. 9 F.; Int. A girl 
undertakes to tell the exact truth for a 
single day and finds her Waterloo very early 
in the day. Baker. 

Elmer — By Beatrice H. McNeil. 3 M. 
6 F. ; Int. He's of that awful age — the 
age of adolescence. You'll get many a 
laugh from his lines, sympathize with his 
youthful ideas, and you'll grow awfully 
fond of him before the play is over. A 
family play. Baker. 

Mother Pulls the Strings — Lilian 
Stoll. 3 M. 3 F. Rural comedy. H. 
R. Hillener S Co., Atchison, Kansas. 

Three-Act Plays, Non-Royalty 

The District Attorney— by Orrin 
E. Wilkins. 10 M 6 F.; 2 Ints. Bob 
Kendrick, college athlete and popular man 
runs for the office of district attorney as a 
part of a political trick. Interesting com- 
plications arise. Baker. 

A Scrap of Paper — Adapted from 

Sardou. 6 M. 6 F. ; Int. The mis- 
chievous scrap of paper brings about an 
interesting series of complications which 
ends in outbursts of merriment. French. 

The Colonel's Maid — By C. L. 
Dalrymple. 6 M. 3 F. ; 2 Ints. In order 
to overcome a father's prejudice against his 
fiance, the daughter of an old rival. Bob 
has her enter the house as a maid. An 
interesting situation with an interesting 
climax. Baker. 

Mr. Bob — By Rachel E. Barker. 3 M. 
4 F. Mistaken identity that whirls the 
characters about In funny situations. One 
of the best selling plays published. Baker. 

The Importance of Being Earn- 
est — Oscar Wilde. 5 M. 4 F. ; 2 Ints. 
1 Ext. Complications resulting from Jack 
Worthing, in order to escape from social 
surroundings. Invents a brother. A very 
laughable farce results. Baker. 

HiGBEE OF Harvard — ^By C. Town- 
send. 5 M. 4 F.; 2 Ints. 1 Ext. Some- 
what on the order of "Our Boys" but is 



absolutely American, and contrasts the 
culture of the East with the rough vigor 
of the mining and cattle regions of the 
far West. Baker. 

Three-Act Plays, Royalty 
The Servant in the House — Chas. 

Rann Kennedy. 5 M. 2 F. This Is a 
modern morality play in which the spirit 
of Christ Is brought to bear on a number 
of modern characters. French. 

You and I — Philip Barry. 4 M. 3 P. ; 
2 Int. A modern comedy built upon a 
theme of a father being discouraged with 
life because he has not realized bis boyish 
ambition. His son, about to throw away 
bis chances to develop the gift within him, 
is saved through an interesting development 
of the situation. French. 

The Patsy — Barry Coners. 3 M. 3 
F. ; 1 Int. The story concerns a girl who 
runs second to her older sister. She is the 
one to blame whenever anything goes 
wrong. But there Is triumph for Patsy 
which brings about her happiness as the 
bride of the man she loves. Baker. 

Skidding — Aurania Rouverol. 5 M. 
5 F. ; Int. A fresh, sincere picture of 
American family life. Humor is blended 
with pathos, and a deliciously garnished 
philosophy makes Skidding a more sig- 
nificant than the average comedy. French. 

Three Wise Fools — Austin Strong. 
11 M. 2 F. ; Int. Into the lives of a 
judge, a physician, and a financier, comes 
the daughter of a woman all three loved 
in earlier years. A play that blends the 
elements of laughter and tears and suspense. 
French. 

The Man of the Hour — -George 
Broadhurst. 13 M. 3 F. ; Ints. In this 
famous play Mr. Broadhurst has mixed 
love and politics in an absorbing manner. 
French. 

The Rainbow — A. E. Thomas. 7 
M. 6 F. ; 2 Ints, 1 Ext. Tells a moving 
story of the love of a father for his little 
daughter, and their separation and the 
reunion. French. 

Under Cover — By Rol Cooper 
Megrue. 8 M. 5 F. This play has been 
a great success with amateurs. The story 
carries the play. It's an exciting and 
ingenous play dealing with evasion of 
duties on articles brought into America. 
French. 

The First Year — Frank Craven. 5 
M. 4 F. ; 2 Int. Here Is a comedy which 
is so very human that It makes entertain- 
ment of the highest sort. The Rrst year 
has to do with the first year of married life. 
Tommy is prosaic and practical; Grace 
thinks she has outgrown the small town 
of her birth. French. 

Turn to the Right — Wlnchell 

Smith and John E. Hazzard. 9 M. 5 F. ; 
1 Ext. 2 Ints. Full of excellent comedy 
and with a lesson of brotherhood. French. 
Man From Home — Tarkington and 
Wilson. 6 M. 6 F. Fine American comedy. 

White Collars — Edith Ellis. 5 M. 

4 F. ; 3 Ints. The play concerns a young 
millionaire and his bride of the "White 
Collar" class. French. 

Seven Keys to Baldpate — George 

M. Cohan. 9 M. 4 F. A melodramatic 
(Continued on page 752) 



746 




As of ISJ ovember 12 

QEVEN stakes are over the top; 
*^ twenty-three have gone beyond the 
fifty per cent mark; and all of them 
have shown some activity. A number 
of stakes which were near the bottom 
in April last spring are now near the 
top and still struggling up toward their 
quotas. 

Several other stakes arc near their 
quota and will, no doubt, go over the 
top by next month, and quite a large 
percentage will be able to collect a 
rebate on a seventy-five per cent record. 

The prize winners will not be 
known for some time to come although 
several stakes have indicated that they 
are out to collect the money on April 

The standing of the stakes follows: 

This Gentleman Liked the 
''Era'' 



Dear Editor: 



Klamath Falls, Oregon 

Box 14, 

Oct. 21, 1934. 



Record of the Standing of Stakes 

According to Percentage 

of Quota 

1. Montpelier 128 

2. Maricopa 114 

3. Snowflake 114 

4. Union 113 

5. Twin Falls 110 

6. Curlew 102 

7. Idaho Falls 102 

8. Moapa 99 

9. Bear Lake 95 

10. Zion Park 89 

Ten Leading Stakes Which Have 

Turned in the Highest Number 

of Subscriptions 

1. Idaho Falls 556 

2. Maricopa 467 

3. Montpelier 378 

4. Snowflake 313 

5. Salt Lake 294 

6. St. Joseph 291 

7. Bear Lake 280 

8. Mt. Ogden 263 

9. Hollywood 262 

10. Moapa 253 



'\JTHILE stopping over at Salt Lake 
when passing through, a kindly 
lady gave me two back number issues 
of The Improvement Era. I enjoyed 
it very much. 

Am inclosing 40c in coin for July 
and September issues. 

I would like to subscribe for a year 
but as I'm traveling from one place to 
another, the most convenient way is 
by the copy. 

Since reading those I now have in 
my possession I have a diiferent concept 
of the human and social sides of life. 
Honestly, the lady did me a favor when 
she gave me one of Th& Improvement 
Eras. 



your splendid work, joy in your effort 
and peace in your heart, we are, 
Very Sincerely, 
(Signed) Vivian Ricks, 

Carl J. Johnson, 
Stake Directors. 

Testimonial 

Dear Sir: 

T AM attaching $2,00 for the Era. 
We just can't do without it. It is 
a part of life itself. I cannot estimate 
its value in my home. For every mem- 
ber of the family looks forward to its 
coming with eagerness and delight. 



Brethren : 



Oct. 30, 1934. 
Rexburg, Idaho, 
221 So. 2nd West. 



■yiTIE are happy in our work and find 

it a real pleasure to spread the 

gospel of so splendid a cause as the Era. 

Our people need, and appreciate the 
sunshine of life that comes through 
your columns. 

Even though we were called into 
this work at a late hour, we feel the 
drive is at least one-half won. 

Will you kindly send me 25 receipt 
books. 

Wishing you continued success in 



The April Number 

THE one hundredth anniversary of 
the organization of the Quorum 
of the Twelve Apostles in the Dis- 
pensation of the Fulness of Times 
will be celebrated by "The Improve- 
ment Era" in its April issue. We 
are preparing for that occasion a 
most complete recapitulation of the 
history of the Church, in brief. We 
expect to publish the pictures of the 
general authorities of the Church 
from the beginning where pictures 
are available and in other ways to 
make the number one of outstanding 
importance. Subscribers will receive 
it, of course, as one of the regular 
issues. 



When I read the first article in the 
September issue I felt it was the best 
investment I had ever made. That 
article is but typical of many others, 
and who can estimate their value? The 
influence on the lives of young and 
old, in times yet future will be the 
governing factor. 

I wish you all the success in the 
world in such a worthy venture. 

Your brother in a great cause, 
A. H. Peterson, 

Cowley, Wyoming. 

We Can't Resist Passing On 
This Letter 

Snowflake, Arizona. 
October 17, 1934. 
Dear Elder Ballard: 

T7n"E are pleased to say that the Snow- 
flake Stake commenced its Eva 
drive October 14th at 6 a. m., and 
every ward in the stake was over the 
top in 4 hours. 

Winslow, time 2 hours, quota 20, 
subscriptions 22; Ho lb rook true to 
form cut their time to 3 minutes, last 
year it was 30 minutes, quota 13, sub- 
scriptions 17; Joseph City, time 15 
minutes, quota 28, subscriptions 38, 
also very remarkable in point of time 
and number. Woodruff, time 2 hours, 
quota 18, subscriptions 18. Snow- 
flake, time 4 hours, quota 71, subscrip- 
tions 71. Taylor, time 1 hour, quota 
33, subscriptions 34. Much of theirs 
was produce. Shumway, time 2 hours, 
quota 7, subscriptions 13. There was 
only one more family to sec and they 
were absent. Pinedale, time 1 hour, 
quota 1 1 , subscriptions 1 4. Clay 
Springs, time 3 hours, quota 10, sub- 
scriptions 12. Showlow, time 4 
hours, quota 28, subscriptions 31. 
Lakeside, time 2 hours, quota 3 I , sub- 
scriptions 31. Heber Branch, time 4 
minutes, quota 6, subscriptions 9. One 
behind Holbrook. Those two com- 
munities were organized for speed as 
also was Joseph City. 

Eight of the wards handled $250.00 
worth of produce and converted it 
into cash. It was a wonderful success. 

The quota for the Snowflake Stake 
was 276; we got 310 subscriptions, 
$620.00 collected in 4 hours. It is 
300 miles from one end of the stake to 
the other. 

May the Lord bless the cause of The 
Improvement Era. 

Martin D. Bushman, 
Vilda Fillerup, 

Stake Era Directors. 



READ "A GUIDE TO CIVILIZED LOAFING' 




LEARN TO LIVE JOYOUSLY 



^^What is excellent as God lives is permanent. ^^ — Stevenson. 




747 



A 



Appreciation Courses 

SCULPTOR. Lorado Taft, finds 
the study of leisure-time most ab- 
sorbing, and after years of it he made 
the statement: "Vital arc the leisure 
hours; in them we xvin, or lose, etern- 
ity." Another student of human na- 
ture says that it takes the hardest kind 
of work to teach gdults to play, for 
their attitude of mind makes them in- 
flexible toward it. From Recreation 
we borrow the following thought of 
Howard Braucher: "Play is the seri- 
ous business of childhood. The play 
of a little child is the most serious thing 
in all the world. Play is a part of a 
great whole. Play builds the cathe- 
dral of life. Play gives meaning to 
the world. The play-leader helps to 
build a world in which no longer is 
living always postponed until a future 
time that never comes; in which child 
and man alike are not afraid to live in 
the present; in which the present has 
at least equal value with the future; 
in which life itself is exalted; in which 
the end — growth, fulfilment, abundant 
living, is exalted beyond any of the 

i parts that go to make up the whole. 

i "Only a play leader! The hope of 
the future lies in the preservation of 
childhood, in winning grown people 
to the wisdom and simplicity of chil- 
dren, 'Except ye become as little chil- 
dren, ye do not enter the kingdom of 
life'." 

Overstrect in The Enduring Quest 
tells us that beauty is enduring fitness; 
that goodness is the beauty of fitting 
together in behavior. "Within our 
human experience beauty is a triumph, 
for chaos has been banished and a vital 
integration achieved. . . With this 
realization, new significance can be 
given to the arts. Music with its in- 
tegration, rhythmic flow, harmony, is 
the way we should like life to be. 
When we hear it or create it, we arc 
achieving unity of experience; for a 
moment living in the wholeness of 
design. That is why music is a civil- 
izcr. 

"Arts — music, poetry, sculpture, 
dancing, literature — are not idle addi- 
tions to life — they are ways of life 
themselves. When one stands before a 
noble structure or responds to music, 
he is living just as truly, and more 
fully, perhaps, than when he does the 
necessary routine things. . . Life is 
what takes place in one! When we 
listen to a symphony or sec a drama. 



we are living a life; when we read a 
poem which affects us deeply, we are 
doing likewise. And by far the most 
significant fact is that in the music or 
drama or poem we are living life on 
the level of beauty — the level on which 
life becomes in profound measure a 
vital unity. Beauty is as essential to 
life as anything else life needs. With- 
out it we can live, as animals or medi- 
ocre human beings, but with beauty wc 
enter into those triumphant integra- 
tions that are life at its highest." 

In view of such progressive thinking 
as the above quotations suggest, is it 
not highly fitting that Latter-day Saint 
adults who claim to seek after "every- 
thing virtuous and lovely and of good 
report and praiseworthy" should turn 
their attention to the pursuits in which 
loveliness is to be found in abundance? 

Dr. Richard Cabot in What Men 
Live By tries to analyze the things 
necessary for complete living, and con- 
cludes that four things are essential: 
work, play, love and worship. Latter- 
day Saints always have known work; 
always have believed in love; always 
have practised worship; can they not 
with conscientious sincerity look to- 
ward further education in the line of 
play? The word "play" suggests to 
some mere babyish amusement, but 
common usage of the term has dignified 
it to mean all forms of selected activity 
for leisure time; and implication adds 
that play activities arc constructive. 

If adults in the Church are to lead 
youth, to win their love and confidence, 
to inspire their emulation, they must 
learn to share with youth the joyous- 
ness of recreational ways and time. 
The Appreciation courses are offered 
as a help to those who wish to give to 
their boys and girls what intelligent 
parents and leaders should give — guid- 
ing friendships. For those who wish 
truly to succeed in creating adult in- 
terest in the Appreciation courses, we 
suggest that they remember the state- 
ment that "to approach any human 
pursuit with fear is to invite inevitable 
defeat." Reversing this, to approach 
a pursuit with confidence and belief 
is to invite certain success. 

The study of "Hobbies" seems to be 
one of the favorites among Adult 
groups. For their benefit the follow- 
ing suggestions are offered: 

Hobbies 

Definitions. 

A subject or plan to which one is 



constantly reverting; a favorite and 
ever recurring subject of discourse, 
thought or effort; a topic, theme or the 
like occupying one's best attention or 
interest. 

Something in which one takes an 
extravagant interest. 

Something one has always wanted 
to do if he had leisure time; usually 
entirely apart from his vocation. 

Importance. 

Hobbies arc often prescribed by 
physicians, and in many cases are more 
effective than medicine for the relief of 
ailments. 

One will live longer if he has a 
hobby, for a good hobby contributes 
to one's well being and adds tremen- 
dously to one's happiness. 

There is no better way of expressing 
oneself than through the good offices 
of a creative hobby. 

Do You Have Leisure Time? Be Sure 
You Recognize it When You See it. 

The government says we have 41 
hours unassigned after we have taken 
out 40 hours a week for work, 10 
hours going to and from work, 77 
hours for sleep, meals, personal care 
such as dressing, shaving, brushing our 
teeth, bathing, having a permanent 
wave or a manicure, etc., etc. This 
finding of the government may not fit 
you, but a careful survey of your week 
and its duties will disclose many hours 
each week of what might properly 
be called leisure time. 

What To Do With Leisure Time. 

When you have discovered just what 
leisure time you have, then carefully 
consider what you would like to do 
with it. Do you prefer to have it 
where it now is, or would you prefer 
to have it in bigger blocks at another 
time of the day. A little thought in 
arranging your work will block your 
time so you can use it to better ad- 
vantage. After you have taken these 
steps, then do the thing you most want 
to do and will find the greatest enjoy- 
ment in doing. 

President Ivins was a great hobbyist 
— on a recent fishing trip with him his 
associates found him just as interested 
in mineralogical study, preparing a 
meal over campfirc, pitching a tent, 
making a bed, studying an ant colony, 
or working a crossword puzzle — as 
fishing. 



748 



A Place Where Dreams 
Come True 



m 



ALMOST everywhere, except 
■^ some unhappy places in our cities, 
we sec an order of beauty about our 
lawns, gardens, shrubs, flowers and 
trees. As a part of the attractiveness of 
our complete modern garden, there is 
also the well-kept fruit and vegetable 
garden. The growing influence of 
landscaping has helped to make this 
real garden almost essential to every 
home. 

A few years ago this kind of im- 
provement was rather exclusive, and 
confined chiefly to homes of the well- 
to-do. It is true that our fathers and 
mothers of a generation ago loved to 
work among their flowers and shrubs, 
and gave colorful beauty to their door- 
yards with annuals, rose bushes, lilacs, 
lilies, purple iris and the deep red peony 
used so profusely on Decoration Day. 
Then, gardening as a hobby was the 
privilege of a comparatively few peo- 
ple; now, many point with pride to 
their garclen where they find diversion 
and pleasure in working with their 
own hands. Gardening as a pastime 
has real moral value. It is employ- 
ment so wholesome that it is both work 
and play with the prospect of reward 
in the future. 

How can one take a few seeds, like 
delphiniums, plant them, cultivate 
them, stand in their living presence 
while they are bursting into the bloom 
of all their heavenly charm, without 
feeling that something of their celestial 
beauty is stealing over his own spirit! 
The planting of a tree holds a spell of 
expectant glory over the soul of the 
planter. Let him plant a group of ash 
and maple trees and care for them, 
shaping them and watching them grow 
into the grace of their sturdy strength 
and symmetry, each autumn taking on 
their glorious colors of mingled wine 
and gold, and he will feel that for the 
deed he did in planting and for the cul- 
ture he gave those growing, friendly 
trees through the years, he himself is 
a better, stronger man. 

In most of our homes, flowers con- 
stantly appear on the dining room 
table. While the food on the vegetable 
plate satisfies our hunger, the flowers 
feed us, too. They add something of 
real value and refining taste to the fam- 
ily hour around the table. Cheerful 
tulips, elegant, graceful dafl^odils or 
queenly gladioli in the living room give 
a touch all their own to home life. 




l^Y wife and I are enjoying 
teaching in the Senior Class 
in our ward Mutual. One of the 
activities selected by the group 
to work on during the year is 
'Hobbies.' 

"As an opener to the subject, I 
wrote the enclosed little article 
entitled, "A Place Where Dreams 
Come True." It expresses my 
feelings regarding my hobby — 
gardening. 

"Very truly yours, 

*'J. C. Hogensen." 



As the garden lover lingers among 
his growing plants, pulling a weed here 
and there that has intruded, as he stirs 
the living soil with his hoe or rake and 
waters the plants as they unfold their 
leafy branches and buds at his touch, 
he sees his dream come true. 

Spring, summer, and fall come 
marching on, each bearing promised 
gifts peculiar to the season. In his 
reverie, sunshine warms the air, snow 
melts away, the song bird sings its 
melodious song, the meadow lark and 
the bluebird call in the distance with 
clear warbling notes, the flowers lift 
their heads from leafy beds. New rains 
fall and the fruit of the seasons spring 
from the earth as the gardener awakes 
from his vision. 

Selecting his seed with care he feels 
that he must supply his table with 
fresh, crisp, delicious vegetables and his 
garden and home with delightful colors. 
The picture must be his own dream 
come true — his own home grounds, 
reveal the man himself, his thoughts, 
his dreams, his plans, his acts. The 
framework of his picture is set in the 
trees and shrubs he has planted — some 
tall, some low. He fills in his picture 
with shifting smaller scenes and chang- 
ing color tones from year to year and 
throughout the seasons of each year. 

Then there are the perennials for the 
garden. In growing his own plants 
from the choicest strains of seed, the 
real gardener finds happy surprises 
spring forth from the ground. There 
is the purple-blue of aubrietia and the 
gold of saxatile. There are varied hues 
of pink, white, yellow, lavendar, and 
rose of the long-spurred columbines 
and painted daisies clustered together 
in fairly-like masses. There is the bril- 
liant blue of anchusa, with dignified 
Shasta Daisies and lemon lilies. Waves 
of coreopsis and towering, sweet-tones 
Canterbury bells appear. Then the 






queenly foxgloves dressed in colors fit 
to associate with royal delphiniums of 
the exquisite tints of the sky. While 
filling in the picture, the gardener will 
plant and cultivate with patient in- 
sight, guarding against all enemies of 
his growing, friendly flowers. 

The gardener falls in love with his 
place. In its enchanting beauty he has 
discovered the possibilities of his gar- 
den. He is sure now that dreams come 
true and that paradise can be created 
anew. Because through the years he 
has cultivated a deeper acquaintance 
with the beautiful as associated with 
the place he calls home, he feels that 
he has a stronger rightful footing upon 
that little piece of earth he calls his 
own; and he is in love with it all. 

Children of the soil are also children 
of toil. Seeds never come to birth, 
unless they are sown in the earth. Till 
some kindly hand releases them, they 
can never implant their tiny feet in the 
sweet, warm earth, and shine forth in 
their free loveliness. But cast a hand- 
ful of pansy seed upon the earth and 
some day a thousand little faces will be 
lifted cheerfully to greet you. New 
faces never known or seen before, will 
step forth at the gardener's call, for 
he knows how to create new kinds of 
varieties. He works with forces that 
are concrete and tangible, but cosmic 
and creative as well. He shares in the 
miracle of growth, for the garden In 
which he labors is his laboratory — 
and God's. — J. C. Hogensen. 

Greetings 

TN the name of that Young Man of 
•^ Senior age whose birthday this 
month we celebrate, we send greetings 
to all Seniors in all the world. 

We trust that many groups of 
Seniors will find opportunity to visit 
with each other; to dance and sing and 
eat in all good nature. Christmas 
should be a time of thanksgiving and 
rejoicing. 

During those long winter evenings 
when it is cold without but warm withr 
in, all of us will have the opportunity 
to visit strange lands, new people, in- 
teresting places through books. Those 
evenings will be made brighter by visits 
with President J. Golden Kimball. 
Then, of course, don't forget The 
Improvement Eta and other current 
magazines. 

Seniors, with all our hearts we wish 
you joy. — Senior Committee of the 
General Board. 




T EADERSHIP is an outstanding 
challenge to the youth of the 
Church; one of the important reasons 
for the organization of the M Men and 
Gleaner department in the Mutual Im- 
provement Association was that an op- 
portunity might be afforded for the 
development of that leadership which 
the church and civic affairs so con- 
stantly need. 

In order to accomplish that it was 
thought advisable, at the time of their 
organization that the M Men and 
Gleaners, under the high ideals and 
objectives of the M. I. A., should be 
privileged to organize, officer and carry 
on the study work and of activities of 
these departments under competent 
adult supervision. 

The right of self government and 
selection of leadership is sacred and 
should be carefully guarded for no or- 
ganization is greater than its leadership. 
There is an old adage that, "An army 
of stags led by a lion is more formid- 
able than an army of lions led by a 
stag." Having the right of selection, 
the organization, necessarily, must be 
responsible for its leadership and no 
M Men or Gleaner leadership is really 
worth while that does not conform to 
and live in harmony with the high 
ideals and objectives of the M. I. A. 

A successful leader is one who is able 
to win the love, respect and confidence 
of those with whom he is called to 
work and thereby receive their devo- 
tion to and support of the cause he is 
sponsoring. Abraham Lincoln once 
said, "I have no other ambition so 
great as that of being truly esteemed 
by my fellow men, by rendering myself 
worthy of their esteem." To be a 
successful leader one must not, neces- 
sarily, be a brilliant speaker or a wit — 
orators and wits are the exception. A 
great leader is rather one who like Pres- 
ident Anthony W. Ivins, has the ability 
to win and hold the love and confidence 
of his fellows. 

In the joint M Men and Gleaner 
work there must be, in order to secure 
success, complete harmony and under- 
standing between the leaders of each 
group. The work to be done should 
be equally divided; the responsibilities 
should be equally shared, and the hon- 
ors received equally apportioned. 

On the first Tuesday of each month, 
when these groups meet jointly to con- 
sider the appreciation course selected, 
the privilege of presiding should be 
alternated between Gleaner and M Men 
leadership. This leadership, in con- 
nection with the community activity 



representative, is responsible for the 
program of the meeting, the appoint- 
ments of those who are to participate 
and all other details incident to the 
meeting. All arrangements for the 
meeting should be completed before 
the commencement of class. 

Leaders must realize that a test of 
true leadership lies in getting others to 
lead themselves. On the first Tuesday 
of every month, M Men and Gleaners 
are assuming the leadership of their 
groups. They have chosen some par- 
ticular activity, one out of the nine 
offered by the M. I. A. and they need 
the help and guidance of Community 
Activity Committee members who are 
able to assist in their particular course. 
A real opportunity for members of 
this committee presents itself — to help 
M Men and Gleaners in the planning 
of their work, to guide them in their 
presentation, is the responsibility of the 
activity leader. It is a magnanimous 
and truly splendid character who can 
indirectly lead young people into the 
field of fine leadership without taking 
the limelight. 

M Men and Gleaners should turn to 
the activity leader, ask for suggestions, 
use them and be grateful for the help 
offered. 

Conjoint Program 

T'O M Men and Gleaner Girls has been 
given the privilege of conducting a 
conjoint program in the near future. 
Preparations and plans to have it the 
outstanding Sunday evening meeting of 
the year will of necessity be made early 
and well. This is to be the banner 
conjoint program! It can be done. 

Select a committee on attendance. 
Make your goal, "Every seat filled." 
Appoint a reception committee to greet 
people and make them welcome. Plan 
on preliminary music to start at 6:20 
p. m., and last, but certainly not least, 
make assignments and check on them. 
A rehearsal of all numbers should take 
place beforehand. 

Here is your program M Men and 
Gleaners. Take it and use it — and 
here's to the finest youth program your 
ward has ever had. 

If you can improve on this suggested 
program it is your privilege, but be 
sure it is an improvement. 

1 . Organ prelude. 

2. Invocation — By a Gleaner. 

3. "The Heavens Resoun^^" — Rv M 
Men Chorus, Gleaner Chorus, or 
Congregation. 



4. Greetings — President of Ward M. 
I. A. who will then turn the meet- 
ing over to the President of the 
M Men and Gleaner Organiza- 
tions. 

5. Address of Welcome and an- 
nouncement of program — Ward 
M Men President. 

6. "Come, Come Ye Saints" — Con- 
gregation. 

7. Challenge to Youth — By two 
Adult Leaders of the Priesthood 
or Y. W. M. I. A. in the Ward 
or Stake (about 15 to 20 minutes 
each) . 

8. "True to the Faith" (or some 
other suitable musical number) . 

9. The Answer: 

"We Will Continue in His Word" 

—A Gleaner. 

"We will Build Latter-day Saint 

Homes and Communities" — A 

Gleaner. 

"We Will Carry the Torch"— An 

M Men. 

"By My Actions I Will Prove My 

Allegiance to the Church — An M 

Man. 

Note: All these speeches should 
be written and well prepared. The 
challenges to youth should be writ- 
ten first so that the M Man and 
Gleaner can meet these challenges 
with a definite answer. The an- 
swers should not occupy more 
than six minutes each. 

10. "Carry On"- — By the Chorus and 
Congregation. 

1 1 . Benediction — An M Man. 

¥'- ^ — — -^^f 

Ward Teaching 

{Continued from page 74 1 ) 

>— ' A 

Let every Saint, when he prays, ask 
God for the things he needs to enable 
him to promote righteousness on the 
earth. If you do not know what to 
ask for, let me tell you how to pray. 
When you pray in secret with your 
I'ainilies, if you do not know anything 
to ask for, submit yourselves to your 
Father in Heaven and beseech Him to 
guide you by the inspirations of the 
Holy Ghost, and to guide this people, 
and dictate the affairs of His Kingdom 
on the earth, and there leave it. Ask 
Him to put you just where He wants 
you, and to tell you what He wants 
you to do, and feel that you are on 
hand to do it. 6:43. 



750 








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(See page 751 for explanation) 







Instructions for M Men 

■yHE Master M Men work is now 
•'■ well organized and all plans com- 
pleted for the first candidates. Blanks 
have been printed by the M Men Com- 
mittee for applicants to fill out with a 
certification of requirements and the 
endorsement of the ward and stake M 
Men officials. These may be obtained 
by a written request to the M Men 
office at 50 North Main Street, Salt 
Lake City, Utah. 

This year it is expected that many 
applications will be received. These 
will all be considered by a select com- 
mittee of the General Board to de- 
termine whether the applicant has com- 
pleted all the requirements set out in 
the M Men Handbook and Guide, The 
excellence of the achievement in this 
program will be the principal con- 
sideration looked to by the committee. 
To receive the Master M Men Award 
will be the acme of a long devotion to 
the highest ideals of Mutual work. In 
such a program the committee have 
been cautioned to allow only those to 
receive the award who have been out- 
standing in the achievement of ex- 
cellence. 

Wc ask every reader to project his 
mind into the future to a time when 
sufficient numbers of young men in 
each stake have obtained the highest 
award and arc organized into a Stake 
Master M Men Association. The 
membership of this group will be made 
up of those who have worked hard to 
excel and have been devoted to the 
life which "ought to be," They will 
be a fertile field from which to choose 
leaders and executives for the further- 
ance of the M. I, A. work. Such 
leaders trained in normal fields of hu- 
man activity will be called on because 
of their experience to assist the com- 
munity and civic organizations in pro- 
viding better government and the 
teaching of loftier ideals. 

These future Master M Men will 
be looked to for leadership, but their 
responsibility will not stop there. 
They will be called upon to be out- 
standing examples for the younger 
groups in the Church and State. Upon 
their record will rest many of the de- 
cisions in the future — the training of 
young men with vision and vigor for 
such a task is a high purpose indeed. 

Our slogan is "Once an M Man al- 
ways an M Man." For even though 
you may be past the age limit of 25 
years you are still an M Man having the 
privilege of wearing our insignia and 



lending aid and encouragement to the 
work — likewise the acquisition of the 
Master M Men Award will stamp you 
a member of this organization as long 
as you live a clean, upright. Christian 
life. 

Every week our organization is 
growing under the direction of the 
M Men officers in the stakes and 
wards. Soon the athletic program for 
the year will be under way with the 
inauguration of basketball. Try to 
draw in as many fellows as possible 
from outside the membership of the 
Church. Let them participate in your 
activity and learn of our high ideals 
and splendid works. , "Seeing they 
will believe — and believing they will 
know of the divinity of the work of 
the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints." 

Some criticism has been received 
relative to the M Men at athletic prac- 
tice concerning conduct in speaking to 
others and the destruction of the prop- 
erty of others. Much care should be 
taken in correcting this impression if it 
exists in your ward. We are all known 
as M Men — and as members of an 
organization. Let us not smirch t;he 
name of our group by any unseemly 
conduct. M Men are, as the name 
indicates, men in every sense of that 
word. 

Organize your stake committee for 
conducting the basketball program and 
try to have your schedule ready early 
this year. Much care should be taken 
to obtain the best coach that the ward 
can get. Then forward to the biggest 
year in M Men sports. 

Then too, it must never be forgot- 
ten that the M Men are part of a larger 
organization of the Church — the Mu- 
tual Improvement Association. Every 
assistance to further the whole program 
should be subscribed by every member 
of the M Men Organization. 

Please write your problems and sug- 
gestions in to us. We will be ready 
and willing to do anything wc can to 
aid you. 

Sincerely, 

Chas. J. Parkinson, 

Church M Men President. 

In order to clarify the new eligibility 
rule concerning the age limit for M 
Men Basketball players, be advised that 
it has been decided by the M Men com- 
mittee of the General Board that the 
Basketball season will start November 
first and of course will continue until 
the close of the Church Final tourna- 
ment. 



In other words, a boy who becomes 
twenty-five October 30, or sooner, is 
ineligible for competition during this 
current season; but one whose twenty- 
fifth birthday comes on November first, 
or later, is eligible for competition. 

Initiation of M Men 

A SPLENDID ceremonial is provided 
■^ in the M Men Handbook and Guide 
for the initiation of all M Men into the 
ward organization. In the reports 
coming in to the M Men Executive 
Office very few wards arc using this 
initiation and yet no person can offi- 
cially become an M Man until he has 
completed certain requirements listed 
in the Guide and become initiated. 
Then and then only, can the M Man 
wear the official M Men Pin. Please 
arrange to hold your initiation at once. 



Gleaner Girls 



^ 



{Continued from page 750) 



■y^HEREVER there are Gleaners you 
^^ will find "Treasures of Truth." 
From far off Denmark comes the lovely 
page shown here. It is from the 
book of Anna Holmquist, and is a 
sample of the interesting information, 
fine art work and excellent penmanship 
to be found throughout the book. 
Brother and Sister Holger M. Larsen 
brought the book home with them to 
show what Gleaners are doing in Den- 
mark. 

The following prayer of a Gleaner 
is what is so beautifully written on the 
page: 

Father, I thank Thee for fields in which to 

glean ; 
For hunger that impels me to gather the 

golden grain; 
For hpmc and friends and work to do and 

strength to do it. 
Help me to spend my strength in service: 
To use my talents in Thy cause. 
May I show my gratitude by serving Thee 

in word and deed. 

* 4i 4< 

"pHE reception given by the Liberty 
•"■ Stake Gleaner Committee for the 
Gleaners and their mothers was made 
colorful by the fall flowers used as dec- 
orations; made lovely by the musical 
selections given by the various wards; 
made social by the delightful spirit of 
love and cooperation. Other similar 
events are planned by the Liberty Stake 
Gleaner organization for the current 
season. 



752 






Manual Study 

Joy in the Out-of-Doors 

"T^O we all see the beauties that sur- 
■^ round us in the world of nature? 
Can we not acquaint ourselves with the 
charm of the open air; the white clouds 
that sail along the sky; the perfume of 
flowers upon the grassy bank of a bab- 
bling stream; the thrilling miracle of 
the dawn when the "sun awakens the 
sleeping earth;" the glory of a colorful 
sunset? 

How can we walk out of doors 
without seeing things worthy of our 
attention? 

Here is what Helen Keller, deaf and 
blind from childhood, says: 

"Now and then I have tested my 
seeing friends to discover what they sec. 
Recently I asked a friend who had just 
returned from a long walk in the 
woods, what she had observed, 'Noth- 
ing in particular,' she replied. How 
was it possible, I asked myself, to walk 
for an hour through the woods and 
see nothing worthy of note? I, who 
cannot see, find hundreds of things to 
feel in the delicate, symmetry of a leaf. 
I pass my hands lovingly about the 
smooth skin of a silver birch or the 
rough shaggy bark of a pine. In 
Spring I touch the branches of trees 
hopefully in search of a bud the first 
sign of awakening Nature after her 
winter's sleep. Occasionally, if I am 
very fortunate, I place my hand gently 
on a small tree and feel the happy 
quiver of a bird in full song. 

"At times my heart cries out in long- 
ing to see all these things. If I can 
get so much pleasure from mere touch, 
how much more beauty must be re- 
vealed by sight! . . . 

"If you knew that you were about 
to be stricken blind, I am sure that you 
would use your eyes as never before. 
Everything that you saw would be- 
come dear to you. Your eyes would 
touch and embrace every object that 
came within your range of vision. 
Then, at last, you would really see, 
and a new world of beauty would open 
itself before you. 

"I who am blind can give one hint 
to those who see: Use your eyes as 
if tomorrow you would be stricken 
blind. And the same method can be 
applied to the other senses. Hear the 
music of voices, the song of a bird, the 
mighty strains of an orchestra, as if 
you would be stricken deaf tomorrow. 
Touch each object as if tomorrow your 
tactile sense would fail. Smell the 
perfume of flowers, taste with relish 
each morsel as if tomorrow you could 




never smell and taste again. Make the 
most of every sense; glory in all the 
facets of pleasure and beauty which the 
world reveals to you through the sev- 
eral means of contact which Nature 
provides. But of all the senses I am 
sure that sight is the most delightful." 
Many of our finest poets portrayed 
Nature in her simplicity and could see 
peace, calm and beauty in her. The 
girls might memorize the verses found 
in the lesson and add others such as the 
following by Tennyson: 

Flower in the crannied wall, 

I pluck you out of the crannies, 

I hold you here, root and all, in my hand, 
Little flower — but if I could understand 

What you are, root and all, and all in all, 
I should know what God and man is. 

The lessons this year lend themselves 
especially well to discussion by the girls. 
We hope you are using this method. 

Good Reading 

T ITTLE time is allowed this year on 
•^ Tuesday night for the Reading 
Course books. Realizing this, and 
that Juniors are kept busy with re- 
quired school reading, we are supple- 
menting the suggestions made in the 
Manual with the following list of 
short stories: A Christmas Present for 
a Lady, Myra Kelly; The Sire de Male- 
ttoits's Door, Robert Louis Stevenson; 
Rappaccini's Daughter, Nathaniel 
Hawthorne; The Garden Party, Kath- 
erine Mansfield; The Ransom of Red 
Chief, O' Henry; Marse Chan, Thomas 
Nelson Page; How Whalebone Caused 
a Wedding, Joel Chandler Harris. Oc- 
casionally one of these stories might be 
retold in part of the class time, and 
certainly they would be appropriate for 
Junior groups — having selected story- 
telling as their appreciation course. 

Junior Songs 

)0 you know that there are three 
songs written especially for Jun- 
iors? If so, do you know them and 
sing them occasionally in your depart- 
ment on Tuesday night or when you 
meet together socially? They are to 
be found in the M. I. A. Song Book. 

My Story 

JUNIOR GIRLS, do you ever stop to 
J consider what the Gospel has done 
for you? In hearing your parents and 
grandparents tell of the limited oppor- 
tunities for gaining knowledge that 
were theirs does it ever occur to you 
how abundantly blest you are? Just 
stop sometimes and take an inventory 
of your really wonderful blessings. Edu- 



D' 







cationally for instance — think about 
your privilege of attending fine schools, 
your access to good books, fine music 
and plays, etc. ; the easy and cheap way 
of traveling from place to place and 
seeing beautiful scenery, great paint- 
ings; and even the radio by which you 
can listen to world renowned singers, 
actors, musicians, etc. 

Take time to chat with these par- 
ents and grandparents occasionally and 
listen to their experiences. Write some 
of the most interesting ones down in 
your "My Story" book; especially keep 
the dates of the most important. If 
you neglect these golden opportunities 
you will regret it bitterly in coming 
years. Your interest in the life stories 
of these dear ones will make them 
happy and increase your happiness and 
help you also to love and appreciate 
the blessings that are yours through 
the Gospel. No particular evenings arc 
designated for a study of "My Story" 
but leaders who are promoting this ac- 
tivity will find time in the regular man- 
nual-study periods to discuss it briefly. 
The work of making books will nat- 
urally be done out of M. I. A. time. 



-~< 



Communityflctivity 

(Continued from page 745) 

^. ^ ^4 

farce. One of the most thrilling plays of 
recent times. A medley of mystery, farce, 
and intrigue. French. 

The Goose Hangs High — Lewis 
Beach. 7 M. 6 F. ; Int. This comedy 
portrays with great good humor and truth 
the effort of a modern family to adjust 
themselves to difficult circumstances. 
French. 

One-Act Plays for 
Male Characters 

In the Zone — ^O'Neill. 8 Male. A 
thrilling, melodramatic episode laid in the 
forecastle of a tramp steamer, passing 
through the submarine zone during the 
war. French. 

One -Act Plays for Women 
Joint Owners in Spain — Alice 

Brown. Very good character play. French. 
FLUERETTE ^ Co. — 2 F. Good drama. 
Baker. 

Addresses of Publishers 

Samuel French — 811 W. 7th St., Los 
Angeles. 

Baker — 178 Fremont St., Boston, Mass. 

Row-Peterson Co. — Evanston, 111. 

Dramatic Pub. Co. — ^542 So. Dearborn 
St., Chicago, 111. 

Dennison Co, — 623 So. Wabash, Chi-^ 
cago, 111. 

Eldredge Co. — 829 16th St., Denver. 
Colorado. 



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^%"i\-i-'>i^:k '■:^ 



Sea Scout Units in 
L. D. S. Groups 

r^ONSIDERABLE interest is being 
manifested throughout the United 
States in programs for older boys in 
Scouting. The Vanguard program 
has been officially approved by the 
National Council of the Boy Scouts 
of America for older boys of the L. D. 
S. Church. Frequent inquiries are re- 
ceived asking for the attitude of the 
General Board in connection with Sea 
Scouting which is also an officially ap- 
proved program for older boys and is 
promoted by the National CounciL 

The attitude of the Vanguard com- 
mittee is that Sea Scouting is a very 
attractive and educational program and 
can be heartily endorsed as a desirable 
activity for young men. There are 
many conditions, however, which 
should be given consideration before 
it isadopted by any M. I. A. group. 

The first consideration is that the 
Vanguard program, which is the offi- 
cial program of the M. I. A. for older 
boys should not be discarded in favor 
of any other program. If any ward 
group desires to organize Sea Scouting 
in addition to the Vanguard troop such 
action will be approved if there arc 
sufficient members for both groups and 
if the following considerations are met: 
(a) Where the Local Council has a 
Sea Scout committee to promote and 
stimulate it and has a Sea Scout Com- 
missioner to assist in guiding local lead- 
ership and provide leadership training 
courses in Sea Scouting, (b) Where 
the District Committee sanctions the 
organization of a Sea Scout troop and 
assumes responsibility the same as for 
any other troop in the district, (c) 
Where leaders are available who have 
had training in Sea Scouting and are 
qualified to carry on the program, 
(d) Where the money necessary to 
finance the troop has been raised for a 
definite, accepted plan for financing it 
has been provided. 

These precautions are deemed neces- 
sary in light of past experiences. In 
several wards Sea Scouting has been 
attempted but problems of leadership, 
training, finance and organization sup- 
port have caused it to be abandoned. 
This is unfortunate as it gives an erron- 
eous impression of the Sea Scout pro- 
gram and makes it more difficult to get 
started again if an attempt is made. 

The preferable method, which is 
now being given serious attention, 
seems to be to incorporate into the 
Vanguard program the attractive, de- 




sirable features of Sea Scouting, con- 
ducting the activities under our present 
leadership and with present facilities. 
Certainly no Sea Scout troop should 
be organized without the proper 
background to assure its success. Where 
the M. I. A. undertakes a program it 
should be done only after full con- 
sideration and after every necessary 
provision has been made to carry it for- 
ward to a successful conclusion. 

Dr. West Discusses 
^^Burning Up Boyhood^^ 

■yHE article in The Saturday Evening 
■'■ Posf last February on "Burning 
Up Boyhood" by Lawson Robertson 
was made the subject of an editorial in 
Boys' Life for October by Dr. James E. 
West, Chief Scout Executive of the 
Boy Scouts of America. Dr. West 
expresses the wish that every boy and 
every leader of boys might read the 
article. It deals with the seriousness 
of boys and young men in the mid- 
adolescent period — the Vanguard age 
— engaging in competitive sports. It 
confirms in every detail the attitude 
taken by the General Board of the 
Y. M. M. I. A. in opposing com- 
petitive basketball and other gruelling 
sports for young men who arc growing 
so rapidly that their vital strength is 
seriously undermined in the over-exer- 
tion so frequently apparent in com- 
petitive sports. Every Vanguard leader 
should read Dr. West's editorial and if 
possible the original article by Mr. 
Robertson. A survey of this entire 
problem is now under way by the 
Vanguard committee. The results will 
be published shortly. 

New Age Eligibility Rule 
Covers All Vanguard Sports 

T^HE new age eligibility rule, an- 
^ nounced last month as applying to 
Vanball contests in the Vanguard pro- 
gram has been extended and in the 
future will apply in all Vanguard ac- 
tivities including archery, vanball and 
model airplane flying, the three Church- 
wide activities promoted by the Van- 
guard committee. The new rule is that 
on the day a Vanguard becomes 18 
years of age he becomes ineligible for 
further competition. 

It should be noted that the prescribed 
ages for Vanguards are 15 and 16. 
To encourage young men to remain 
in Scouting, the year between the 1 7th 
and 1 8th birthdays has been made a 
sort of "floating" period and Van- 
guards 1 7 years old have been permitted 



to continue playing, with full rights to 
participate in Church finals unless they 
reached their 1 8th birthday before Jan- 
uary 1 preceding the event. Under 
this rule Vanguards well on their way 
to the 1 9th birthday were permitted to 
play in the vanball finals in February 
and to compete in archery and retold 
story in June even though they may 
have turned 18 on January 1. 

The new rule eliminates any possi- 
bility of misunderstanding. The day 
a Vanguard becomes \% he becomes in- 
eligible for further competition. This, 
will give younger fellows an oppor- 
tunity to make the teams where, under 
the old rule, older and more experienced 
Vanguards were chosen. This change 
in no way affects the regular age sched- 
ule of the M Men. When a young 
man reaches his 1 7th birthday he is 
eligible to become an M Man if he 
so desires. 

Is a Smoker a Heal 

Man or a ^^ Sissy P^' 
■QANIEL CARTER BEARD is Na- 
tional Field Commissioner of the 
Boy Scouts of America. To the many 
thousands of boys in America who 
know him and the thousands who have 
read his books and magazine articles he 
is an ideal — a hero. Recently a Scout 
asked him some questions. Among 
them was this: "Do you think that 
our Scoutmaster should prohibit smok- 
ing?" The National Commissioner's 
answer is a classic. Here it is. "There 
are no don'ts in Scouting. It is all 
do's. No real Scout will do anything 
that is injurious to his physical or 
moral health, or which brings discredit 
to him or his organization. When the 
ladies began to smoke, your National 
Scout Commissioner quit. He is no„ 
sissy." 

Songs For Vanguards 

The Caisson Song 
Tune: "Artillery Song." 

QVER hill, over dale, 

^"^ We will hit the greenwood trail, 

As we Vanguards go hiking along; 

In and out, all around. 

You will never see us frown, 

As we Vanguards go hiking along. 

And it's Hi! Hi! Hec! 

A Vanguard troop for me; 

Shout out our name and shout it strong, 

Where'er we go, we will always know, 

That the Vanguards go hiking along. _ 

Always hiking. 
That the Vanguards go hiking along.^ 



Bee-Hive Service Awards 

TN 1933 a plan was inaugurated by 
"*■ the Bee-Hive Committee of the Gen- 
eral Board whereby all Bee-Keepcrs in 
the Church having given the past three 
years consecutive service, who had com- 
pleted the ranks, earned the Honor 
Badges, and passed a test prepared by 
the General Board would be entitled 
to buy and wear a Bee-Keeper's Service 
Pin. 

The first award was made at June 
Conference, 1934, to Bee-Keepers 
shown in the accompanying picture. 
Those unable to attend Conference 
were awarded the pin at the Fall Con- 
ventions and a complete list of all 
Bee-Keepcrs having received the pin 
to date with their years of service is 
also given. 

We wish to remind our Bee-Keepers 
that this pin will be awarded an- 
nually to those earning it and hope it 
will be a source of encouragement to 
new Bee-Keepers to remain in service. 
Also in 1936 a five year service pin 
will be awarded by the General Board 
to the Bee-Keepers having met the re- 
quirements of the three year pin and 
given an additional two years service. 

The Stakes have been asked for an 
Honor Roll of all Bee-Keepers not now 



in service who have given five or more 
years of service. We would be pleased 
to receive this list which will be pub- 
lished at a later time. 

The General Board is proud of the 
fine service given by the Bee-Keepers 
throughout the Church and wishes to 
congratulate the stakes on this splendid 
leadership. 

Suggestions for 
Christmas Parties 
Santas 

r^YV^ each a bright red apple — a 
^^ marshamallow, some toothpicks, 
raisins, cloves, cotton, almond nuts and 
glue. 

Glue a strip of cotton around the 
middle of the apple, add a strip up the 
front. This forms the coat and pants 
of Santa. Stick some cloves in for 
buttons. With a toothpick place the 
marshmallow on the top for the head. 
Cover the top of marshmallow with 
cotton for hair and a strip around the 
neck. Insert cloves for eyes and a 
mouth. Make him a red pointed hat of 
paper. On four toothpicks, slide 
raisins until they cannot hold more. 
On one end of each pick place a nut 
to make feet and hands. Insert them 
in proper place for arms and legs. A 



contest may be had, judging the best 
Santa. These Santas make clever 
favors, or place cards may be attached. 

Postcards 

Original postcards arc fun to make 
and serve for like purposes. Original 
verses, decorations of silhouettes, pic- 
tures and drawing may be used. The 
double folder is easy and attractive to 
make. 

Christmas Games 
(See £rfl. Dec, 1933) 

Snow balls made of cotton may be 
used in any ball relay games. 

Observation Game 

Place a number of small Christmas 
toys and Christmas articles on a table. 
Give the guests one long look, then 
cover. Have them write as many 
articles as they can remember. Prizes 
may be awarded. 

A large snow ball of cotton may 
form a center piece for the table. In- 
side may be placed small favors (toys) 
or exchange presents. Each gift is tied 
with a Christmas ribbon or card and 
other end attached to one of the guest's 
place cards. Place cards may be in the 
arms of snow men made from marsh- 
mallows. The guests may make these 
or the hostess may do so. 

{Continued on page 755) 



.1. I . ..o| «^ „j^^ 



•■ irt ■«■ t* »"■ fi,- 









Name Service 

Pres. Ruth May Fox. .10 
Sarah R. Cannon .... 1 2 

Elsie Hogan 7 

Marie C. Thomas ... 4 

Mary Cobbley 5 

Ella Mecham 7 

Bessie Calderwood . . 5 

Thelma Goodey 7 

Mabel Forsgren .... 6 

Pern Brovni 3 

Bosemarie LIddle ... 3 

Emma Burgon 4 

Lenore Cutler 5 

Georgiana Puckett . . 7 
Sarah AL Beckstead. .12 
Jennie N. Brnstrom . . 9 

Verona Atwood 3 

Lena Jackson 3 

Mary Day 3 

Bessie Gull 3 

Florence Morris .... 5 
Elsie Atwood t 



Lucy T. Anderson ... 3 

Florence Thody .... 3 

Pearl Fisher 8 

Mabel Black 4 

Elaine Cannon 4 

Thelma Hansen .... 4 

Bertha Burgener ... 5 

Erma Spencer 3 

Mildred Hunter .... 3 

Ooldie Shaw 3 

Beta Allen 5 

Ethel Anhder 7 

Rosella Davies 10 

Lavon F. Anderson. . . 5 

Nellie Cluff 4 

Margaret EHlessen ... 3 

Mary Beer 3 

Eula Jensen 3 

Merle Poulson 6 

Nana Monroe 3 

Caroline M. Adams . . 8 

Lottie J. Ripley ... 4 

Vera H. Cloward ... 4 



Dora Powell 4 

Addis Thomas 7 

Viola Warren 5 

Mae L. Bello 7 

Laurel Grant 4 

Alice Palmer 10 

Ella Howell 7 

Sylvia Cox 3 

Edith B. Gold 7 

Arlene Dewey 4 

Flossie Berthelson. . . 3 
Naoma Sarenson ...11 
Kathryn Geurts .... 9 

Anna Johnson 12 . 

Mary Peterson 6 

Elva Wahlquist ..... 3 
Margaret Giolas .... 4 

Alice Lloyd 5 

Pearl Walton 16 

Thora Broadbent ... G 
Anna B. Minger ... .10 

Leah Larson S 

Lavon Pyper 7 



Ardell Clyde 3 

LaRue Behunin 8 

Leah Yates 16 

Leona B. Fetzer. ... 4 
Helen C. Moore .... 3 

Mary Teerlinck 4 

Sarah Jensen 4 

Grace Norris 13 

Florence Binham .... 5 
Lottie Burleigh .... 3 
Emma Hamblin .... 1 1 

Louise Dastnip 7 

Amy B. Ence 16 

Janet Tremmelling ... 7 

Hazel Treeman 4 

Erma H. Magleby . . . 

Sister Ellers 

Sister Willmore .... 

Melba Nlelson 7 

Amanda C. Pugh .... 5 
LiUian C. McAlUster. 3 
Flora L. Heaton .... 3 
Eunice Hutchings ... 12 



Hazel May Bone 9 

Geneva Pearson .... 1 4 

Bertha Kehrer 3 

Delila Hall 3 

Grace Johns 3 

Ruth Harris 3 

Ella Neddo 14 

Ercel A. Shurtz....5i 

Anna Sorensen 

Merle Poulson 6 

Ruth R. Harris 3 

Delila Hall 3 

Eva S. Tliompson. . . .3J 
Doris M. Dawson .... 3 
Jennie Swainston .... 
Pearl I. Walker .... 3 

Ella Howell 7 

AUene Slaughter .... 5 
Viola M. Sorensen. . . 4 

Stella McCrory 5 

Helen Hyde 3 

Nana Monroe 6 

Fern Wiltsey 4 

Rinda B. Sudweeks ... 3 



Vivian Ottley 4 

Esther Lambert .... 4 

Gwendolyn Williams . . 3 

Edith Butler 4 

Ina McConkie 4 

Mabel Redd 

Emma Smith 5 

Alta Williams 8 

Sister Tonks 

Myrtle Bitter 19 

Pearl T. Forsey 4 

Ivy Johnston 5 

Irene Ricks 

Ella Dunn 5 

Nettie Peerce 5 

Cora McGlome 5 

Alice Clark 6 

Rachel Jones 3 

Naomi Keetch 4 

Virginia Newbold ... 3 

Martha Burgner .... 3 

Philander Tree 3 

Blanche Frisby 3 

Sister MacAfface ... 3 




The Boy^ His Nature 
and His Needs 

By Philo T. Facnsworth 

No. V. Some Factors op 
Personality Development 

Editor's Comment : This is the fifth of 
a scries of articles being written to acquaint 
"Leaders of Boys" with the best informa- 
tion and source material available on the 
subject of the growth and factors of de- 
velopment of the adolescent boy. 

TN much of our traditional thinking 
■'■ human personality is thought to be 
a mysterious ethereal something, drop- 
ped from the skies about which we can 
do nothing. 

Modern psychology holds no such 
fatalistic point of view. Present day 
thinking on the matter states that there 
are many factors which influence 
growth of personality and that one's 
heredity is but one factor. Man meets 
new experience, adjusts to it and is 
changed by it. Personality is then not 
a static gift which persists throughout 
life unchanged, but a growing, evolv- 
ing, changing entity. The keynote of 
personality is, therefore, neither per- 
manence nor stability, but unification 
and integration of one's experiences. 

Further to define personality it is 
well to keep in mind that the well 
adjusted person will possess "a healthy 
body, normally acute sense organs, 
balanced perception, a good memory, 
sound judgment, rational associations, 
emotional balance and motor control." 
It should also be kept in mind that any 
condition or experience which affects 
the above mentioned characteristics will 
be a factor in influencing personality 
development. 

The development of human per- 
sonality then is definitely determined 
by one's personal equipment (hered- 
ity) , by one's material possessions, by 
individual and social experiences (en- 
vironmentJ[ and by the response one 
makes to these experiences (personal 
choice) . These factors are by no means 
simple but are complex and interlock- 
ing. 

In order named, let us first consider 
some of the possibilities for influencing 
the development of human personality 
that are found under the so-called per- 
sonal equipment of the child. This 
will be considered under three headings, 
first the mental ability; second the 
health of the child; and third, the 
physical appearance of the child. 

Modern psychology has demon- 



strated the fact of individual differences 
in the mental ability of children. 
Our concern, however, is not in the 
amount of difference as much as it is 
to note the reactions of persons with 
varying degrees of ability in a social 
environment. 

A dull child may develop rather 
placidly in an environment where not 
too much is expected of him. Placed 
in direct competition with situations 
beyond his limited ability and any one 
of a number of reactions may occur. 
He may resort to queer cunning to 
get by his difliculties. He may be 
filled with a feeling of his own in- 
feriority and incompetence and become 
retiring and docile, or he may create 
a hatred toward those situations that 
cause his discomfort. 

On the other hand, a bright child 
may find his environment tame and 
commonplace. He may use his clever- 
ness to avoid effort. He may become 
arrogant, with a feeling of superiority 
and became altogether a hateful, shal- 
low person. 

These two suggestive cases may be 
extremes, but they point the way to an 
understanding of how a child's personal 
equipment and mten^al ability may 
affect the growth of his personality. 

Now how may the health of an 
individual affect his personality de- 
velopment? During a sickness or re- 
covery from an accident, one is gen- 
erally treated with great care and solic- 
itude. The direct result in emotional 
development may be a feeling of de- 
pendence; or notion that one should 
be waited on; and in some cases, if 
one fancies one's self mistreated, may 
result in attitudes of hate. There may 
develop fears, a tendency to exaggerate 
one's illness and many other negative 
responses. No doubt some persons 
are helped by illness while others are 
forced into disintegration. Hence, 
health or the lack of health becomes an 
important factor in personality de- 
velopment. 

The physical appearance of a child 
may also have a great effect upon his 
personality development. A hair lip, 
a withered limb or crooked spine, all 
are physical handicaps that may be far- 
reaching effects upon emotional and 
intellectual responses. Red hair, dimin- 
utive stature and numerous other phys- 
ical features may have equally detri- 
mental results. 

As a second group of factors related 
to the problem under consideration let 
us consider how material possessions, 
or the want of them may affect per- 
sonality development. 



Meager material possessions in the 
home may affect the emotional re- 
sponse of the child in numerous ways. 
A child may resort to stealing to 
obtain a desired object. He may im- 
agine he has countless possessions and 
live in a world of phantasy. He may 
develop an ambition to be a great man 
and so acquire all that he wants. 

A child surrounded with everything 
may develop snobbery and demand 
service and goods beyond reason. There 
may develop an over emphasis on 
physical satisfactions that come from 
material possessions. 

We should not minimize in pass- 
ing the effects of various family rela- 
tionships, the only child, the child as 
a bond between parents, or of di- 
vorced parents, all these affect the at- 
titudes of mind that develop. 

The type of associates that one 
makes, the type of employment in 
which one is engaged; the neighbor- 
hood in which one lives — all these 
exert influence. The classroom, the 
teacher, the playground, the Church^ 
all must be recognized as agencies 
which indeed influence the moulding of 
human personality. 

Bibliography 

1. Burnham. Wm. R: "The Nor- 
mal Mind," New York, D. Appleton 
Company. 

2. Campbell, C. M. ct al.: "Prob- 
lems of Personality," New York, Har- 
court Bruce and Co. 

3. Oliver, John R.: "Psychiatry 
and Mental Health," New York, 
Charles Scribner's Sons. 

4. Symonds, P. M.: "Diagnosing 
Personality and Conduct," New York, 
The Century Co, 

5. Thorn. D. A.: "Normal Youth 
and Its Everyday Problems," New 
York, D. Appleton and Co. 

Bee-Hive Girls 

(Continued from page 754) 

^'- .^ 

A ChrisUnas Menu 

Conscience, Clear 

Kindness Good Cheer 

Tender Memories 

Charity served with Discretion 

Peace Love Truth 

Long Life stuffed with 

Usefulness 

Heart, Fond and True 

Best wishes of Absent Friends 

Sweet Thoughts 

Mizpah 



756 THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 

TV*^ THr^l d{ Tp'Qnc; ^^^ approached by a mob and on that he had heard Jesus say, "I can 

illt; lllCli vj| Jt?oU.D j-jjjg occasion was betrayed by the destroy this temple and rebuild it 

(Continued from page 716) faithless Judas. Jesus was then again in three days." The other 

^ .^ placed under arrest and brought saying that He said, "I will destroy 

before Annas, retired High Priest this temple and rebuild it in three 

and appeared later before the Chief who had previously been the pre- days." As a matter of fact what 

Priest of the Sanhcdrin for the pur- siding officer of the great Sanhe- He had actually said was, "Destroy 

pose of betraying Jesus, he saying drin; incidentally he was the this temple, and in three days I will 

to the Chief Priest, "What will ye father-in-law of Joseph Caiaphas, raise it up," meaning, of course. His 

give me, and I will deliver Him the High Priest who then presided own body and not the Jewish 

unto you?" A bargain was made over the Court. Temple. 

that thirty pieces of silver should be Annas did not inquire as to any Be that as it may, the two wit- 
paid Judas for the diabolical particular act alleged to have been nesses apparently did not testify to 
scheme. committed by Jesus, but was one alleged overt act, as a discrep- 

chiefly concerned with the doctrines ancy in their testimony indicates. 

CUNDAY morning Jesus made taught by Him and when he asked Therefore, under the Jewish law, 

His triumphal entry into Jeru- what Jesus taught, the Savior made He should then have been set free, 

salem seated on the back of a colt this reply, "Why asketh thou me? This testimony, however, was 

of an ass. It was a joyous occa- Ask them which heard me, what taken as conclusive and Jesus was 

sion; great throngs of people shout- I have said unto them; behold, they required to put on His defense 

ed, "Hosanna to the son of David," know what I said." The frank without being given time to prepare 

and "Blessed be the king that answer nettled the old gentleman the same. 

Cometh in the name of the Lord." and one of the guards, observing To this high-handed procedure 

On this day He again drove the this, struck Jesus a blow in the face, Jesus refused to respond. His 

money changers from the temple at the same time saying, "Answer- silence angered the High Priest and 

and at that place healed the sick eth thou the high priest so?" Un- he now assumed the role of an ac- 

and taught the people. der the law, such a brutal act was cuser, contrary to the law that said 

On Monday He again returned inexcusable, yet Annas made no no member of the Court could be 

to the Temple and was met by the protest. That terminated the hear- an accuser. Caiaphas sprang to his 

High Priests and learned Rabbis ing before Annas and Jesus was feet and shouted, "I adjure thee by 

and high representatives from the then bound and taken before the living God, that thou tell us 

Sanhedrin, who tried to trick him Caiaphas, the high priest, and the whether thou be the Christ, the son 

with questions, but utterly failed assembled members of the San- of God?" He had no legal right to 

in their attempt. hedrin. The hour was after mid- ask the question as it was entirely 

The occurrences on Tuesday night, as the cock had already outside the issues raised by the two 

were a repetition of what had oc- crowed thrice and Peter had then false witnesses, nor could he require 

curred on Monday. They again denied his Master. the accused to answer a question 

besieged Him with questions in an The fact that the Sanhedrin was that might tend to criminate him. 

attempt to ensnare Him and it was ready to convene at such an hour However, the question concerned 

on this occasion that He made the shows the prejudice that existed in the Messiahship of the Master and 

famous reply: "Render unto their minds and should have dis- He could no longer be quiet. After 

Caesar the things which are Cae- qualified them from acting. Fur- a pause, he replied, "If I tell you, 

sar's, and unto God the things thermore, the trial of a capital case, ye will not believe: And if I also 

that are God's." It was on this according to Jewish law, could not ask you, ye will not answer me." 

day also that in answer to their be held at night nor commenced on Whereupon the entire assembly 

question "Which is the greatest Friday before the Jewish Sunday, cried, "Art thou then the son of 

commandment in the law?" He However, these requirements of the God?" Knowing the full import 

replied, "Thou shalt love the Lord law were utterly ignored by the of His answer and knowing that it 

thy God with all thy heart, and Court. The once august tribunal meant death, He calmly answered, 

with all thy soul, and with all thy had now degenerated to the level "Thou hast said." 

mind. This is the first and great of a mob acting under color of With a great display of righteous 

commandment. And the second authority. anger the members of the Court 

is like unto it. Thou shalt love thy expressed their opinions of guilt, 

neighbor as thyself." JESUS, bound and defenseless, and with mingled pleasure and 

The record does not disclose J faced the assembled Sanhedrin hatred the high priest said, "He 

what He did on Wednesday, but it with a composure that was calm, hath spoken blasphemy; what 

is probable that He spent the day serene and fearless. There had further need have we of witnesses?" 

with friends at Bethany. been no charges filed against Him and so saying, the high priest rent 

Thursday afternoon He again as required by law, nor was He his judicial robe as a token of his 

returned to the City and going to arraigned by having read to Him horror and detestation of blas- 

the house of a friend. He and His the offenses which He was alleged phemy. The crowd who a few 

disciples went to an upper chamber to have committed. On the other days previous had cheered His en- 

where they partook of the famous hand, the Court "sought for wit- trance into the City turned against 

Last Supper. Later in the evening nesses against Him and found Him, saying, "He is guilty of 

He went to the Garden of Geth- none," meaning that they sought death." This conviction of the 

semane and went through the ex- persons to accuse Him. The record Court was adjudged inispite of the 

periences so familiar to all. Some says, however: "At the last came fact that the law forbade that an 

where near the midnight hour He two false witnesses," one saying accused person be convicted upon 



o 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 



757 



bis mere voluntary confession in a 
capital case. 

In order that the reader might 
have more clearly in mind the na- 
ture of the crime of blasphemy, 
permit me to insert the following 
definition of the crime. "The 
crime of blasphemy, as it was un- 
derstood among the Jews, consisted 
in the use of the name of God in 
an impious, idle, light or flippant 
manner, and in usurping to one's 
self power and authority belonging 
to God alone. It extended to every 
word and act directly detracting 
from His sovereignty, such as 
speaking in the name of some other 
god, or neglecting, on occasions re- 
quiring it, to give honor and credit 
due His holy name." 

The first hearing before the San- 
hedrin concluded about three 
o'clock Friday morning, it being 
the early hours of the great festal 
day. The Court adjourned until 
daybreak to take final counsel. 

A S has already been shown, there 
needs must be a second hearing 
and a s&Cond vote of conviction. 
However, under the law, the second 
hearing could not convene until 
after one full day had intervened, 
but the next day being the Jewish 
Sabbath, they disregarded that fea- 
ture of the law and held both hear- 
ings during the early hours of 
Friday morning. During the time 
between said hearings, Jesus was 
turned over to the guards and all 
manner of insults and indignities 
were heaped upon Him, although, 
according to law, the presumption 
of innocence followed Him until 
the close of the second hearing. 
Members of the Sanhedrin seeing 
the abuse made no protest, al- 
though it was their sworn duty to 
afford the prisoner complete pro- 
tection. 

The second hearing is mentioned 
in the record as follows: "And as 
soon as it was day, the elders of the 
people and the chief priests and the 
scribes came together, and led Him 
into their council." 

This morning session was a mere 
formality. The high priest again 
violated the law by requiring Jesus 
to testify against Himself. No 
witnesses were examined and the 
procedure was as follows: In an- 
swer to their question, "Art thou 
then the Son of God?" He replied, 
"Ye say that I am. Hereafter shall 
ye see the Son of man sit on the 
right hand of the power of God." 
After which the whole assembly 



said, "What need we of any further 
witness? for we ourselves have 
heard from His own mouth." 

Thus on His own naked state- 
ment had Jesus again been con- 
victed of blasphemy, without any 
attempt on the part of the Court to 
allow Him to disprove his assertion 
or to permit Him to substantiate it. 
After the second conviction a more 
brutal display of violence was in- 
dulged in than after the first hear- 
ing [ on this second occasion even 
members of the Court participated. 

The wanton neglect of duty by 
members of the Court can better 
be understood in light of the state- 
ment of law found in the book of 
Rabbi Wise entitled "Martyrdom 
of Jesus," which reads, "If none of 
the judges defended the culprit, the 
verdict was invalid." 

Since the advent of Roman au- 
thority in Jerusalem, the power to 
inflict the death penalty had been 
taken from the Jewish Courts. 
Consequently, after the final con- 
viction by the Sanhedrin, it was 
necessary to have the Roman ruler 
confirm or approve the conviction 
before the execution could take 
place. Accordingly, Jesus was now 
bound and delivered to Pontius 
Pilate, who had complete authority 
to open the case, examine the accu- 
sations and determine from all the 
facts and circumstances whether the 
prisoner be guilty of an offense un- 
der the Roman law. If the accused 



Evolution 
(A Mother to Her Son) 

By Jeanette M. Morrell 

YKTHY spend your precious hours 

» '^ Among the ancient tomes? 
Why waste God-given powers 
For glimpses into homes 
Of speculative forebears 
Mysteriously slain 
In tombs, or caves, or darkest lairs. 
Where ages they have lain? 

Why try to prove the ugly things? 

Why not the perfect plan 

Of Heavenly and paternal King — 

His Son — eternal man? 

Life's moments are such precious things; 

Why waste them on the past? 

So soon you'll find they've taken wings; 

They come and go so fast. 

Today, and then tomorrow 

Are the problems of this life; 

Why knowingly woo sorrow? 

Why palliate true strife? 

The question that should cause you fear. 

While on Life's caravan, 

Is whether, son, you go from here 

A monkey or a man. 



were convicted of a crime not recog- 
nized by the Roman law, the pro- 
curator would not proceed further 
with the case. 

The enemies of Christ expected 
that Pilate, a man of iron and 
blood, would take keen delight in 
confirming their sentence of guilt 
without question, but not so. The 
Roman Judge inquired as to the 
accusations and said to them, 
"What accusation bring ye against 
this man?" They tried to evade 
the question by saying, "If He 
were not a malefactor, we would 
not have delivered Him up unto 
thee." They knew the crime of 
blasphemy was not recognized by 
the Roman law, hence the attempt- 
ed evasion. 

YKTHEN Pilate finally discovered 
the nature of the accusation, 
he held the charge in derision and 
immediately the persecutors accused 
Jesus of being disloyal to Roman 
authority and of treason against 
Caesar. They said, "We found 
this fellow perverting the nation, 
forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, 
saying 'I am Christ the King'." 
Truly a gigantic falsehood, in view 
of the answer made by Jesus con- 
cerning Caesar receiving what was 
due him. 

After Pilate had heard the accu- 
sations, he took Jesus aside and 
said, "Art thou the king of the 
Jews ? ' ' This being an entirely dif- 
ferent charge from that of which 
he had been convicted by the San- 
hedrin, the question of Pilate may 
be considered in the nature of an 
investigation into a new alleged of- 
fense. In reply to the question 
Jesus said, "Sayest thou this thing 
of thyself, or did others tell it thee 
of me?" To this Pilate replied, 
"Am I a Jew? Thine own nation 
and the chief priests have delivered 
Thee unto me; what hast Thou 
done?" 

It then must have been apparent 
to Jesus that Pilate was sincere in 
his inquiry, and the Savior took 
occasion to explain to him in the 
following words, "My kingdom is 
not of this world; if my kingdom 
were of this world, then would my 
servants fight, that I should not be 
delivered to the Jews: but now is 
my kingdom not from hence." 
Thus clearly showing that this 
kingdom alluded to was a spiritual 
kingdom of righteousness in the 
hearts and minds of men, rather 
than a temporal kingdom on earth. 
However, Pilate persisted saying, 



758 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA, DECEMBER. 1934 



"Art thou a king then?" To this 
Jesus replied, "Thou sayest that I 
am a king. To this end was I 
born, and for this cause came I 
into the world, that I should bear 
witness unto the truth. Everyone 
that is of the truth heareth my 
voice." Apparently this answer 
was over Pilate's head; at least he 
did not understand the full import 
of it for Pilate then said, "What 
is truth?" and without waiting for 
an answer he mounted the judg- 
ment seat and pronounced an ac- 
quittal by saying, "I find in Him 
no fault." 

Greenleaf says of the acquittal: 
"Here was a sentence of acquittal, 
judicially pronounced, and irrevers- 
ible except by a higher power, upon 
appeal; and it was the duty of 
Pilate thereupon to have discharged 
Him." 

To this point Pilate had acted 
in conformity to Roman law, but 
from this point forward he showed 
a lack of moral courage to go 
against the wishes of the enraged 
multitude. 

Thereafter the infuriated enemies 
of Jesus determined to carry their 
point with the vacillating Pilate by 
accusing Jesus of sedition in stirring 
up the people throughout Jcwery, 
from Galilee to Jerusalem. They 
failed to tell Pilate that the doc- 
trines that had stirred the people 
were His teaching of charity, love 
and humility. 

When Galilee was mentioned as 
a place where sedition had been 
practiced, the coward in Pilate saw 
a way out. He would transfer the 
case to Herod Antipas, the pro- 
curator whose jurisdiction included 
Galilee and who happened to be 
in the City at the moment. Ac- 
cordingly Pilate promptly ordered 
the case transferred to Herod. The 
priests and elders forthwith took 
Jesus before Herod, thinking he 
would waste no time in confirming 
the verdict of guilty, thus to ap- 
pease popular applause. However, 
they were to be again disappointed. 

J^EROD had heard of the man 
Jesus and was curious to meet 
Him. The record says he asked 
Jesus many questions, but that 
"He answered him nothing." 
Angered by His silence, the rec- 
ord says Herod "set him at nought,' 
meaning no doubt he treated Him 
with contempt. However, he 
treated the charges as groundless 
and frivolous, and dressing Jesus 
in a gorgeous robe in derision of 



his kingly power sent him back to 
Pilate. Thus the action of Herod 
who had jurisdiction to try the case 
amounted to another acquittal. 

The accusers now with renewed 
determination brought Jesus before 
Pilate again and Pilate said to them, 
"Ye have brought this man unto 
me, as one that perverteth the peo- 
ple; and, behold, I, having exam- 
ined Him before you, have found 
no fault in this man touching those 
things whereof ye accuse Him : No, 
nor yet Herod; for I sent you to 
him; and, lo, nothing worthy of 
death is done unto Him. I will 
therefore chastise Him and release 
Him." Another absolute pro- 
nouncement of acquittal and a con- 
firmation that Herod had found 
Him not guilty. 

Thereupon Pilate proceeded to 
scourge with rods the body of 
Jesus, thinking that the physical 
pain inflicted would satisfy and ap- 
pease the mob, a most dastardly 
thing to do; the infliction of pun- 
ishment for the fictitious offense 
should have been a bar to further 
prosecution, as the Roman law pro- 
vided that no man be put in 
jeopardy twice for the same offense. 
The record says, "from thence 
forth Pilate sought to release Him." 

Jesus was next stripped of his 

Song For My Little One 

By Gladys Hendrickson 
COFTLY. softly, 
*^ Singing low. 
Here in the 
Golden candle-glow, 
Cuddle your drowsy head 
Down on my breast 
Dear little baby, 
I sing you to rest. 
I sing that I love you. 
My small one, 
My dear one, 
I love you and keep 
You, my little one. 
Sleep. 

Soft and slow, 
To and fro, 
Your mother and you 
Where star-flowers blow, 
Where moon-children shake 
Their shining hair 
Down through the night. 
Through the still 
Blue air. 

Small and sweet. 
Soft and dear, 
I sing to you songs 
That you hardly hear. 
Under the clear, 
Deep, starry sky. 
Here at my breast. 
Slumber, rest. 
Sleep as I whisper 
My lullaby. 



royal robes, with which He had 
been dressed by Herod, and was 
clothed with an old cloak and a 
purple girdle, and to complete the 
ceremony He was crowned with a 
wreath of thorns; a reed was placed 
in His hand for a scepter and He 
was then led before the multitude. 

Pilate, observing the pale face 
and tottering figure of the Master, 
and realizing the terrible torture 
and pain He had been subjected to, 
exclaimed with all the feeling of 
which he was capable, "Behold the 
man." The answer of the hard- 
hearted priests and elders was, 
"Crucify Him." Pilate apparently 
disgusted said, "Take ye Him, and 
crucify Him : for I find no fault in 
Him." However, the Jews realized 
that they had no such authority 
and that they must have the ap- 
proval of the Roman Pilate, and 
they said, "We have a law, and by 
our law he ought to die, because he 
made himself the Son of God." 

When Pilate, therefore, heard 
that saying he was the more afraid 
and he realized that he was being 
led into a situation where he was 
to be a party to the shedding of 
innocent blood for the violation of 
a law which the authority at Rome 
did not recognize, and with genu- 
ine concern he took Jesus aside and 
said to him, "Whence art thou?" 
Jesus made no reply to this ques- 
tion and Pilate became angered at 
his silence and said, "Speakest 
Thou not unto me? knowest Thou 
not that I have power to crucify 
Thee, and have power to release 
Thee?" Jesus perceiving the be- 
wilderment and indecision of Pilate 
finally answered him, "Thou 
couldest have no power at all 
against me, except it were given 
thee from above: therefore he that 
delivered me unto thee hath the 
greater sin," indicating that the 
Jews were more to blame for this 
terrible situation than was Pilate. 

Pilate convinced of the Innocence 
of Jesus made one further attempt 
at dissuading the multitude by say- 
ing, "Behold your king." The 
mob then threatened to report to 
Caesar the actions of Pilate if Jesus 
were set free. Under the daring 
threat, the spineless Pilate was 
swayed between the dictates of his 
conscience and the fear of Roman 
power. His clear-headed wife sent 
him a message imploring him "to 
have thou nothing to do with that 
just man." Finally he made one 
last effort to save Jesus. 

It was the custom during Pass- 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 



759 



over week to release some prisoner 
that would gratify the wishes of 
the multitude, and Pilate said to 
them, "Whom wi41 ye that I release 
unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus 
which is called Christ?" The 
throng asked for the release of 
Barabbas, a robber and murderer. 
The angered mob then called the 
louder to "crucify Him," and Pilate 
answered, "Shall I crucify your 
king?" and as bad as they hated 
Caesar, the scribes and elders said, 
"We have no king but Caesar." 

T'HE unrelenting mob finally 
overcame the will of the Roman 
Judge and he released Barabbas 
and turned Jesus over to be cruci- 
fied. The record says, when he 
had thus released Jesus, he took a 
basin of water and washed his 
hands before the multitude, at the 
same time saying, "I am innocent 
of the blood of this just person; 
see ye to it." Thus had this weak- 
ling permitted innocent blood to 
be shed, the great Roman law to 
be disregarded and the mob spirit 
to prevail. 

The final result has well been 
summed up by the learned George 
W, Thompson in his book entitled 
"The Trial of Jesus," in the fol- 
lowing words: "Thus ended the 
darkest crime known to the history 
of jurisprudence. Two of the 
most enlightened systems of law 
that ever existed were prostituted 
in order to bring about the destruc- 
tion of the most innocent rnan that 
ever lived." 

The character of Him who was 
condemned to die at the close of 
this infamous trial, was spotless. 
A few terse utterances by those 
most closely acquainted and asso- 
ciated with him during his life time 
may throw some light on the point. 
Let those whom we may assume 
were apposed to Him speak first. 

Caiaphas, the chief priest of the 
Sanhedrin, condemned Him because 
He said He was the Son of God, 
asserting, "He hath spoken blas- 
phemy by saying hereafter shall 
ye see the Son of man sitting on 
the right hand of the power of 
God." 

Pilate exclaimed, "I find no 
fault in Him." 

Judas, in remorse, uttered the 
phrase, "I have betrayed innocent 
blood." 

The Roman Centurion in charge 
of the execution and one who per- 
haps observed more closely all the 
details of the tragic event than any 



other person, said, "Truly, this 
was the Son of God!" 

The thief on the cross, who had, 
so far as the record discloses, never 
met Jesus before, looking to Him 
remarked, "This man hath done 
nothing amiss." 

Then let us hear from His 
friends. 

John the Baptist is quoted as 
saying, "I bear record that He is 
the Son of God." 

Peter, one of his closest asso- 
ciates, stated, "God hath made that 
same Jesus both Lord and Christ." 

John refers to him as "the bright 
and the Morning star." 

Thomas, the doubting disciple, 
after being convinced, exclaimed, 
"My Lord and my God!" 

Saul who during the lifetime of 
Christ persecuted Him and His fol- 
lowers, after his miraculous con- 
version said, "I have suffered the 
loss of all things, and do count 
them but dross that I may win 
Christ." 

It is unthinkable that the author 
of Law and Order would have in- 
terposed a defense in a trial where 
every rule of law was disregarded. 
To have attempted a defense would 
have been to dignify the action of 
a maddened throng and would 



have given the proceedings the sem- 
blance of legality. 

May we not conclude that per- 
sonally He needed no defense. Just 
as He needed no defense from phys- 
ical attack when He rebuked the 
impetuous Peter for cutting off the 
ear of Malchus, a member of the 
arresting party. He could at any 
moment have taken complete 
charge of the situation had He so 
desired. 

Not so with the principles He 
advocated, however. They need 
defending. Note His statement, 
"to this end was I born and for 
this cause came I into the world, 
that I should bear witness unto the 
truth." Is it not the principal 
mission of us all to bear witness of 
the truth? On a thousand fronts 
the battle of truth is being waged 
and every red-blooded, clear-think- 
ing person will find that after his 
greatest capabilities have been used 
in its defense, that the battle has 
merely begun. 

Would not wisdom dictate that 
we accept the kind invitation of 
the Master for service, when He 
said, "Take my yoke upon you 
and learn of me, for I am meek and 
lowly in heart and you shall find 
rest unto your souls for my yoke 
is easy and my burden is light." 



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760 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 



R Christmas Tree 
For Susan 

(Continued from page 725) 

^— '4 



had deluged the mountains around 
Hartwell with snow. As the 
school teacher, Sue was the official 
chaperone for the sleighing parties 
of the school children, and was 
chairman of the Christmas program 
committee for the church. 

She wanted to have a really dis- 
tirictive program this year, some- 
thing beautiful and inspiring. She 
thought wistfully of Lynn with 
her dark, glowing beauty and col- 
orfully lovely voice as the Madon- 
na, against a background of austere 
simplicity. Ann's deft hands could 
work miracles with the setting, 
even with the few stage properties 
Hartwell afforded. 

But Lynn and Ann weren't 
coming, and if they were, neither 
of them would care to lend their 
talents to a village pageant. 

She sighed. The girls and 
Roger had all written to say they 
were glad she was going to be sensi- 
ble about Christmas and not work 
herself to death making presents 
and holly wreaths, or trimming 
trees and cooking an absurdly in- 
digestible dinner. 

Sue had grown defiant when she 
read the letters. She liked to make 
presents. She liked to wrap them 
up to look gay and friendly, with 
pert red bows saying "Merry 
Qiristmas" before the package was 
even untied. She liked to trim a 
Christmas tree with silver tinsel 
and shining, fragile ornaments, and 
a silver star at the top. She liked 
to cook those absurdly indigestible 
dinners, baking fragrant, golden- 
crusted pies and spicy cookies for 
days before Christmas. 

"Sue, darling," Lynn had writ- 
ten in her firm, slanting hand, "I'd 
love to have you spend Xmas with 
me at Peter Wyandotte's place on 
Long Island. He's having a small 
party — just thirty or forty guests, 
and told me to bring you along. 
Of course, we'd have to pick up a 
few little things for you in New 
York . . ." 

Sue hadn't liked that, either. 
Lynn thought she hadn't brains 
enough to know that her clothes 
weren't quite up to a "small party 
at Peter Wyandotte's place on Long 
Island." Well, she wouldn't go. 
She and Ellen were going right 
ahead with their presents and their 



tree and their absurdly indigestible 
dinner for just the two of them. 

1 HE week before 
Christmas was filled with activity, 
so Susan did not have time to be 
lonely. School was out for the 
holidays, but groups of her stu- 
dents came to The Highlands to 
make Christmas candies under Sue's 
direction. Nearly every night they 
filled the kitchen with their inces- 
sant chatter and shrieks of laughter. 
During the day they all went into 
the woods for holly and evergreen 
limbs for wreaths. 

The pungent fragrance of pine 
boughs mingled with the spiciness 
of Ellen's Christmas cooking and 
lent an air of gayety to the old 
house. In spite of herself Sue was 
affected by it all, and the dull ache 
which had invaded her heart was 
replaced by a feeling of something 
mysterious and pleasant about to 
happen. 

Her Christmas pageant was 
nearly ready to be presented to the 
Hartwell theater-going public, 
which included the whole town. 
It wasn't the beautifully inspiring 
production which she had hoped 
to achieve, but Sue knew that Hart- 
well was not critical. 

Her despair was Mina Aldrlch 
in the role of Madonna. Sue 
pleaded patiently with her to allow 
her thick fair hair to lie in smoothly 
classical braids over her shoulders 
instead of tortured into set marcel 
waves. She sighed every time she 
looked at Mina. 

"The Madonna should have 
dark hair and eyes and a soulful 
look. Mina doesn't even have an 
intelligent one. If Lynn were only 
here . . ." 

The morning before Christmas 
found Sue awake and shivering at 
six o'clock. She dressed and hur- 
ried downstairs to the warmth of 
the kitchen, where Ellen was al- 
ready pouring chocolate and butter- 
ing thin slices of toast. As Sue ate 
her breakfast the big kitchen seemed 
to echo with memories. 

"No reminiscences, please," she 
reminded herself firmly, shaking off 
the mood of loneliness which 
threatened to come. 

After breakfast Sue went down 
to the church for a final inspection 
of the stage, and to check proper- 
ties. There was to be one more 
rehearsal in the afternoon; the 
pageant was to be presented Christ- 
mas night. 

She returned home at five o'clock 



to find the big house filled with the 
rich odors of Ellen's last baking 
day. A crackling wood fire in the 
living-room flung a cheerful light 
into the shadows. Sue, coming in 
from fast-deepening twilight, felt 
a warm glow at her heart when she 
saw it. 

JlLLEN had set the 
tea-table in front of the fireplace; 
there were delicious little biscuits, 
strawberry jam, cocoa, and a 
variety of thin sweet cookies and 
rich cakes. 

"Ellen, you old darling! Just 
what I needed to cheer me up after 
that wretched rehearsal. Mina has 
a sore throat and I'm worried about 
her singing tomorrow," Sue said 
as she ran upstairs to make a quick 
change. She was down again be- 
fore Ellen had pulled the chairs up 
to the table. Sue exchanged her 
straight chair for a soft, deep one 
and relaxed into it with a little 
sigh of utter contentment. 

"I could simply purr, Ellen. 
Isn't this lovely?" she said, sipping 
her drink and spreading a hot bis- 
cuit. Ellen did not answer; there 
was something mysterious in her 
silence and her quick glances to- 
ward the hall. Then Sue noticed 
for the first time a third place at 
the table. 

She sat up abruptly and put her 
cup on the table. 

"Ellen," she said, "who is the 
other place for?" 

Ellen, now openly watching the 
hall, did not answer. Someone 
was coming downstairs, someone 
who walked lightly. 

Sue jumped up and made for the 
door, just barely missing the tea- 
table. Half-way down the stairs 
was Ann, trailing a filmy rose 
chiffon tea frock. Ann, with a 
little half-smile on her face which 
just escaped being sentimental. 

"As if she were afraid of being 
laughed at," was Sue's odd convic- 
tion. Correct, conventional Ann. 

"Well," said Ann in the husky 
drawl which she had cultivated, 
"are there no fervent embraces, no 
extravagant words of welcome for 
the prodigal sister?" 

There was an absurd catch in 
Susan's throat. 

''Ann!" she said. "Ann!" 

"Don't be intense, darling. Kiss 
me and let's eat." 

Sue feeling gauche beside the 
slim blonde perfection that was 
Ann, sent Ellen for fresh food. Ann 
took the easy-chair which was 
placed so the dancing flames played 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 



761 



on her hair, intensifying the golden 
lights in it. Ann always did that; 
consciously or unconsciously she 
chose the most effective setting 
available. When she designed a 
home it invariably made a perfect 
background for Ann. 

She startled Sue now by looking 
around the room without the crit- 
ical eye of the artist and saying: 

"I'd give anything for a few of 
these old pieces, Sue. They're 
simply priceless." 

That was Ann. Without the 
flicker of an eyelash she called 
"simply priceless" furniture which 
she had characterized as "junk" the 
year before. 

"Why, I'd as soon you took 
Ellen as any of this furniture," said 
Sue. 

"I know it. You and Ellen are 
absolutely contented here, aren't 
you?" 

With a flash of understanding 
Sue divined that Ann wasn't per- 
fectly happy. Perhaps that was 
why she had come. As if she had 
spoken the words, Ann answered 
her. 

"I'm so tired. I had to come 
home for a rest or go to pieces. 

Ellen came in with biscuits and 
the mysterious look she always 
wore when she was trying to keep 
a secret. She fluttered around the 
tea-table like a wounded pheasant 
until Sue said: 

"Tell us about it, Ellen, or 
you'll burst." 

Ann flashed Ellen a warning 
look which she pretended not to 
see. Sue was amused. It was like 
Ellen to be thrilled with a Christ- 
mas conspiracy, but Ann — . 

The tea things settled, Ellen 
bustled out to the kitchen again. 

J\NN slowly sipped 
her cocoa and took dainty bites 
from a biscuit, while a warm in- 
timate silence enveloped the two 
girls. Sue was afraid to speak, this 
new mood of Ann's was so rare. 
The jingle of passing sleigh-bells, 
the mufiled closing of a door, the 
snapping and crackling of the 
wood fire — all intensified the utter 
quiet. 

Suddenly Sue put down her cup 
and jumped up. 

"There's someone talking to El- 
len," she said. "Were you alone, 
Ann?" 

"Of course." 

"I'll see who it is then. Ellen's 
been acting so strangely." 

"Wait, Sue, I'll go, too." 

They went cautiously down the 



hall toward the kitchen and opened 
the door. Ellen and a tall, dark 
girl in a sable coat turned quickly, 
both looking as if they were house- 
breakers caught on a job. Sue 
threw her arms around the new- 
comer while Ann watched them 
with affectionately amused eyes. 

"The haughty Miss Lynn Lane 
couldn't stay away . . for Christ- 
mas," said Lynn softly. "Neither, 
it seems, could her wise-cracking 
sister Ann." 

She had taken off the sable coat 
and dropped it casually on a chair. 
Ellen, with a scandalized cluck, 
picked it up and carried it rever- 
ently into the hall. The three girls 
all talked at once. Ann forgot her 
drawl, and Lynn her air of bored 
sophistication, while Sue, her eyes 
brimming, said affectionately: 

"I know I'm an absolute idiot 
to carry on like this, but I'm so 
thrilled to have you both here . ." 

Presently Lynn, looking around 
the shabby, cheerful living-room, 
said: "No tree? I thought you'd 
weaken at the last moment." 

"No, indeed," said Sue airily. 
"Ellen and I have simply forgot- 
ten that Christmas exists." 

The moment the words were out 
of her mouth she wondered what 
on earth one did to make a life- 
sized Christmas tree loaded with 
trimmings disappear into thin air. 

"That's sensible, isn't it, Ann?" 

"Very. I've always said so. 
After all, we aren't children any 
more, to be sentimental about an 
ante-dated holiday." 

Susan felt herself growing de- 



fiant again. She and Ellen had had 
such fun trimming the tree, but of 
course, Ann and Lynn had the 
modern view-point. They knew 
Christmas trees and presents and 
absurdly indigestible dinners were 
only sentimental nonsense. How 
could she get rid of it before they 
decided to make a tour of the 
house? 

jtTlN hour later the girls 
were still sitting before the glowing 
coals in the grate. There was a feel- 
ing of intimacy and contentment 
in the long silences. Ann was 
stretched indolently on the divan, 



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762 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 



Lynn was curled up in the big 
chair, while Sue sat cross-legged on 
a pillow on the floor. All three 
were intently watching the flames, 
as if th^y saw vivid, quickly chang- 
ing pictures of other Christmas 
Eves at The Highlands. 

Once Sue gave Lynn a quick 
glance and said with studied casual- 
ness: "My Madonna developed a 
sore throat today and couldn't sing 
a note. If she isn't well tomorrow 
the Christmas pageant will simply 
fall through." 

Lynn exchanged an amused look 
with Ann. 

"You're so transparent, Sue dar- 
ling. I loathe Christmas pageants, 
but tonight I'd promise you any- 
thing. If your Madonna doesn't 
recover, I'll sing for her." 

"Oh, that's lovely." Sue settled 
back on her pillow with a pleased 
smile on her face. Mina would not 
recover in time to sing even if she 
had to be bribed with the new hat 
of Sue's she admired so much. 

A door slammed shut somewhere 
near the kitchen. Sue remembered 
that Ellen had been working out 
there all the time they were talking. 
What could she find to do this far 
into the night f 

Ann stirred lazily and sat up. 

"Shall we go to bed? I'm simply 
dead for sleep," she said. 

"Not sleepy yet, darling. You 
and Sue go," said Lynn. I'll watch 
lost illusions come to life in the 
flames." 

"Fortunately my illusions are 
still intact," laughed Sue, as she 
trailed after Ann. 

Lynn waited until they were 
safely upstairs, then hurried out to 
the kitchen for a secret conclave 
with Ellen. 

When Sue had tucked 
the downy quilts around Ann's 
shoulders, and had seen the tired 
lines around her lovely eyes relax 
in a sleep of utter contentment, she 
went to her own cold room, to lie 
wide-awake with excitement in her 
big four-poster bed. 

That Christmas tree . . . Sue 
could imagine Lynn's delicately 
arched eyebrows raised in indulgent 
amusement when she saw it, and 
Ann's sophisticated air of polite 
interest. That is, if she bothered 
to be polite or interested. Ann 
could be outrageously frank. 

They would condone the ab- 
surdly indigestible dinner. One 
whiff of Ellen's cooking would 
make anyone believe Christmas 
dinner in the old-fashioned way 



was still a commendable institu- 
tion. 

Sue drifted off to sleep, deter- 
mined to prevent their seeing her 
tree. 

Early Christmas morning she sat 
up in bed and looked around the 
room, her eyes weighted with sleep. 
The objects in the room were 
barely discernible in the faint 
morning light, but Sue jumped out 
of bed and groped her way across 
the cold, bare floor. 

Sometime in the night she had 
drowsily resolved to take the 
Christmas tree down the hill to the 
Farlings. Nine little Farling chil- 
dren would welcome it with shouts 
of glee. Sue had mentally thanked 
Heaven for children who still 
thought Christmas a lovely holi- 
day. 

Shivering in the icy darkness, 
she dressed quickly. She put on a 
heavy sweater and small felt hat, 
boots and gloves. The sled was 
in the wood shed, and after feeling 
her way carefully down the stairs 
and through the silent house, she 
was soon swinging along in the 
snow, breathing deeply of the cold, 
invigorating air. 

.The tree had been hard to man- 
age alone, but now it lay securely 
tied on the sled, its glittering trim- 
mings tumbled together. Susan 
was glad Ellen had insisted on 
trimming it in the little hall off 
the kitchen to keep the living-room 
clean, otherwise she never could 
have carried it to the sled. 

The trail to the Farling home 
was narrow, and the snow deep, 
so it was an hour later that Susan 
trudged back to The Highlands 
after leaving the tree, a trifle untidy 
but still triumphantly gay and 
lovely, with its fragrant limbs 
flung valiantly toward the grey 
December sky, on the Farlings* 
porch. 

When she reached the house, 
breathless and exhilarated, she stop- 
ped abruptly. In the driveway, 
looming darkly against the white 
snow, was a long sedan. From the 
living-room window came a shaft 
of light; subdued voices and laugh- 
ter drifted out to Sue. 

She hurried through the front 
hall and paused before the door, 
listening intently. Lynn and Ann 
. . . then a slower feminine voice 
. . . that would be Ellen's, and 
the light, gay one. . . 

"Elizabeth!" Sue flung open 
the door and was enfolded simul- 
taneously by Elizabeth and Roger. 
A tall dark man watched the im- 



petuous embraces. She noticed in 
the quick glimpse she had of him 
that he had an exceptionally at- 
tractive smile. 

"Sue, darling, this is Doctor 
Eaton — Jimmy," said Elizabeth. 
She turned and took his arm, add- 
ing casually, "We're married." 

"A fact which Elizabeth takes 
very calmly. I haven't eaten a bite 
since the ceremony yesterday," said 
Elizabeth's husband, with another 
of the smiles which made Sue un- 
derstand why they had heard noth- 
ing but Jimmy Eaton from Eliza- 
beth since she first met him. 

"You might all make a few ex- 
planations," said Sue with a pre- 
tense at severity. "When I dis- 
tinctly told you there was no wel- 
come mat spread for any of my re- 
calcitrant family this year . . ." 

Elizabeth looked hurt. 

"Why, Sue, if we'd known you 
didn't want us . . ." she began. 

"Want you! Elizabeth, I'm so 
thrilled . . ." She laughed, but 
the tears were very near the surface. 
"This won't do," she protested, 
linking her arm with Elizabeth's, 
Let's ..." 

liER voice died away. 
She was staring with delighted 
amazement at the lovely, shimmer- 
ing Christmas tree which stood in 
its old place before a window, with 
Ann on a step-ladder beside it 
hanging the silver star. 

Its needles were silvered, and dis- 
played frosty, pure white orna- 
ments. It looked cool and lovely 
and remote, like Ann herself. 

But the gayly wrapped packages, 
all colors and shapes, tumbled un- 
derneath looked more like the joy- 
ous, careless children the Sherrills 
used to be. 

Lynn had seen Sue's rapt look. 
Her own eyes were bright with 
laughter, and something else. 

"We all said we wanted a 
Christmas tree for Susan, but I 
think the rest of us . . ." 

"After all," drawled Ann from 
her perch beside the tree, "what is 
Christmas without a tree?" 

"Or a turkey," put in Roger 
from the kitchen door. "Ellen or 
company." 

She looked at Elizabeth and 
Jimmie, at Ann and Lynn and 
Roger; then she smiled, a tremu- 
lous little smile of happiness. 

"It's the grandest thing in the 
world," said Sue rapturously," "to 
have everyone home for Christ- 
mas!" 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA, DECEMBER. 1934 



763 



King James 

Version 

with 5,566 

Correctsd 

Renderings 

from the 

American 

Standard 

Version 



The Long 
Winding Trail 

(Continued from page 723) 
j8«" ■ 4 

enough horses to make a small di- 
vision of the United States Army, 
so that I make claim to being a 
blacksmith. I have sewed up scalp 
wounds and set broken limbs be- 
cause there was no one else 
to do it. 

I have administered simple 
remedies to those who 
were sick. They have de- 
sired my prescriptions. 

There are so many 
things that have just hap- 
pened to come to me in my 
life. I have practiced law 
because there was no one 
else to practice it in the 
country where I was; and 
I made it very interesting 
for evil-doers. We had 
courts then that convicted 
men when they were guilty 
and discharged them when 
they were innocent. 

T SHALL never forget one 
of those trials down in 
St. George in early days. 
William Fawcett was our 
justice of the peace. There 
was an attorney who came 
from Salt Lake to defend a 
fellow who had violated 
the law. Now there weren't 
many lawyers in those 
days, and the courthouse 
was crowded with people 
who were all anxious to 
hear the lawyer. The case 
went on, the witnesses 
gave their testimony, the 
justice of the peace declared 
the prisoner guilty. The 
attorney from Salt Lake 
began immediately to take 
exceptions and declared 
that he was going to appeal 
the case. The judge arose 
and said: 

"All of those who are 
present that sustain me in 
my verdict please hold up 
your hands." 

Every hand went up and 
that was the end of the 
case. 

A MONG other things we 

had dramatics in those 

early days, I chanced to 

be one of the performers, 



and my wife here another. Wc 
were playing "East Lynnc." If 
the College hasn't played it, I will 
bring my family up to sec it if you 
put it on in Logan. We were so suc- 
cessful in St. George that we took it 
up to Silver Reef. A great number 
of Cornishmen had been brought 
to work in the mines there. The 
house was crowded with people. I 
was playing the part of Sir Archi- 



bald, and my wife's sister was play- 
ing Lady Isabel. When it came to 
that part where Lady Isabel on her 
knees pleads for forgiveness, (of 
course I had to be the stern husband 
who reprimanded her because of the 
mistake she had made) there walk- 
ed down the aisle a big Cornishman 
with his sleeves rolled above his 
elbows, who shook his first at mc 
and said: 



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ACTS 17 ■'^2 23 

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"Damn you, forgive her." 

Later, in another play, we were 
in a complication on the stage 
which indicated that I had been the 
individual who had gone off with 
some money which did not belong 
to me. (Of course it was apparent 
to the audience that I was entirely 
innocent) . It looked bad for me, 
however, until a boy jumped on 
one of the seats and shouted : 

"Tony didn't take it. That 
man over there took it." 

Well, there were many of these 
things, and I do not want to keep 
you too long. 

I have learned something of the 
languages of the Indians among 
whom I have traveled and could 
translate them into my own 
tongue. I have studied geology 
sufficiently to classify the rocks, and 
I am never alone when I am with 
them, as I otherwise would be. 

T STOOD one day on the rim of 
the Grand Canyon of the Colo- 
rado. I could see the angry waves 
of the great river dashing against 
the rock-ribbed shores in their re- 
lentless, merciless way to the sea, 
Clouds were gathering in the can- 
yon below. An eagle soared above 
them. I stood, contemplating the 
grandeur of the river and the bird 
which soared above it. Inadvert- 
ently I turned my head to a nearby 
cove, shaded by trees and bushes, 
from which I heard the cooing of a 
dove and the song of a mocking- 
bird. A spring of clear water burst 
from the rocks above the cove and 
rushed merrily on to add its limpid 
waters to the mud and silt of the 



river below, and to be carried on 
to the ocean where it would be lost 
forever. 

I thought as I contemplated my 
surroundings: The great river is 
like Genghis Kahn or Alexander of 
Macedon, going on in relentless 
fury, sweeping everything before 
it and leaving desolation behind. 
And I said: "I will not be like 
the army of selfish, thoughtless 
men, who are rushing on, perhaps 
to accomplish their own ambitions, 
but finally to be lost just as the 
river will be when it enters the sea. 
It will be gone and forever forgot- 
ten ; while the cove where the birds 
are singing, and the stream of lim- 
pid water which bursts forth from 
the rock will be here forever. Like 
the word of God, it will be a place 
where all who thirst may drink 
without money and without price." 

Then and there I resolved in my 
mind that I would rather be the 
cove and its waters which are pure 
and will be lasting, and with the 
mocking-bird and dove, than to 
follow after the great river and be 
lost and forgotten in the army of 
selfish, ambitious men. 

Thus I have gone on until it has 
brought me here tonight. This is 
truly one of the happiest times of 
my life. I thank you for all the 
good things that have been said of 
me, placing a greater responsibility 
on me than ever before. I hope 
that as life goes on I may be with 
this Alumni, I have said, and be- 
lieve, and bear witness to you, that 
I will be going down that long, 
long trail in another and better 
world, with you. 



R Romance of 
Two Cities 



(Continued from page 729) 



"My basket was full of nuts, 
but that gluttonous Lamanite took 
over his amount and he says he 
loves me." She laughed gaily as 
she drew a square cloth from her 
robe. She tossed it into the old 
lady's lap. 

"There," she exclaimed, kissing 
the face that looked in love at her, 
"I found a few heads of grain and 
threshed them. I hid them in my 
robe else Nana-aha would surely 
have taken them from me." 

The old man's eyes narrowed. 

"It was an unwise risk," he said, 
then asked. 



"Was it Nana-aha who took thy 
food?" 

"It was," she answered, then re- 
membering, she blushed. 

"I was late getting in, a little 
behind Sarah and the others and 
he tried to make love to me. He 
says he will take and take until 
your pride is broken." Then 
throwing herself at his feet, she 
cried: 

"Grandfather! You would never 
give me in marriage to him? Tell 
me. Beloved, you never would?" 

Jared patted her head lovingly, 
but did not answer and soon the 
servant summoned them to theii 
evening meal. Afterward the 
Grandmother took up her sewing 
and Zena curled on a couch near 
her. Jared in his corner pored 
over a roll of parchment. 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 



765 



"Grandmother, tell me of Zara- 
hemla." This was her favorite 
query. To her, Zarahemla was a 
light upon a mountain — 3. goal 
that would materialize the dreams 
of her childhood and youth. 

"I was just a maid newly wed," 
the grandmother began, "when 
Jared and I left Zarahemla. We 
came here to Lehi-Nephi with King 
ZenifF. We could scarcely wait to 
get here for we had heard much of 
the wonders of this city. I remem- 
ber my mother and those who left 
here and went to Zarahemla were 
never tired of singing its praises. 
So we came here full of dreams and 
expectations and gloried in their 
fulfilment so long as King Zeniff 
lived, for he was a noble man bow- 
ing to the will of Jehovah in all 
things; but woe the day he died! 
Noah was all that his father was 
not and between him and the 
wicked Lamanites we have been 
nothing but slaves. Our people 
had prospered through righteous- 
ness and so long as our taxes were 
paid, the Lamanites let us alone. 
Noah changed everything. He and 
his priests were steeped in iniquity. 
God has destroyed cities for less 
wickedness than the City of Lehi- 
Nephi has known; but he has 
turned the wrath of the Lamanites 
upon us; would that he had de- 
stroyed the city. 'Twould be 
easier to bear." 

"Mother!" the old man spoke 
sharply, and sensing the rebuke, she 
wiped a tear from her eyes. Zena, 
who knew this by heart asked im- 
patiently. 

"But what of Zarahemla, Be- 
loved?" 

Miriam, the grandmother, look- 
ed toward Zena, but did not see 
her. The dim old eyes were look- 
ing down the vista of years to a 
place far to the north, where, for 
her, life and love had begun. 

"Zarahemla, the City Beauti- 
ful," she breathed softly, "I can 
see it now as I knew it then. White, 
clean spaces, magnificent buildings 
and towers, parks with flowers and 
playing fountains, and the Great 
Temple. Ah, dear child, I have 
no words to express the splendor, 
the soul-inspiring beauty of it. 
Would that we had never left." 
The old voice trailed away and 
Zena too, sat silent, lost in won- 
dering speculation of her grand- 
mother's City Beautiful. 

A loud harsh summons suddenly 
broke their reverie. Instantly the 



old lady's wistfulness vanished. 
She sat regal as a queen. 

"That black Lamanite," she 
hissed, "he would marry the 
daughter of the Once High Priest, 
Jared." 

' 'Peace, Mother. ' ' The old man 
rose and stood facing the door. 
The servant, bowing low, said: 

"Nana -aha seeks admittance." 

With one hand Jared waved ac- 
quiesence, with the other motioned 
Zena and Miriam from the room. 

Presently, t h c 

Mighty One stood before Jared, 



bowing slightly, in deference to his 
priestly ofiice, but his bold black 
eyes wandered to the curtain be- 
hind which Zena and her grand- 
mother had fled. 

"The Lamanite would have 
something of me?" Jared asked 
with calm dignity. Beside him, 
the Lamanite stood drawn to his 
great height, overbearing and in- 
solent. 

"Jared knows what I would 
have," he replied, a trifle scorn- 
fully, "but once more I ask. Grant 
my wish and I shall render great 
service to your people." 



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Jared drew a deep hard breath. 
That the Lamanite was laboring 
under great excitement was ap- 
parent. Something had happened. 
"And if I refuse.?" 
"The morrow shall tell." 
Jared's head bowed. His people 
had suffered much, how could they 
endure more? The men were few, 
women and children many. Every 
morning in the Temple he offered 
sacrifices to the Great Eloheira. 
Was his granddaughter too precious 
to sacrifice to an unbeliever? He 
half turned, the two listeners be- 
hind the curtain held each other 
close. 

"Grandmother, oh, Grandmoth- 
er," the girl moaned. 

Then with startling suddeness 
the sweet old voice of Miriam was 
raised in a song pregnant with 
memories of a happy golden past. 
"Zarahemla, City of Beauty, 
How we love thy holy name. 
Ever our hearts in memory ten- 
der—." 

The old man raised his head. 
Back up on the trail of life they 
had sung it, he and she together. 
How many hard places and vexa- 
tious problems had given way be- 
fore the music of it. Zarahemla, and 
its gorgeous Temple ; he once a High 
Priest, honored — and he would 
have given his granddaughter to 
wife to one who was unworthy. 
His shoulders straightened sharply. 
He faced the Lamanite once more, 
dignified with hope and faith. 

"Go!" he commanded. "The 
Granddaughter of Jared is priceless. 
She weds no one who is unholy." 

The Lamanite laughed, a nasty 
sneering laugh. 

Let's Talk About 
Personality 



^ 



(Continued from page 730) 



group. As a child of two, we 
should realize that the family has 
other responsibilities, and when we 
are three or four, we should begin 
to realize that we owe something 
to others and begin to help. Our 
earliest duties, quite naturally, will 
be simple. Later, when we attend 
school, we find that we are be- 
coming increasingly individual and 
that we are members of a larger 
group now, but a group that is 
controlled by certain rules and reg- 
ulations, nevertheless, and that to 
get along harmoniously with teach- 
ers and assosiates, we must abide 



"Jared is a weakling. He lets 
his women rule him." 

Jared did not answer, but his 
hand still pointed to the door. 

Nana-aha turned to his servants. 

"Get the maid," he commanded, 
with a gesture toward the inner 
room. 

They stepped forward, but were 
stopped by Jared, 

"Would ye desecrate my home? 
Go hence, or I shall smite you to 
the earth." He faced them de- 
fiantly. 

The men caught him, and while 
one held him powerless, the other 
started again for the curtain. As 
he would have laid his hands on it, 
he stopped short. 

A low moaning cry, as of a 
rising wind at a great distance, 
came sweeping through the house. 
With each breath it grew louder, 
shriller. The curtain swayed, the 
light went out, nearer and nearer 
came the uncanny voice. The 
Lamanites turned to run but fear 
froze their limbs. Out of the 
gloom and blackness, sprang two 
terrifying eyes, two long lean hands 
of fire bore down upon them. A 
sudden blood curdling shriek and 
the Lamanites bolted, stumbling 
and cursing one another in their 
haste. With their retreating foot- 
steps, the noise died, the curtains 
dropped. The apparition faced 
Jared. 

"Thing of Satan," he cried, 
"what art thou?" 

Instantly the figure vanished, 
but a dry chuckle floated back. 

"Bithna," she exclaimed in 
gratitude. 

(To be Continued) 

— < 

by those rules and regulations. We 
will learn to welcome and respect 
them, feeling quite rightly that 
they were made for our personal 
guidance and that adherence to 
them protects our personal welfare. 
When, in time, we take our places 
as heads of our own families, the 
process of adjustment still goes on. 

Now we must learn to adjust to 
husband or wife, to relatives-in- 
law, to neighbors, business asso- 
ciates, acquaintances, church and 
club groups, social and cultural 
groups. Now comes the test. If, 
with physical maturity, we have 
also attained emotional maturity 
and mental poise, we shall have 
little or no difficulty in making 
adjustments from time to time, as 
the need arises. Nor will we suffer 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. NOVEMBER. 1934 



767 



the loss of one particle of our in- 
dividuality for only by obedience 
to law can man know real freedom. 

A TRUTHFUL answer to the 
following questions, will help 
you to see yourself in relation to 
your social adjustment. Do you 
know how to play? With your 
children? With other adults? Can 
you work harmoniously on boards 
or committees? Or are you one of 
those unfortunates who invariably 
advances a difference of opinion or 
continually maintains a super 
critical attitude? When you con- 
cede to the opinion of the group, 
do you do so with an injured air 
or hurt indifference? Have you 
learned to evaluate the opinions of 
others or do you, when forced to 
recognize the soundness of others' 
opinions, do so with an air of con- 
descension? Are you sportsman- 
like in group activities? Can you 
give to any competition, to any 
endeavor, the best there is in you 
and then lose with a smile and a 
sincere word of congratulation to 
an opponent? Can you yield 
gracefully in an argument? Can 
you use constructive criticism? Not 
only take it but like it, if I may be 
permitted the expression. Can you 
give constructive criticism? Can 
you concede the rights of others? 
And finally, are you making a con- 
tribution to your family? Your 
group? Your community? In the 
last analysis, are you sufficiently 
well integrated that you are able to 
get along with others and enjoy 
the process? 

Morgan says: "The real test of 
a normal person is whether or not 
he can make social adjustments. 
Too often we picture as the ideal 
individual, one who has a maxi- 
mum amount of moral restraint, 
who is remarkably intelligent, who 
is extremely well informed, or who 
is shrewd enough never to permit 
himself to become the dupe of cir- 
cumstances. If this ideal does not 
preclude those traits which make 
the individual a desirable comrade, 
well and good; but too often such 
ideals omit very important ele- 
ments, or, by over-emphasis of cer- 
tain traits, minimize the ones 
which make him socially desirable. 
He may attain wisdom, wealth, 
and a high standard of morality, 
but these are only a means to one 
great end — that of attaining a 
wealth of personal contacts. One 
whose ambition drives him away 
from his fellows and tends to make 
him a recluse is sacrificing the most 



desirable thing on earth. The main 
object of education then, is to fit 
an individual to become successful 
in his personal relations with his 
fellows." 

So begin today to improve and 
enrich your personal relationships. 
It costs nothing to smile and a 
cheery "good morning" or a warm 
hand clasp requires but a moment 
of your time, yet they serve to pave 
the way to a better and deeper un- 
derstanding of life and those of us 
who are concerned with living, 
cementing the bonds of friendships 
and enriching your own person- 
ality. 



'«>~< 



Attention Bishops! 

Help the mii^aionarr wurk alunK 
at the 

Bureau of Information 
by KettlnK your 

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From Us 

NEW LOW PRICES: 
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plated «>ith three dozen 

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Extra slaMie* 

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BREAD TIIA VS 97.50 

BUREAU OF INFORMATION 

Temple Block 
Salt Lake City, Utah 




President Joseph Smith 



A Man Is Saved No Faster 
Than He Gains Knowledge 

Joseph Smith, the first President of 
the Church, made that and other 
statements of similar import. He in- 
augurated an educational program 
which has been continued by every 
one of his successors in the First Presi- 
dency. 

THE CHURCH MAINTAINS A 
UNIVERSITY TO CARRY ON 
THE TRADITION. 

The best of Secular Education per- 
meated with a splendid spirituality, 
is Available at the Y. 

For Information Address 



THE BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY 



"The Church 
University" 



PROVO, UTAH 



"The Friendltf 
School" 




Salt Lake Gity*s Newest Popular Hotel 



HOTEL 
TEMPLE 
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ERNEST C. ROSSITER, Manager 







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768 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA. DECEMBER. 1934 



The Savior of 
Nacozari 

{Continued from page 731) 
^ ^ 

Even the solid shelf of rock on 
which the building once stood had 
received a scar fully three feet deep. 
Off to the left, three hundred yards 
from the track, had stood a tene- 
ment house that had sheltered sev- 
eral families. To my astonishment 
the structure had been blown to 
atoms. Not one stick of timber was 
in its original position. Several of 
its occupants had been blown into 
eternity but worst of all, my eyes 
fell upon the forms and features of 
two women, a mother and daugh- 
ter, who had been gazing out of 
the window at the approaching 
train when the explosion occurred. 
The glass from the window was 
hurled with such terrific force into 
their eyes that they were literally 
torn from their sockets, and noth- 
ing was left but great gaping, 
hideous cavities where once the eyes 
had been. And these sightless 
women could not die but were des- 
tined to live on in a world of total 
darkness, subjects of charity, until 
a kind providence should see fit to 
end their sufferings. I then looked 
about to ascertain the damage to 
the train, and saw that the engine 
had been dismantled, and I learned 
that the body of the engineer had 
been blown from the cab and was 
lying horribly mangled by the side 
of the track. 

Anxious to learn the cause of 
the disaster, I interviewed a group 
of men standing nearby and re- 
ceived from them a detailed account 
of the accident, the essential features 
of which I now pass on to my 
readers. 



aflame the bales of hay and that 
the burning hay, in turn, was being 
blown into the midst of the tons 
of powder contained in the open 
car immediately in the rear. 

"Run for your lives!" shouted 
the youthful Mexican engineer to 
the train crew and a dozen passen- 
gers on their way to the mines. No 
second command was needed, and 
in a moment Juan was left alone. 
His Gethsemane had come. He, 
too, might escape but what of the 
thousands in the town below? 
Should the powder explode at this 
point the jar would be sufficient to 
set off the hundreds of tons in the 
magazine below and then what? 
Not one of the thousands would 
live to tell the tale. Great beads of 
perspiration protruded from every 
pore and with a heavy groan he 
opened wide the throttle and the 
train sped on. Scarcely had the 
summit been reached when the 
powder exploded, but the courage 
of the engineer had saved the town. 

OlX months had pass- 
ed. The sun was about to sink 
from view behind a serrated peak 
when a train of cars was seen com- 
ing down the steep declivity east of 
town. It was crowded with men, 
women, and children on their way 
from the mines. They had come 
to witness a solemn event, the un- 



veiling of a monument to the mem- 
ory of Juan Garcia, the youthful 
Mexican, engineer. Multitudes 
had assembled — Mexicans and 
Americans — social differences were 
cast aside and all were blended into 
one great throng to pay homage at 
the shrine of the hero who died 
that they might live. Words of 
eulogy appropriate for the occasion 
were spoken and strains of soft- 
toned music floated out on the eve- 
ning air in heart-breaking loveli- 
ness only as a well trained and 
emotional Mexican orchestra can 
produce it. Then as a hush came 
over the assembled multitude a veil 
was parted disclosing to view a pol- 
ished granite shaft on whose base 
was inscribed a glowing tribute, 
the spirit of which was as follows : 
"To the memory of Juan Garcia 
the courageous youthful engineer, 
the savior of Nacozari who died 
that we might live. 'No greater 
love hath any man than this, that 
he should lay down his life for his 
friends'." 

Years have passed since then but 
those intervening years have not 
dimmed the memory of that cour- 
ageous deed nor of the sorrow of 
that widowed mother and orphan- 
ed sister as we tenderly placed in the 
casket the broken body of that 
heroic youth to whom honor and 
service were dearer than life. 



The 



train had come 
from the mine loaded with ore and 
was to return laden with an assort- 
ment of merchandise for those em- 
ployed at the mines. On one car 
was loaded six thousand pounds of 
giant powder taken from a great 
stone magazine situated at the foot 
of the hill and in another car several 
tons of baled hay had been placed. 
When all was in readiness the en- 
gineer gave the signal, the engine 
began to puff and the train started 
to climb the hill. When less than 
half the distance had been reached 
the engineer cast a backward glance 
and to his consternation he saw 
that sparks from the engine had set 



m 



• • • 



Tune 

MARY PICKFORD 

Wednesday Evenings 

Enjoy the inimitable radio performances of America's sweetheart 
in a brilliant zestful program. 

And — to add a zestful dish to meals at noon or niftht — serve 

ROYAL GELATIN 




Seven delicious true-fruit flavors and 
an unsweetened Gelatin Aspic. Pud- 
dings too — Chocolate and Vanilla, 
made with Arrowroot that siTes 
them a tasty, home-like flavor. 

Try them soon. Ask for them 
wherever groceries are sold. 




r ' 



l^^r'' 




A^wow ^jogL. J0J^^A^OvJ^A 



^ "Arimo, Idaho. 

"Dear Editor: 
T'M thankful for my copy of The Improvement Era, writes 
''■ Grace Kaye, from Dorchester, Mass., "I am thankful that I 
can encase 'Prelude to Several Things' in a little frame and 
hang it in a sacred corner where privileged eyes may gaze 
upon it and feel refreshed in the beauty of its characters. 
You're right, 'there isn't room to list the hundreds of other 
thanks-winning blessings'." 

i i i 

"Salt Lake City 
"Dear Editor: 

TN glancing over the contents of the September number of 
•'■ the Eta, among several other worthy features, I was pleas- 
antly impressed and edified by the article, 'It's Threshing 
Time' by yourself, and by the editorial. 'Prelude to Several 
Things' by Elsie T. Brandley. 

"The easy, unstilted style that you use in truly describing 
threshing scenes is refreshing and accords quite well with your 
style and efforts at other times. 

"This little article by Elsie pleased me, too, because, aside 
from the edifying subject matter, it shows fine gifts of ex- 
pression, as well as rhetorical talent worthy of her work. 

"More power to both of you. 

"Cordially yours, 

"Judge Daniel Harrington." 

i -f i 

"St. George, Utah. 
"Dear Editor and all Connected with The Improvement Era: 
TT'OR a long while I have wanted to tell you how I appreciate 
■^ your wonderful magazine, but like many others, I just 
think it and let it go at that. 

"No one need ask for my subscription, as when the time 
comes to renew I am looking for the agent, and have my 
money ready. 

"I take several standard magazines, but I never read them 
from cover- to cover like I do The Improvement Era. I first 
turn to the poetry, and I especially like the reminiscent articles 
of our great leaders, also articles on personality, health, etc. 
Our children find it very interesting also. 

"I hope for your continued success, and I'm sure you'll 
have it, because there is so much work and thought put forth. 
"I am sincerely, 

"(Signed) Mae A. Pace." 

FROM "THE SPANISH FORK PRESS" 

An Interesting Article 

A N article that is creating much interest among Spanish 
-'^ Fork people appeared in the last issue of The Improve- 
ment Era. It was written by G. Ott Romney and is entitled, 
"What Makes an Athlete?" In this article the author tells 
of several of the outstanding performances of several athletes. 
Among them is Otto "Curly" Gardner, a Spanish Fork boy 
who made an excellent record in athletics. 

"Young Gardner is now an air-mail pilot for the Pan- 
American Grace Airway Corporation in South America. He 
has the responsibility of taking the mail and fifteen passengers 
over the 'hump' each day from Buenos Aires, Argentine to 
Santiago, .Chile. The one-way trip lakes him six and one- 
half hours and in order to get safely over the "hump" he is 
forced to go to an elevation of sixteen thousand feet. 

"Each day on top of the Andes he sees a monument to 
Jesus. It is caUed Cristo del Andes, which means the Christ 
of the Andes. It was placed there on the boundary to promote 
peace between the two countries. 

"(This article was written by the students of the English 
c'ass of the Sixth grade, Central school, of which John F. 
Warner, Jr., is the teacher.)" 

i -f i 

"Elmira, New York. 
"Dear Editor: 

"K AOST sincere thanks for copy of the magazine received 
^^ ^ this morning; I have surely enjoyed reading it. Perhaps 
it would be telling you only what you already know, but I 



have failed to find anything in its field quite its equal. Its 
only near rival is published up in Canada. 

"Need I say that I shall always be glad when a bit of mme 
is retained for use in The Improvement Era. 

"Very truly, 

"Rena C. Travais." 
"A bit of mint from my own garden." 

■f i i 

CHURCH LESSON 

T WANT to learn this lesson I will never cherish 
■*- Before it breaks my heart — 
There is always someone 
Who can play my part. 



That comfortable fear 
That my work will suffer 
If I'm not here; 



I want to step down quietly Many are more capable 

With modest grace. Wiser far than I, 

Someone will be ready I want to learn this lesson 

To take my place; Before I die. 

■f i i 
UTAH POETS, 'TENTION! ! ! 
•yHE Federation of Women's Clubs of Utah are conducting a 
J- poetry contest and are offering $25 for first prize, and 
$10 for second. Here are the details: Poem may be of any 
length on any subject; must be written by a person living in 
Utah; must reach the Reverend Jacob Trapp, 1317 E. 6th 
South Street, Salt Lake City, Utah, on or before January 30; 
name must accompany poem, but on separate slip; poems will 
be judged by a preliminary committee of four; the finals will 
be judged by a committee of four from the University of Utah 
Faculty. All Utah poets should enter. 

i -f -f 

Phoenix, Arizona 
Dear Editors; 

T TNDER the article called "The Third Witness" on page 
^ 458 of The Improvement Era, I noticed two different 
dates giving the death date of Martin Harris. The article 
written by John D. Giles gives the date of death as July 
10, 1875 and the age as 9 1 , whereas the article written by 
Bertha S. Stevenson states he was 93 years of age when he died. 
I thought this article should be corrected. 
Very truly yours, 

H. J. Ca risen 
Martin Harris was born May 18, 1783, and died July 10, 
18 75. He was, therefore, 92. 



"Arimo, Idaho. 
"Dear Mrs. Brandley: 

MY little boy, age 20 
months, enjoys The 
Improvement Eras, but the 
October issue gives him the 
greatest joy. He takes it and 
turns to page 596; looking, 
laughing, and chattering to 
Edith Cherrington's baby 
pictures. 

"No words can convey the 
joyful expression that comes 
in the little face of Howard, 
Jr., nor can the music be 
heard as he points his tiny 
index-finger and repeats 'petty 
baby, pettv, baby.' (It's 
more like 'pitty baby, pitty 
baby') . However, I thought 
I'd drop this note to let you 
know how much a wee tot 
thinks of your wonderful 
magazine. 

"Sincerely yours, 
"(Mrs.) Ruth C. 
Armstrong." 




HOWARD, JR. 




-^^ssA i»?flaw?c» ^^^■^aB ■r1W8g8v w^^Sf^^^t Wv 

Merry Xmas 





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